Vermillon River (La Tuque)

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Vermilion River
Acopekihikan sipi 2009 (rivière Vermillon).jpg
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Mauricie
Source Lake Launay
 - location MRC Matawinie, Lanaudière
 - elevation 236 m (774 ft)
 - coordinates 48°21′15″N 74°06′00″W / 48.35417°N 74.10000°W / 48.35417; -74.10000
Mouth Saint-Maurice River
 - location La Tuque (urban agglomeration)
 - coordinates 47°38′43″N 72°56′41″W / 47.64528°N 72.94472°W / 47.64528; -72.94472Coordinates: 47°38′43″N 72°56′41″W / 47.64528°N 72.94472°W / 47.64528; -72.94472
Length 160 km (99 mi) [1]
Basin 2,670 km2 (1,000 sq mi) [1]
Stmauricerivermap.png

The Vermillion River (atikamekw : acopekihikan sipi) flows in the territory of La Tuque (urban agglomeration), in Upper-Mauricie, in the administrative region of Mauricie, in Quebec, Canada.

Geography[edit]

After a journey of 160 km (east bound), the river flows into the Saint-Maurice River (on the west bank) about 23 km (by water) upstream (north) of Beaumont dam in the City of La Tuque and 20 km downstream (south) of Rapide-Blanc dam. It is one of the largest tributaries of the Saint-Maurice River. Other important rivers are Matawin, Manouane, Trenche and La Croche.

The Launay lake, located north-west of Galifet township, is the head of the Vermilion River. Down, the water flows through several rapids and falls and sometimes fellow a circuitous route in townships of Galifet, The Pottery, Dupuis and Picard. At the level of the dam of "Lac Brûlé" (Burned lake) (formerly designated Vermilion-A), the Vermilion River turns north-east through the townships of Bisaillon, Olscamps and Payment, heading towards its mouth.[2][3] in its course the river flows prior to the southeast, then follows a segment 51.3 km to the northeast and finally bifurcates at 90 degrees for the last segment of 8.5 km flowing eastward to its mouth.[4]

Toponymy[edit]

"Vermilion - Two dam" was erected near the railway stop Rapide-Blanc, Quebec, at a place called Vermillion or 5 km upstream of the river mouth.

The name Vermilion also refers to two lakes and a small river, located in the area of "Vermilion - Two". The name refers to the Vermilion bright red yellowish. Some authors suggest that as the beginning of the name would be based on a French translation of an amérindianyme. Once in the native manners, often painted their indigenous body with chalk in flamboyant colors.

In 1824, during his testimony to the House of Assembly of Lower Canada, explorer and woodsman Francis Verreault emphasizes the Raman (Vermilion) River. In addition, Romaine River, in Côte-Nord (North Shore) region was originally designated Ouramane (Olomane) meaning "vermilion".

In his handwritten notes of his travels, written no later than 1830, merchant Jean-Baptiste Perrault wrote: "From there to the Vermilion River and the second port of Vermilion". The Abenaki, in turn, means that river under the name Azobakhigan, which means "Where we paddle quickly". For Atikamekws, this river is named Kanimepirikaci Matawa, a tributary of Lake carp.[2]

The name "Vermillion River" (La Tuque (urban agglomeration)) was officially registered on December 5, 1968 the Bank of place names in Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Québec).

History[edit]

1651 arrival of the first white to Indian territory in Atikamekw evangilisation goal of the Catholic religion. About 550 Indians occupy the shores of Saint-Maurice River. Father Jacques Buteux (first Jesuit missionary in the region) was one of the first European victims of Iroquois raids.

Late eighteenth century: The Atikamekws war against the Iroquois and victims of epidemics of smallpox, are almost completely destroyed. These nomadic assiduously frequented the trading posts installed by the Hudson's Bay Company.

1680: the fur grows. Thirty whites roamed the land. The North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company intensify often treated at the expense of the natives. The posts were installed to control the Rivière aux Rats (Mauricie) in La Tuque (1700), the Vermillion River, Parent and Weymontachie.

Mid-nineteenth century: With forestry, colonization of the Upper-Mauricie by non-indigenous begins.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Natural Resources Canada > Atlas of Canada > Rivers Archived January 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b "Commission de toponymie du Quebec (Geographical Names Board of Québec) - Bank of place names - Vermilion River (La Tuque)". 
  3. ^ Names and places of Quebec, the work of the Geographical Names Board published in 1994 and 1996 as an illustrated dictionary printed, and in that of a CD produced by Micro - Intel in 1997 from this dictionary.
  4. ^ Geographical audit performed in January 2014 by this historian Gaétan Veillette (Saint-Hubert, QC)