Vermilion Range (Alberta)

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Vermilion Range
Mount Brewster of Vermilion Range of Alberta.jpg
Highest point
PeakCascade Mountain
Elevation2,998 m (9,836 ft)
Coordinates51°26′24″N 115°40′06″W / 51.44000°N 115.66833°W / 51.44000; -115.66833
Area142 km2 (55 sq mi)
Vermilion Range (Alberta) is located in Alberta
Vermilion Range (Alberta)
Location in SW Alberta
Range coordinates51°22′N 115°43′W / 51.367°N 115.717°W / 51.367; -115.717Coordinates: 51°22′N 115°43′W / 51.367°N 115.717°W / 51.367; -115.717[1]
Parent rangeCanadian Rockies
Borders onSawback Range, Bare Range, Palliser Range and Fairholme Range

The Vermilion Range is a mountain range of the Canadian Rockies, in Banff National Park, Canada. The range is east of the Sawback Range and west of the Bare and Palliser Ranges.

This range includes the following mountains and peaks:

Mountain/Peak metres feet
Cascade Mountain 2,998 9,836
Flints Peak 2,950 9,682
Mount Brewster 2,859 9,380
Prow Mountain 2,858 9,377
Mount Norquay 2,522 8,275


The mountains in Banff Park are composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods.[2] Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was pushed east and over the top of younger rock during the Laramide orogeny.[3]


Based on the Köppen climate classification, the range experiences a subarctic climate with cold, snowy winters, and mild summers.[4] Temperatures in winter can drop below −20 °C (−4 °F) with wind chill factors below −30 °C (−22 °F).


  1. ^ "Vermilion Range". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2014-11-09.
  2. ^ Belyea, Helen (1960). "The Story of the Mountains in Banff National Park" (PDF). Geological Survey of Canada. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  3. ^ Gadd, Ben (2008). "Geology of the Rocky Mountains and Columbias".
  4. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.

See also[edit]