|Locale||Vermont, New Hampshire, and New York|
|Dates of operation||1964 to present–|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The Vermont Railway (reporting mark VTR) is a shortline railroad in Vermont and eastern New York, operating much of the former Rutland Railway. It is the main part of the Vermont Rail System, which also owns the Green Mountain Railroad, the Rutland's branch to Bellows Falls. The trackage is owned by the Vermont Agency of Transportation except in New York, where VTR operates a line owned by the Boston and Maine Corporation. The rail line employs about 150 people in Vermont.
The Rutland Railway was the only north-south line through western Vermont. A strike shut it down on September 25, 1961. The government of Vermont purchased the main line south of Burlington, as well as a branch to Bennington, 128.6 miles (207.0 km) total, and the new Vermont Railway, incorporated on October 25, 1963, began operations on January 6, 1964. The company's first president was Jay Wulfson, who came from the Middletown and New Jersey Railroad.
During the early years of the Vermont Railway, money was spent replacing old locomotives and rolling stock the railroad had inherited from the Rutland. It bought several locomotives, both new and used. It also leased several hundred freight cars.
The railroad continued to expand, entering the intermodal business in 1965, and acquiring the Clarendon and Pittsford Railroad in 1972, which gave VTR access to a limestone plant near Florence, Vermont. VTR retained the Clarendon and Pittsford name as a separate legal entity operating the acquired trackage. In the late 1970s several senior officials died, including Wulfson. The railroad grossed more than $2 million in revenues for the first time. Net earnings were about $20,000 a year, which was spent in improving the railroad.
In 1982, VTR repaid the state of Vermont for the trackage the state had bought in 1964 to allow VTR to begin operations. A year later, VTR bought 23.7 miles (38.1 km) of track between Rutland and Whitehall, New York from the Delaware and Hudson Railway and assigned it to its Clarendon and Pittsford subsidiary. The track was severely deteriorated at the time of purchase, with track speeds as low as 6 miles per hour (9.7 km/h) over the entire line. During the first years after the purchase, a rehabilitation project was begun, upgrading the roadbed as well as the track and ties. Since the line was upgraded to higher standards, Whitehall has become a major interchange point between VTR and the D&H (now Canadian Pacific after their acquisition of the D&H).
In 1997, the Vermont Railway purchased the Green Mountain Railroad, which ran 52.2 miles (84.0 km) from Rutland to Bellows Falls. This led to the formation of an umbrella company, named the Vermont Rail System, which owned both railroads, as well as several other shortlines in Vermont and New York.
VTR planned to construct a new 3.3-mile (5.3 km) spur line in Middlebury, Vermont, to serve a quarry. In early 2011, the company created a new subsidiary railroad called the Otter Creek Railroad to purchase land and construct trackage in preparation for construction to begin in early 2013, with a late 2014 completion date. The quarry cancelled the project in August 2012 because it was no longer economically viable.
The VRS owns and operates the following rail lines:
- Connecticut River Line (104 mi (167 km) Newport, Vermont to White River Junction). This is speed-limited by the slowest track in the system to FRA class 1: 10 miles per hour (16 km/h) for freight; 15 miles per hour (24 km/h) for passengers.
The Vermont Railway moves a wide variety of freight, as well as furnishing track to an Amtrak passenger train, the Ethan Allen Express. VTR moves large amounts of stone products from quarries in western Vermont, largely limestone in the form of slurry from OMYA mines north of Rutland. VTR also moves large amounts of petroleum products into Vermont, including unit trains of fuel oil from Albany, New York, to Burlington.
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|Number||Type||Power||Manufacturer and date manufactured||Notes|
|201||GP38-2||2,000 hp||EMD, 1972|
|202||EMD GP38-2||2,000 hp||EMD, 1974||Washington County Railroad paintwork|
|203||EMD GP38||2,000 hp||EMD, 19xx||ex MEC 256|
|204||EMD GP38||2,000 hp||EMD, 1973||Ex CSX 2528 Ex SCL 528|
|205||EMD GP38||2,000 hp||EMD, 1971||Ex CSX 2158 Ex L&N 4028. Carries New York and Ogdensburg Railway logo.|
|206||EMD GP38-3||2,000 hp||EMD, unknown build date|
|207||EMD GP38-3||2,000 hp||EMD, 1969||Ex NS 2718 Ex SOU 2718|
|303||EMD GP40-2||3,000 hp||EMD, 1977||Ex B&M 314|
|307||EMD GP40-2||3,000 hp||EMD, 1984||Ex SSW 7255|
|308||EMD GP40-2||3,000 hp||EMD, 1977||Ex B&M 303|
|310||EMD GP40-2WB||3,000 hp||EMD, 1976||Ex CN 9650|
|311||EMD GP40-2WB||3,000 hp||EMD, 1976||Ex CN 9662|
|312||EMD MP15||1,500 hp||EMD||Leased from GATX|
|316||EMD MP15||1,500 hp||EMD||Leased from GATX|
|318||EMD MP15||1,500 hp||EMD||Leased from GATX|
|431||EMD SD70M-2||4,300 hp||EMD, 2006||Ex-FEC 101|
|432||EMD SD70M-2||4,300 hp||EMD, 2006||Ex-FEC 103|
|801||EMD GP18||1,800 hp||EMD, 1961||Ex TP&W 600|
|802||EMD GP16||1,600 hp||EMD, 19xx||Ex xx|
|9000||EMD SD60||3,800 hp||EMD, 1984||Leased from GMTX. Shared with the Providence and Worcester Railroad.||–|
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These units of the Vermont Railway are no longer on the railroad. They have either have been sold to other railways or have been scrapped for parts.
|1||44 Ton||380 hp||Built by General Electric in April 1946, #28487, as Middletown and New Jersey Railroad 1. It was sold as VTR 1 in 1964 and returned as M&NJ 1 in 1965.|
|5||EMD SW1||600 hp||Built in 1940 as Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad #433. Later sold to Erie Lackawanna Railway as #355. Bought by VTR in 1956 then sold for use in Canada in 1966.|
|6||ALCO S-4||1000 hp||Built in 1953 as Chesapeake and Ohio Railway #5107. Sold to Gulf Oil in the late 1970s.|
|10||44 Ton||380 hp||It was sold as VTR 10 in 1964 and then resold as Livonia, Avon and Lakeville Railroad #10 in 1965. It was later retired and scrapped.|
|97||2-8-0||Built by Alco-Cooke in 1923, #65188, for planned sale to Cuba. It was sold and shipped on March 5, 1926, to the Birmingham Southern Railroad as #200. It was sold again to Stephen D. Bogen in 1963 and operated as VTR #97 in 1964. It was transferred to the Valley Railroad of Connecticut as #97 in 1970.|
|301||EMD GP40||3,000 hp||Built in 1967 as Atlanta and West Point Railroad as #401. It later became Western Railway of Alabama #401 and became Seaboard System Railroad #401 in January 1983. It was renumbered #6790 in 1984 and became CSX Transportation #6790 in April 1986. It was later sold as VTR #301. In late 2015, it was sold to GMTX as #3010 with four other Vermont Rail System GP40s as deal for FEC SD70M-2s 431/432.|
|381||EMD GP60||3,800 hp||Built by Electro-Motive in May 1990 as Texas Mexican Railway #869. It was sold as Helm Leasing Corp #7700 and resold as VTR 381. It was returned as Helm 7700 in September 2004 and sold to the BNSF Railway as #168 in August 2011.|
|401||ALCO RS-1||1,000 hp||Built in October 1951 as Rutland Railroad #401. It was sold as VTR 401 in January 1964 and resold as Consumers Power Co, no number, in January 1967. It is now at the Saginaw Railway Museum.|
|402||ALCO RS-1||1,000 hp||Built in 1951 as Rutland Railroad #402. It became VTR #402 in 1964. It was sold to the Sabine River and Northern Railroad in June 1972.|
|403||ALCO RS-1||1,000 hp||Built in 1951 as Rutland Railroad #403. It became VTR #403 in 1964. It was sold to the Sabine River and Northern Railroad in June 1972.|
|404||ALCO RS-1||1,000 hp||Built in December 1946 as Duluth South Shore & Atlantic 102. It became Soo Line Railroad #102 in January 1961 and traded in to General Electric in November 1967. It was sold as VTR #404 in April 1968 and resold to Sabine River & Northern 104 in June 1972.|
|501||EMD SW1500||1,500 hp||Built by Electro-Motive in September 1966 and was bought new. It was sold to the Lancaster and Chester Railroad as #95 in May 1996.|
|601||ALCO RS-3||1,600 hp||Built in July 1951 as Lehigh and Hudson River Railway #12. It was sold as VTR #601 in November 1969 and sold to the Batten Kill Railroad in 1984 where it was cannibalized for parts and later scrapped.|
|603||ALCO RS-3||1,600 hp||Built in August 1952 as Delaware and Hudson Railway #4091. It was sold as VTR #603 in March 1972. It was sold as Spencerville & Elgin #603 in 1984 and resold to the Indiana Hi-Rail Corporation as #603 in 1991. It was later sold to the Carrollton-Oneida-Minerva Railroad as #603.|
|604||ALCO RS-3||1,600 hp||Built in 1952 as Delaware and Hudson Railway #4098. It was sold to VTR in April 1972 as #604. It was later returned to the Delaware and Hudson.|
|605||ALCO RS-3||1,600 hp||Built in November 1950 as Lehigh and Hudson River Railway #10. In 1972 it was sold to the St. Johnsbury and Lamoille County Railroad as #205. In 1976 it was sold to VTR as #605, and in 1984 it was sold to Batten Kill Railroad as #605.|
|602/606||ALCO RS-3||1,600 hp||Built in June 1950 as Lehigh and Hudson River Railway #3. It was sold to VTR as #602 in December 1970 and later renumbered 606 in 1979. It was later sold as S&E 606 in 1984 and sold as COM 606. It was scrapped in 2004.|
|751||EMD GP9||1,750 hp||Built in April 1954 as Cleveland Union Terminal #5901. It was sold to Conrail in April 1976 and renumbered #7301. It was sold as VTR #751 in July 1981. Later on, it was sold to the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad #1751 and was later renumbered #58.|
- Vermont Agency of Transportation, Vermont Rail Network, accessed February 2009
- Usatch, Brad (November 23, 2016). "Railroading sees a bit of rebirth". The Chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 1A. 27A. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Edward A. Lewis, American Shortline Railway Guide, 5th edition, Kalmbach Publishing, 1996, p. 322
- Jones, Robert C. (2006). Vermont Rail System: A Railroad Renaissance. Evergreen Press. ISBN 0-9667264-5-6.
- ""Otter Creek Railroad" to Build Middlebury Spur in 2013". Vermont Rail Action Network. 7 February 2011. Archived from the original on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
- Edwards, Bruce (28 August 2012). "Omya rail spur sidetracked indefinitely". Times Argus. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Vermont Rail System acquires six-axle EMD power". Trains Magazine. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2015.