Vern Buchanan

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Vern Buchanan
Vern Buchanan Official.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 16th district
13th (2007–2013)
Assumed office
January 3, 2007
Preceded by Katherine Harris
Personal details
Born Vernon Gale Buchanan
(1951-05-08) May 8, 1951 (age 67)
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Sandy Buchanan
Education Cleary University (BA)
University of Detroit (MBA)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Air Force
Unit Michigan

Vernon Gale Buchanan (born May 8, 1951) is a member of the United States House of Representatives. He has represented Florida's 16th congressional district since 2007. He is a member of the Republican Party. Rep. Buchanan is the only member from Florida on the House Ways and Means Committee, which has jurisdiction over tax policy, international trade, health care, and Social Security. Prior to serving in Congress, Buchanan was in business for over 30 years and was the chairman of both the Greater Sarasota Chamber of Commerce and the Florida Chamber of Commerce. He served as member of the board and the executive committee of the United States Chamber of Commerce.

Early life and education[edit]

Buchanan grew up in a small town outside Detroit, Michigan, the son of a factory foreman in a family of six children.[1][2] His maternal grandparents immigrated to the United States from Finland.[3] When he graduated from high school in 1969, he joined the Michigan Air National Guard, serving there for six years. Buchanan got a bachelor's degree in Business Administration from Cleary University, in Michigan, and a Masters in Business Administration from the University of Detroit.

Business career[edit]

In June 2007, Buchanan, in his financial disclosure filing, reported having over $100 million in assets, making him among the five wealthiest members of Congress. Most of his wealth is from his automotive empire, which includes several dealerships in Florida. He also reported ownership interests in about fifty other businesses, including offshore reinsurance companies, and a charter-jet business. He reported receiving at least $19.5 million in income from these businesses in 2006.[4]

American Speedy Printing[edit]

In May 1976, Buchanan convinced the owner of a Michigan printing company that he could help the business grow. The two founded American Speedy Printing, which grew through franchising to more than 730 stores in 44 states. Later, Buchanan and American Speedy were defendants in a string of lawsuits during the late 1980s and early 1990s by franchisees and master franchisees, who said they were not making the money that Buchanan had said they could expect. After the bankruptcy, he was accused by a creditors committee of taking excessive compensation and actions that resulted in overstated earnings for American Speedy. In a 1995 deposition, he said that he had no personal obligation to repay the loan from Merrill Lynch; a dispute with the Internal Revenue Service over taxes on the money Buchanan received from Merrill Lynch stretched through the 1990s. Buchanan, his business partner, and Merrill Lynch were sued violating the Michigan Corporation Act. It ended with Buchanan paying $1.5 million.[5]

Car dealerships[edit]

In 1992, Buchanan bought a Honda and Acura dealership in Ocala, Florida. In late 1999, he bought two more dealerships. He continued to acquire dealerships after that, but in 2006 he sold five dealerships and other businesses in order to concentrate on politics.[1] His dealerships had $756 million in sales in 2005.[5] His Venice Dodge was one of the dealerships informed by Chrysler that it would not get its franchise renewed.[6]

Reinsurance companies[edit]

Buchanan owns two reinsurance companies — Jamat Reinsurance Co. and Buchanan Reinsurance Co., in Turks and Caicos, and part of the Bermuda reinsurance company Greater Atlantic Insurance Co. The three companies offer extended warranty policies to car buyers. Buchanan invests some of the proceeds from his reinsurance companies in real estate developments in the Bahamas.[7]

Ritz-Carlton[edit]

In 1999, Buchanan was approached to help to finance the Ritz-Carlton condo-hotel development in Sarasota. Buchanan was cut out of the project. The developers, Robert Buford and Kevin Daves, said he lied about his financial means. Buchanan sued and the parties settled in 2001.[8] Per a structured settlement, Buchanan bought a condo from a nephew of Buford's for $5 million; the nephew had purchased it the day before for $2.368 million. Buchanan owned the unit a little more than a year and then sold it to another member of Buford's family for $6.35 million. The arrangement resulted in Buchanan paying taxes on his gain at the reduced long-term capital gains rate. Buford benefited from the apartment's increased appraised value and the use of Buchanan's $5 million.[8] In the year he owned the penthouse, Buchanan used it for charity fundraisers.[8]

Political campaigns[edit]

2006[edit]

Primary election[edit]

Buchanan ran in the 13th congressional district in Florida to replace incumbent Republican Katherine Harris, who was the Republican nominee for the U.S. Senate. Buchanan won the Republican primary with 32% of the vote, against four opponents. His closest challengers were Nancy C. Detert, with 25% of the vote, and Tramm Hudson, with 24%.

In the November general election, Buchanan faced Democrat Christine Jennings, a banking executive. There were 216,000 registered Republicans and about 155,000 registered Democrats in the district,[9] but Jennings polled ahead of Buchanan up to election day.[10] Buchanan put more than $5 million of his own money into his campaign.[1]

In October, Vice President Dick Cheney held a fund raising luncheon for Buchanan;[11] later that month, President Bush held a fund raising reception for him.[12] Between the two events, Governor Jeb Bush, Senator Martinez, and Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney came to the district to campaign for Buchanan.[13]

Republican primary results[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vern Buchanan 20,918 32.33
Republican Nancy Detert 15,804 24.43
Republican Tramm Hudson 15,535 24.01
Republican Mark Flanagan 6,465 9.99
Republican Donna Clarke 5,972 9.23
Total votes 64,694 100.00

General election[edit]

Initial results of the November election showed Buchanan leading by less than 350 votes. Due to the closeness of the race, and a high undervote of 18,000 in Sarasota County, a recount was ordered. Voters in Sarasota County had given more votes to a hospital board than they had to their Congressional representative—with 13% of voters not voting, compared to an average of 2% in neighboring counties.[10] The touch-screen voting machines used provided no paper record.[10] On November 20, 2006, the Florida Department of State certified the results of the recount, which showed Buchanan winning by 369 votes.

Jennings challenged the results of the election in court, citing "pervasive malfunctioning of electronic voting machines."[10] In December 2006, a Florida circuit judge ruled that her claim that voting machines in Sarasota County lost up to 18,000 votes was "conjecture" and didn't warrant overriding the trade secrets of the voting machine company. In June 2007, a Florida state appellate court ruled that Jennings did not meet the "extraordinary burden" of proving the lower court judge was wrong.[15] Another suit, filed by voters represented by Voter Action, People For the American Way Foundation, the ACLU of Florida, and the Electronic Frontier Foundation[16] was also dismissed.

The U.S. House of Representatives had the right to make the final determination as to whether Buchanan will hold the seat for the remainder of the term or be replaced by Jennings. In April, a three-person House task force was created to evaluate the election.[17] In early May, the task force voted along party lines to refer an investigation into Florida's 13th district House race to the Government Accountability Office (GAO).[18] On February 25, 2008, the committee and the House accepted the GAO's findings that no machine error was demonstrated as sufficient to have altered the outcome of the election. The House passed HR 989 affirming the findings of the committee, accepting the results of the 2006 race and formally dismissing Jennings' challenge of the election's results. Jennings formally dropped her challenge shortly thereafter to focus on her 2008 rematch against Buchanan.[19]

{{Election box begin no change| title=Florida's 13th Congressional District Election (2006)

|- | style="background-color: #E81B23; width: 2px;" | | style="width: 130px" | Republican | | Vern Buchanan | style="text-align:right;" | 119,309 | style="text-align:right;" | 50.08 |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #3333FF; width: 2px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | Democratic | class="fn" | Christine Jennings | style="text-align:right;" | 118,940 | style="text-align:right;" | 49.92 |- |- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" ! colspan="3" style="text-align:right;" | Total votes | style="text-align:right;" | 238,249 | style="text-align:right;" | 100.00 |-


|- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" ! colspan="3" style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | Turnout | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | {{{votes}}} | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | |- |- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" | style="background-color: #E81B23" | | colspan="4" | Republican hold |-


|}

2008[edit]

Buchanan, won narrowly in 2006, but was easily re-elected in a 2008 rematch with Christine Jennings. He received 55% of the vote to 38% for Jennings.[20] On election night in 2008 Buchanan said, "What a difference two years makes."[21]

2010[edit]

In May 2009, Buchanan announced that he would be a candidate for re-election to Congress.[22] He defeated Don Baldauf in the Republican primary, and faced Democratic nominee The Reverend James T. Golden in the General. Buchanan won the 2010 General Election for Florida's 13th Congressional District with 68.9% of the vote.[23]

2012[edit]

Ethics ruling[edit]

On July 2012, the House Ethics Committee cleared Buchanan of charges that he violated House rules by misleading Congress in his financial disclosure forms.[24] After the issue was raised, Buchanan submitted revised forms.[25] The committee "found no evidence that the errors were knowing or willful and unanimously determined that the errors were not substantively different from the hundreds or thousands of errors corrected by amendment at the requirement of the Committee every year."[24]

In 2008, the watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) filed an Federal Elections Commission (FEC) complaint, alleging "straw donors" to Buchanan's campaign (campaign contributions from Buchanan's employees for which they were then reimbursed); in 2011, CREW requested a U.S. Department of Justice investigation.[25] (The group also named Buchanan to its annual "most corrupt members of Congress" list for 2008, 2009, 2011, and 2012).[26]

By 2012, Buchanan was being investigated on the House Ethics Committee, FEC, Justice Department, and Office of Congressional Ethics, over two separate allegations of campaign finance misconduct: that he had violated federal law and House rules by coercing a former business partner to sign a false affidavit to the FEC, and that he had illegally reimbursed car-dealership employees for campaign contributions.[27][28] The latter allegation was also raised in a lengthy and acrimonious legal dispute with Sam Kazran, Buchanan's former business partner, who alleged that Buchanan engaged in a "cash swap scheme" in which employees were directed to write checks to Buchanan's campaign fund, then reimbursed by the company.[28]

In 2012, the Justice Department ended its 11-month investigation with no criminal charges.[29] The FEC also ended its investigation by 2012.[25] Kazran agreed to pay $5,500 in fines "for improperly funneling money to Buchanan's campaign committee,"[25] and in May 2013 three men and two Tampa companies were fined a total of $16,000 by the FEC for illegal campaign contributions to Buchanan.[30][31] In 2016, after a four-year inquiry, the House Ethics Committee ended its investigation, finding "insufficient evidence" of wrongdoing on Buchanan's part.[27][25]

Kazran filed a separate breach of contract lawsuit against Buchanan in Florida state court; Buchanan prevailed in that litigation.[32][33]

Beginning in 2008, Buchanan faced lawsuits by six former employees, who alleged "conspiracy, fraud, and retaliatory personnel actions" as well as the hiring of undocumented immigrants and consumer fraud.[34] However, none of those cases made it to trial and by 2011 most had been "dismissed with no judgments against Buchanan."[35]

On June 23, 2016, the House Ethics Committee released this statement, concluding its investigation into Congressman Buchanan: "Because the evidence is insufficient to conclude that Representative Buchanan himself was aware of the unlawful reimbursements at the time they occurred, or had any role in directing or approving of them, and the evidence is insufficient to find that Representative Buchanan attempted to improperly influence the testimony of Mr. Kazran before the FEC, the Committee has determined to take no further action in this matter, and upon publication of this Report,considers the matter closed."

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

110th Congress (2007–2009)[edit]

Buchanan was sworn in as Representative for Florida's 13th Congressional District on January 3, 2007. Congressional Quarterly noted that Buchanan voted in support of President Bush's legislative agenda 66 percent of the time in 2007, the third lowest rate of the 16 members of Florida's Republican congressional delegation.[36]

Buchanan secured federal funding of $2 million for reimbursement for cleanup efforts in Anna Maria Island and $4 million for cleaning up Wares Creek in Manatee County.[37][38]

Buchanan introduced a constitutional amendment in January 2007 which would require Congress to pass a balanced budget if ratified.[39] He introduced legislation to create a US Postage stamp honoring and assisting disabled veterans, as well as secured funding for the construction of a national veterans' cemetery in Sarasota County.[40][41] Additionally, Buchanan introduced a bill to increase federal assistance for fighting gang crime and secured grant funding for local anti-gang efforts in Manatee County.[42][43]

As of July 2008, Buchanan had voted to override five of President Bush's vetoes of legislation passed by the 110th Congress. These override votes included a vote in support of expanding the coverage range of the SCHIP program, the 2008 farm bill, and the Water Resources Development Act.[44]

On September 29, 2008, Buchanan voted against the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008,[45] but changed his vote to support the bill on the October 3, 2008 second House vote .[46]

111th Congress (2009–2010)[edit]

Buchanan sponsored several bills in the 111th Congress, including House Resolution 1839, a Bill to Amend the Small Business Act to Improve SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives), which was introduced on April 1, 2009. House Resolution 1839 would require the administrator of the Small Business Administration (SBA) to ensure that SCORE increases the proportion of small business mentors from socially or economically disadvantaged backgrounds, establish benchmarks for evaluating its activities and volunteers, and establish a mentoring program of one-on-one advice to small businesses from qualified counselors.[47]

112th Congress (2011–2012)[edit]

In the 112th Congress, Buchanan was named to a seat on the Ways and Means Committee, the only Member from Florida serving on that Committee.[48] He was also asked by NRCC Chairman Pete Sessions to serve as Vice Chairman of the Committee, elevating him to an important leadership post.[49]

In January 2011, Buchanan helped secure the construction of Sarasota National Cemetery through the Department of Veterans Affairs. The cemetery plans include 11,500 grave sites, 16,000 cremain sites and other buildings and structures necessary for funerals for veterans and their families.[50]

In June 2011, the House passed Buchanan's "Military Tribunals for Terrorists Act" as an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012. The amendment, approved by a largely party-line vote of 246–173, largely along party lines, would "require all foreign terrorism suspects to be tried only in military tribunals and never in civilian courts."[51]

In October 2011, Buchanan "played a large role" in the passage of free trade agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea. The treaties were backed by the White House, and a bipartisan majority in Congress.[52]

In December 2011, the House passed H.R. 527, a Buchanan-backed measure to close "loopholes in current law to ensure regulatory agencies will fully account for the effect of new regulations on small businesses before regulations are adopted."[53]

In February 2012, Buchanan supported President Obama's proposal to lower the corporate tax rate from 35% to 28%. In a statement, Buchanan said, "I appreciate the president's willingness to engage on such an important issue."[54]

In 2011, Buchanan, along with Democratic Representative Ed Markey of Massachusetts, introduced the Pill Mill Crackdown Act of 2011, legislation that would require money seized from so-called pill mills to be directed to drug treatment programs; "increase fines and sentences for those convicted of running pill mills"; and make hydrocodone drugs such as Vicodin more difficult to obtain.[55] The bill received bipartisan support in both the House and the Senate (where introduced companion bill was introduced),[55] but never made it out of committee.[56]

113th Congress (2013–2015)[edit]

Committee on Ways and Means

In the 113th Congress, Buchanan introduced a resolution denouncing the international practice of shark finning. Buchanan's resolution calls for a ban on importing shark fins from fisheries that engage in shark finning.[57]

He is a member of the Republican Study Committee,[58] the Congressional Arts Caucus,[59] the Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus[60] and the United States Congressional International Conservation Caucus.[61]

Political positions[edit]

Economy[edit]

Tax reform[edit]

Buchanan voted in favor of Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[62] Buchanan, who has an estimated $55 million in real estate assets, will directly benefit from the loophole that lowers the tax rate on pass-through income from real estate.[63] After the act had passed, Buchanan said the changes were what "Floridians have needed for a long time." The bill also includes a measure, created by Buchanan, to provide tax relief to citrus growers impacted Hurricane Irma.[64]

Foreign issues[edit]

Immigration and refugees[edit]

Buchanan supported President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order to impose bar entry to the U.S. to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries and also supported Trump's executive order to bar federal funding to so-called sanctuary cities, saying ""LONG OVERDUE ... Time to protect Americans."[65]

Social issues[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Buchanan is pro-life.[66]

Domestic issues[edit]

Cannabis[edit]

Buchanan has a "C" rating from NORML for his voting history regarding cannabis-related causes. He is against veterans having access to medical marijuana if recommended by their Veterans Health Administration doctor and if it is legal for medicinal purposes in their state of residence.[67]

Gun policy[edit]

Buchanan characterizes himself as "a strong defender of the Second Amendment, a Life Member of the NRA, and a gun owner and hunter."[68] As of 2017, Buchanan has an "A-" rating from the NRA, indicating a voting record that is generally pro-gun rights.[69] The Florida Center for Investigative Reporting reports that Buchanan received a total of $25,830 for his campaigns in 2010 and 2012 in the form of direct contributions or independent expenditures from NRA-affiliated PACs.[70] As a Congressman, Buchanan has voted in favor of several pieces of legislation to expand gun rights, including a yes vote on H. R. 38, which would enable concealed carry reciprocity among all States if and when it is signed into law.[71] In March 2017, Buchanan voted in favor of the Veterans Second Amendment Protection Act, which, if signed into law, will allow veterans who are considered "mentally incompetent" to purchase ammunition and firearms unless declared a danger by a judge.[72] Buchanan also voted in favor of H.J.Res.40, which successfully used the Congressional Review Act to block implementation of an Obama-era Amendment to the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 that was aimed at preventing the mentally-infirm from legally purchasing firearms.[73]

Following the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Buchanan indicated support for regulation of bump stocks, saying, "Bump stocks generating automatic rates of fire should face the same restrictions as automatic weapons."[74] After the 2018 Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, Giffords, an organization helmed by Gabrielle Giffords, announced that Buchanan was on its "incumbent-defeat priority list" in response to the organization's perception that Republican Congress members are blocking efforts to reduce gun violence.[75]

Personal life[edit]

Buchanan lives in Longboat Key, Florida with his wife of 31 years, Sandy, whom he met while in college. The Buchanans have two sons, James and Matt.[76] James ran unsuccessfully for the Florida House of Representatives in 2018.[77]

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce gave Buchanan its "Spirit of Enterprise" award in 2009. Buchanan is a former board member of the chamber, which endorsed him in the 2006 and 2008 races for the 13th Congressional District seat.[78]

Also in 2009, the Veterans of Foreign Wars gave Buchanan their Legislative Achievement Award for his work on legislation improving the quality of life of active and reserve service members, military retirees, veterans and their families.[79]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lauren Mayk, "Buchanan: Big deals led to big riches", Herald-Tribune, October 31, 2006
  2. ^ "Vern Buchanan Biography". Vern Buchanan Congress. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2014. 
  3. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~battle/reps/buchanan.htm
  4. ^ Duane Marsteller, "One of richest reps in Congress: Vern Buchanan"[permanent dead link], Bradenton Herald, June 16, 2007
  5. ^ a b Lauren Mayk, "A success story that's not so simple: Vern Buchanan's messy departure from American Speedy is a seldom-told tale", Herald Tribune, October 6, 2006
  6. ^ LLC, Chrysler (May 14, 2009). "Exhibit A" (PDF). MSNBC. Retrieved May 16, 2009. 
  7. ^ Michael Bragda, "Use of offshore companies helps Buchanan reduce his tax burden", Herald-Tribune, October 31, 2006
  8. ^ a b c Michael Braga, "Accountants, others question settlement between Buchanan, wealthy developer", Herald-Tribune, September 10, 2006
  9. ^ Jeremy Wallace, "President Pitches In at Buchanan Fundraiser: Bush touts GOP principles at Vern Buchanan event in Sarasota", The Ledger, October 25, 2006
  10. ^ a b c d "Another election mess in Florida", The Economist, December 9, 2006
  11. ^ "Vice President's Remarks at a Luncheon for Vern Buchanan for Congress ", press release, October 6, 2006
  12. ^ "Remarks by the President at Vern Buchanan for Congress Reception", press release, October 24, 2006
  13. ^ "GOP launches rescue mission in Florida race: Once-secure congressional seat now in jeopardy, polls say", Associated Press, October 20, 2006
  14. ^ http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2006/2006house.pdf
  15. ^ "Jennings Dealt Setback In Voting Machine Challenge" Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., CBS local news (cbs4.com), June 18, 2007
  16. ^ "Sarasota Voters File Lawsuit for Re-vote in Congressional Race " Electronic Frontier Foundation, November 21, 2006
  17. ^ Phil Davis,""House Panel to Consider Florida Contest"". Archived from the original on May 3, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2007.  , Associated Press, April 17, 2007
  18. ^ Aaron Blake, "FL-13 task force will turn over investigation to GAO", The Hill, May 3, 2007
  19. ^ Lesley Clark (February 26, 2008). "US House dismisses challenge to Jennings' claim to seat". 
  20. ^ Larry Copeland,"Florida Election Results", "USA Today", November 6, 2008
  21. ^ Zac Anderson,"Buchanan Breezes to a Win", Herald-Tribune", November 5, 2008
  22. ^ Duane Marsteller, "Buchanan Announces Re-Election Bid" Archived May 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Bradenton Herald", May 12, 2009
  23. ^ "FL Dept of State, Division of Elections". Retrieved June 25, 2012. [permanent dead link]
  24. ^ a b Yager, Jordy (July 10, 2012). "House Ethics panel clears Rep. Buchanan". The Hill. 
  25. ^ a b c d e John Bresnahan, House Ethics Committee finds no wrongdoing by Rep. Buchanan, Politico (June 24, 2016).
  26. ^ "Vern Buchanan". CREW'S Most Corrupt. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington. 
  27. ^ a b Rema Rahman, House Ethics Committee Clears Vern Buchanan: Panel cites insufficient evidence against Florida congressman, Roll Call (June 24, 2016).
  28. ^ a b Scott Bronstein & Drew Griffin (June 23, 2012). "Powerful congressman accused of campaign finance violations". CNN. 
  29. ^ Jeremy Wallace, Buchanan campaign says he's been cleared by Justice Department, Sarasota Herald-Tribune (September 11, 2012).
  30. ^ Susan Taylor Martin, FEC fines 3 men, 2 Tampa companies for illegal contributions to Rep. Vern Buchanan,Tampa Bay Times (May 7, 2013).
  31. ^ Kent Cooper, FEC Follows DOJ With Another Fine for Buchanan Contributions, Roll Call (May 6, 2013).
  32. ^ Sara Kennedy, Vern Buchanan scores big legal win in fight with former business partner, Bradenton Herald (November 14, 2014).
  33. ^ Jeremy Wallace, Jury sides with Buchanan against former business partner, Sarasota Herald-Tribune (November 13, 2014).
  34. ^ Friedman, John (August 19, 2008). "Exclusive: Florida GOP Congressman Vern Buchanan Facing Seven Legal Complaints, Accusations Of Wrongdoing From Employees". Huffington Post. 
  35. ^ Jeremy Wallace, Buchanan sheds car dealerships, fueling speculation he may run for U.S. Senate, Sarasota Herald-Tribune (July 3, 2011).
  36. ^ Congressional Quarterly. "2007 Presidential support ratings". Archived from the original on October 31, 2008. Retrieved July 31, 2008. 
  37. ^ Nicholas Azzara (April 8, 2008). "Feds finally pay for '02 renourishing". 
  38. ^ Editorial, Bradenton Herald (February 5, 2008). "A fix on flooding at Wares Creek". 
  39. ^ "H.J. RES 21, Proposing a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution of the United States", Sponsored by Rep. Vern Buchanan, January 31, 2007.
  40. ^ "H.J. CON. RES. 176, Expressing the sense of the Congress that a commemorative postage stamp should be issued to honor our Nation's disabled veterans."
  41. ^ Bradenton Herald staff (September 6, 2007). "Cash for vet cemetery". 
  42. ^ "H.R. 3922, Gang Reduction, Investment, and Prevention Act"
  43. ^ Bradenton Herald (September 14, 2007). "Violent crime grant awarded". 
  44. ^ Jeremy Wallace (July 17, 2008). "Buchanan votes to override another Bush veto". 
  45. ^ "Bailout Roll Call" (PDF). September 29, 2008. Retrieved September 29, 2008. 
  46. ^ MarketWatch. "MarketWatch's top stories of the week Sept. 29 – Oct. 3, 2008". 
  47. ^ A project of the Sunlight Foundation and PPF, "H.R.1839 To Amend the Small Business Act to improve SCORE, and for other purposes, House Joint Resolution 43 Proposing a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, H.Con.Res. 114 Expressing the Sense of the Congress that A Commemorative Postage Stamp Should Be Issued to Honor Our Nation's Disabled Veterans" Archived November 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., April 1, April 22, April 29, 2009,
  48. ^ Wallace, Jeremy (December 10, 2010). "Buchanan scores seat on Ways and Means committee". Sarasota Herald Tribune. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  49. ^ Derby, Kevin (January 14, 2011). "NRCC Names Vern Buchanan Part of Leadership Team". Sunshine State News. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  50. ^ Herald Staff Report (January 12, 2011). "Contract awarded for VA cemetery". Bradenton Herald. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  51. ^ Charles Hoskinson & Josh Gerstein (May 26, 2011). "House wrestles over war on terror". 
  52. ^ Derby, Kevin (October 13, 2011). "Congress Passes Free Trade Agreements With Colombia, Panama and South Korea". Sunshine State News. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  53. ^ Eubanks, Pam (December 2, 2011). "Provision in Buchanan jobs plan passes house". East County Observer. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  54. ^ Derby, Kevin (February 24, 2012). "Vern Buchanan Backs Obama's Call to Lower Corporate Tax Rate". Sunshine State News. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  55. ^ a b Derby, Kevin (November 2, 2011). "Vern Buchanan's Pill Mill Bill Gets Senate Sponsors". Sunshine State News. 
  56. ^ H.R.1065 – Pill Mill Crackdown Act of 2011, 112th Congress (2011–2012).
  57. ^ East, Jim (July 9, 2013). "Buchanan goes after shark fin trade market". Ripon Advance. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  58. ^ "Member List". Retrieved November 6, 2017. 
  59. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Retrieved March 21, 2018. 
  60. ^ "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 
  61. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  62. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah (December 19, 2017). "How Each House Member Voted on the Tax Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  63. ^ Schoen, John W. (December 20, 2017). "Dozens of lawmakers stand to reap a tax windfall due to a GOP loophole". CNBC. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  64. ^ Callihan, Ryan. "Passage of GOP tax plan will aid Florida citrus farmers, Rep. Buchanan says". Bradenton Herald. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  65. ^ Blake, Aaron (January 31, 2017). "Coffman, Gardner join Republicans against President Trump's travel ban; here's where the rest stand". Washington Post. 
  66. ^ Milbank, Dana (May 10, 2016). "For Republicans in Congress, does 'pro-life' extend to fighting Zika?". Washington Post. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  67. ^ "Florida Scorecard". NORML. Retrieved December 24, 2017. 
  68. ^ Buchanan, Vern. "Defend the Second Amendment". ISPY. Vote Smart. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  69. ^ "Vern Buchanan's Political Summary on Issue: Guns". ISPY. Vote Smart. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  70. ^ Aaronson, Trevor (February 20, 2018). "Thoughts, Prayers and NRA Dollars: How the Gun Lobby Supports and Opposes Members of Florida's Congressional Delegation". Florida Center for Investigative Reporting. Florida Center for Investigative Reporting. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  71. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 663". clerk.house.gov. U.S. Federal Government. December 6, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2018. 
  72. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 169". clerk.house.gov. U.S. Federal Government. March 16, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2018. 
  73. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 77". clerk.house.gov. U. S. Federal Government. February 2, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  74. ^ Perry, Mitch (October 5, 2017). "Vern Buchanan indicates preliminary support for restricting 'bump stocks'". Florida Politics. Peter Schorsch. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  75. ^ Peoples, Steve (March 2, 2018). "Giffords gun control group focuses on defeating Ryan, other high-profile Republicans". Wisconsin Gazette. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  76. ^ GOP.Gov., "Official Biography Rep. Vern Buchanan – FL 13" "GOP.gov"
  77. ^ Zac Anderson. "Good wins Democratic primary for Sarasota state House seat – News – Sarasota Herald-Tribune – Sarasota, FL". Heraldtribune.com. Retrieved February 14, 2018. 
  78. ^ Herald Staff Reports "U.S. Chamber Honors Vern Buchanan" Archived March 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., "Bradenton Herald", March 27, 2009
  79. ^ "Buchanan Receives VFW Legislative Achievement Award" Archived April 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., "Zimbio.com", January 21, 2009

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Katherine Harris
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 13th congressional district

2007–2013
Succeeded by
Bill Young
Preceded by
Tom Rooney
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 16th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Gus Bilirakis
R-Florida
United States Representatives by seniority
134th
Succeeded by
Kathy Castor
D-Florida