Vernicia, commonly referred to as tung or tung-oil tree, is a genus in the spurge family Euphorbiaceae, first described as a genus in 1790. It is native to China, Japan, India, and Indochina. The species have often been included within the related genus Aleurites.
They are shrubs or trees growing to 20 m tall. The leaves are alternate, broad, entire to palmately lobed; they may be either deciduous or evergreen. The flowers may be either monoecious or dioecious.
- Vernicia cordata (Thunb.) Airy Shaw. - S Japan; naturalized in Angola + Nepal
- Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy Shaw. - S China, Myanmar, Vietnam; naturalized in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Taiwan, E Himalayas, New South Wales, California, Lesser Antilles, Paraguay, Argentina
- Vernicia montana Lour. - S China, Indochina; naturalized in Angola, Japan, Java, E Himalayas
Cultivation and uses
All three species are cultivated for the oil in their nuts, used in the manufacture of linoleum, paint, varnish, etc.
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
- Loureiro, João de. 1790. Flora Cochinchinensis 2: 541, 586–587 in Latin, highly abbreviated
- Tropicos Vernicia Lour.
- "Vernicia cordata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- Flora of Thailand: Vernicia
- Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
- Flora of China Vol. 11 Page 266 油桐属 you tong shu Vernicia Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 586. 1790.