U.S. Route 2 in Vermont

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Vermont Route 116A)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the section of U.S. Route 2 in Vermont. For the entire route, see U.S. Route 2.

U.S. Route 2 marker

U.S. Route 2
Theodore Roosevelt Highway[1]
Map of northern Vermont with US 2 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT and VTrans
Length: 150.52 mi[4] (242.24 km)
US 2 continues west into New York for 0.88 miles (1.42 km)[2]
Existed: 1926[3] – present
Major junctions
West end: US 11 in Rouses Point, NY
 
East end: US 2 at Lancaster, NH
Location
Counties: Grand Isle, Chittenden, Washington, Caledonia, Essex
Highway system

State highways in Vermont

VT F-10A VT 3
VT 116 VT 116A VT 117
VT 346 VT F-1 VT F-2
NY 1X NY NY 2

U.S. Route 2 (US 2) is a part of the U.S. Highway System that is split into two segments. Its eastern segment runs from Rouses Point, New York, to Houlton, Maine. In Vermont, US 2 extends 151.604 miles (243.983 km) from the New York state line in Alburgh to the New Hampshire state line in Guildhall. West of Vermont, US 2 continues into New York for another 0.88 miles (1.42 km) to an intersection with US 11 in Rouses Point. US 2 passes through the cities of Burlington and Montpelier as it traverses the state. The Burlington to Montpelier route was first laid out as a toll road in the early 19th century. It was later incorporated into the transcontinental auto trail known as the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway in 1919 before being designated as part of US 2 in 1926.

Although the portion of the road from Alburgh to Burlington follows a north-south alignment, US 2 is signed east (heading south during this portion) and west (heading north), making it the longest east-west signed route in the state.

Route description[edit]

U.S. Route 2 in Vermont

The eastern segment of US 2 begins in New York at an intersection with US 11 just one mile (1.6 km) south of the Canadian border in Rouses Point. From there, it crosses Lake Champlain into Grand Isle County, Vermont, traversing the length of the county and crossing Lake Champlain over several bridges until it reaches the mainland in Milton and Chittenden County. From there it travels south to Burlington, where it begins to closely parallel Interstate 89 and the Winooski River all the way to Montpelier and Washington County. In Montpelier, the main route bypasses the downtown area using Memorial Drive, while a business loop using State Street serves downtown. After leaving Montpelier, the road turns north-eastward, crossing into Caledonia County and passing through Saint Johnsbury. It then passes into rural Essex County, and eventually crosses the Connecticut River from Guildhall, Vermont into Lancaster, New Hampshire.

History[edit]

An improved road between the main settlements of Burlington and Montpelier was first established from old footpaths in 1805, when the 36-mile (58 km) Winooski Turnpike was chartered by the state of Vermont. The old turnpike road utilized the relatively flat banks of the Winooski River to connect the two major towns and opened to traffic several years after the company was chartered. The road ceased operating as a toll road several decades later in 1852, when the road became publicly owned.[5] The route of the old Winooski Turnpike between Burlington and Montpelier was later incorporated into the old Theodore Roosevelt International Highway. This cross-country auto trail, named in honor of recently deceased ex-president and naturalist Theodore Roosevelt, was organized in February 1919 to connect Portland, Maine with Portland, Oregon.[6] Within Vermont, the auto trail used what is now US 2 from Vermont Route 129 (VT 129) south of Alburgh center to VT 18 east of St. Johnsbury center.[7]

Before being designated as US 2, the current alignment was part of several inter-state routes of the 1922 New England road marking system. From Danville eastward to the state line, the US 2 alignment was part of Route 15; it was part of Route 18 between Montpelier and Danville; it used Route 14 between Burlington and Montpelier; and it used Route 30 between Alburgh and Burlington.[8] When the plans for the U.S. Highway System were first drawn up in 1925, US 2 began in Alburgh and was routed along the Roosevelt Highway from Alburgh to Montpelier. Both US 2 and the Roosevelt Highway connected Montpelier to St. Johnsbury; however, the Roosevelt Highway used a direct path along former Route 18 while US 2 was initially assigned to then-Route 25 (modern US 302) to Wells River, where it overlapped proposed US 5 north to St. Johnsbury. From St. Johnsbury, the Roosevelt Highway turned southeast towards Portland along modern VT 18 while US 2 continued east along former Route 15 to Bangor.[9] No changes were made to US 2 in the final system plan approved on November 11, 1926.[3] US 2 was relocated onto its modern alignment along the original Roosevelt Highway route between Montpelier and St. Johnsbury in the mid-1930s. The original alignment of US 2 became part of the newly designated US 302.[10][11]

Initially, Rouses Point, New York, and Alburgh, Vermont, were connected by way of a ferry across the Richelieu River. The ferry ran from the center of Rouses Point to Vermont's Windmill Point, where it connected to VT F-1, an east–west route linking Windmill Point to Alburgh.[12] When US 2 was assigned, it was overlaid on the pre-existing VT F-1, following the route and the ferry to the New York state line, where US 2 initially ended.[13] In 1937, a new tolled swing bridge across the Richelieu River opened, carrying an extended US 2 between US 11 in Rouses Point and Alburgh. The swing bridge was replaced with a toll-free permanent bridge on September 22, 1987.[14]

Major intersections[edit]

The short continuation of US 2 into New York is included below.

County Location mi[4][2] km Destinations Notes
Clinton Rouses Point 0.00 0.00 US 11 to NY 9B / I-87 – Rouses Point, Canada To A-15 – Montreal
Lake Champlain 0.88
0.000
1.42
0.000
  • Korean Veterans Memorial Bridge[1]
  • New York–Vermont state line
Grand Isle Alburgh 3.152 5.073 VT 225 – Noyan, QC
6.234 10.033 VT 78 – Swanton
11.633 18.721 VT 129 – Isle Lamotte
Grand Isle 25.609 41.214 VT 314 – Grand Isle Station, NY via Ferry
South Hero 28.504 45.873 VT 314 – NY State via Ferry
Chittenden Colchester 38.658–
38.921
62.214–
62.637
I‑89 – Winooski, Burlington, Georgia, St. Albans, Montreal Exit 17 on I-89
39.011 62.782 US 7 north – Milton Western end of concurrency with US 7
41.901 67.433 VT 2A – Essex Junction
42.095 67.745 To VT 2A south – Essex Junction Unsigned VT 127
43.542 70.074 VT 127 west (Blakely Road)
45.286–
45.358
72.881–
72.997
I‑89 – St. Albans, Champlain Islands, Burlington Exit 16 on I-89
Winooski 46.369 74.624 VT 15 (E. Allen Street) to I‑89 south – Essex Junction Roundabout
Burlington 47.672 76.721
US 7 Alt. (Riverside Avenue at Hyde Street)
48.612 78.233 US 7 south (S. Willard Street) – Shelburne Eastern end of concurrency with US 7
South Burlington 49.619–
49.920
79.854–
80.338
I‑89 – Winooski, St. Albans, Montpelier Exit 14 on I-89
50.447 81.187 VT 116 (Hinesburg Road)
Williston 53.777 86.546 VT 2A – Essex Junction, Hinesburg
Richmond 59.201 95.275 VT 117 – Essex Junction
59.234–
59.399
95.328–
95.593
I‑89 – Burlington, Waterbury, Montpelier Exit 11 on I-89
Washington Waterbury 74.080 119.220 VT 100 north to I‑89 – Stowe, Morrisville Western end of concurrency with VT 100
Moretown 75.395 121.336 VT 100 south – Waitsfield, Warren Eastern end of concurrency with VT 100
Middlesex 79.819 128.456 VT 100B – Moretown, Waitsfield, Warren
Montpelier 85.767 138.029
US 2 Bus. (State Street)
85.942 138.310 Montpelier State Highway (Memorial Drive) to I‑89 – Burlington, White River Junction Exit 8 on I-89
86.368 138.996
US 2 Bus. / VT 12 – Worcester, Northfield
88.092 141.770 US 302 Roundabout
East Montpelier 92.781 149.317 VT 14 south – Barre Western end of concurrency with VT 14
92.988 149.650 VT 14 north – North Montpelier, Hardwick Eastern end of concurrency with VT 14
Plainfield 95.831 154.225 VT 214 – North Montpelier
Marshfield 103.213 166.105 VT 215 – Lower Cabot, Cabot
104.350 167.935 VT 232 – Groton
Caledonia Danville 112.554 181.138 VT 15 – Walden, Hardwick
118.219 190.255 VT 2B
St. Johnsbury 121.625–
122.252
195.736–
196.746

I‑91 / US 2 Truck – White River Junction, Newport
Exit 21 on I-91
122.569 197.256 VT 2B
123.558 198.847 US 5 south (Railroad Street) Western end of concurrency with US 5
123.672 199.031 US 5 north (Railroad Street) Eastern end of concurrency with US 5
126.506 203.592 VT 18 to I‑91 / I‑93 – Waterford, Littleton NH
Essex Guildhall 150.416 242.071 VT 102 – Guildhall, Bloomfield
150.518 242.235 US 2 – Lancaster, Bangor ME Continuation into New Hampshire
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Suffixed routes[edit]

Vermont Route 2A[edit]

Vermont Route 2A
Location: St. George-Colchester
Length: 13.853 mi[4] (22.294 km)

VT 2A (13.853 miles or 22.294 kilometres) is a largely alternate route of US 2 between St. George and Colchester. It begins at VT 116 in St. George and continues north and west through Williston and Essex Junction before ending at US 2 and US 7 in Colchester.[4] Much of the portion of VT 2A that runs through Williston has been expanded from two lanes to four, particularly the stretch between US 2 and Interstate 89 (I-89), to accommodate the many restaurants, offices, and stores that have been developed there.

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Chittenden County.

Location mi[4] km Destinations Notes
St. George 0.000 0.000 VT 116 – Hinesburg, Bristol, South Burlington
Williston 4.911–
4.994
7.903–
8.037
I‑89 – Burlington, Montpelier Exit 12 (I-89)
5.703 9.178 US 2 – Airport, South Burlington, Williston
Essex Junction 8.591 13.826 VT 15 (Pearl Street/Main Street) / VT 117 (Maple Street) Western terminus of VT 117
Essex 10.624 17.098 VT 289 Exit 7 on VT 289; current western terminus of VT 289
Colchester 13.626 21.929 To US 2 / US 7 south (VT 127) – Winooski, Malletts Bay, Burlington
13.853 22.294 US 2 / US 7 north – Colchester, Milton
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Vermont Route 2B[edit]

Vermont Route 2B
Location: Danville-St. Johnsbury
Length: 3.459 mi[4] (5.567 km)

Vermont Route 2B is an alternate route of US 2 between Danville and St. Johnsbury.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b State of Vermont Board of Libraries (April 28, 2008). "Vermont Named State Highways and Bridges" (PDF). Department of Libraries, State of Vermont. Retrieved April 1, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "2008 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 80. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b United States System of Highways (Map). United States Department of Agriculture. November 11, 1926. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Traffic Research Unit (May 2013). "2012 (Route Log) AADTs for State Highways" (PDF). Policy, Planning and Intermodal Development Division, Vermont Agency of Transportation. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  5. ^ Wood, F.J. (1919). The Turnpikes of New England. Boston: Marshall Jones Company. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  6. ^ Skidmore, Max J. (2006). Moose Crossing: Portland to Portland on the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway. Hamilton Books. ISBN 0-7618-3510-5. 
  7. ^ United States Touring Map (Map). Automobile Club of America. 1924. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  8. ^ Automobile Blue Book (Vol. 1), 1926 and 1927 eds., (Automobile Blue Book, Inc., Boston)
  9. ^ Report of Joint Board on Interstate Highways, October 30, 1925, Approved by the Secretary of Agriculture, November 18, 1925
  10. ^ Texaco Road Map – New England (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Texas Oil Company. 1933. 
  11. ^ Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association. 
  12. ^ Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company of New York. 1930. 
  13. ^ Weingroff, Richard (January 9, 2009). "U.S. 2: Houlton, Maine, to Everett, Washington". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  14. ^ Faber, Harold (September 21, 1987). "New York and Vermont Get New Toll-Free Bridge". The New York Times. p. B2. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing


U.S. Route 2
Previous state:
Terminus
New York and Vermont Next state:
New Hampshire