Vernon, Texas

Coordinates: 34°08′53″N 99°18′00″W / 34.14806°N 99.30000°W / 34.14806; -99.30000
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vernon, Texas
Vernon City Hall
Vernon City Hall
"Steer Our Way!"
Location of Vernon, Texas
Location of Vernon, Texas
Coordinates: 34°08′53″N 99°18′00″W / 34.14806°N 99.30000°W / 34.14806; -99.30000
CountryUnited States
 • Total7.90 sq mi (20.47 km2)
 • Land7.89 sq mi (20.45 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation1,240 ft (380 m)
 • Total10,078
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,300/sq mi (490/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code940
FIPS code48-75308[4]
GNIS feature ID2412151[2]
WebsiteVernon, Texas
A glimpse of downtown Vernon, with Waggoner National Bank in the left background
The Red River Valley Museum is located on the Vernon College campus.

Vernon is a city and the county seat of Wilbarger County, Texas, United States.[5] and as of the 2010 Census had a population of 11,002.


The original town was called Eagle Springs by the indigenous community as early as 1858. After the American Civil War, more settlers began moving in the area, and in 1880, they applied for a post office as Eagle Flat. However, the U.S. Post Office rejected the name, saying too many Texas towns were already called Eagle something. The town then chose the name Vernon, after George Washington's home, Mount Vernon.[6][7]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8.1 sq mi (21.0 km2), of which 0.12% is covered by water.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Vernon has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[8]


Historical population
2022 (est.)9,745−3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2020 census[edit]

Vernon racial composition[10]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 5,023 49.84%
Black or African American (NH) 814 8.08%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 91 0.9%
Asian (NH) 538 5.34%
Some other race (NH) 22 0.22%
Mixed/multiracial (NH) 347 3.44%
Hispanic or Latino 3,243 32.18%
Total 10,078

As of the 2020 United States census, 10,078 people, 4,160 households, and 2,426 families resided in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, 11,660 people, 4,506 households, and 2,946 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,439.2 people/sq mi (555.8/km2). The 5,166 housing units averaged 637.6/sq mi (246.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.33% White, 9.65% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 10.74% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 22.39% of the population.

Of the 4,506 households, 31.3% had children under 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were not families. About 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.44, and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the age distribution was 26.6% under 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,194, and for a family was $36,913. Males had a median income of $25,167 versus $18,971 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,747. About 10.2% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.


In 1905, the Wichita Mill and Elevator Company, owned and managed by entrepreneur Frank Kell of Wichita Falls, bought a mill in Vernon. Kell's business partner was W. O. Anderson.[13]

Major businesses and industries in Vernon include a Tyson Foods (formerly Wright Brand Foods) bacon-processing plant, a Rhodia, Inc. guar-processing plant, North Texas State Hospital, which is operated by the Texas Department of State Health Services (an agency of the Texas Health and Human Services System), Victory Field Correctional Academy (a juvenile detention facility operated by the Texas Youth Commission), and the Texas AgriLife (Texas A&M System) Research and Extension Center.

The nearby Waggoner Ranch holds the distinction of being the largest spread in Texas under one fence. The ranch remains operational, with business in petroleum, farming, horses, and cattle. The Waggoner produces some of the best ranch horses in Texas,[citation needed] many from the breeding of the quarter horse Poco Bueno. According to the wishes of E. Paul Waggoner, Poco Bueno is buried in a standing position on the corner at the main entrance to the ranch.

Arts and culture[edit]

Santa Rosa Roundup Rodeo[edit]

Vernon is host to various events annually, including the four-day Santa Rosa Roundup rodeo in May, which is sponsored by the local Santa Rosa Palomino Club. VSMCA is host to Summer's Last Blast, held the second weekend of August every year - a car show that exhibits a variety of 1930s to 1985 model cars.

Doan's May Picnic[edit]

Since 1884, Doan's May Picnic has been held on the first Saturday of May at the ghost town of Doans, located 15 miles north of Vernon. A barbecue lunch and T-shirts are available for sale, and a king and queen are crowned at the annual event. One of the shirts for 2017 featured a design by Harold Dow Bugbee, the late curator of the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum in Canyon, Texas, which depicts Texas Longhorns and a cowboy crossing the Red River at Doan's Crossing, where the postmaster Corwin F. Doan (1848–1929) also operated a store to supply the cowboys.[14] Bugbee's sculpture is part of the 1931 Trail Drivers Monument located at Doans. Riders cross the river from Oklahoma and usually arrive just before noon. The 1881 adobe house, the oldest in Wilbarger County, is open for tours during the picnic.[15]


Public education[edit]

The Vernon Independent School District serves students in prekindergarten through grade 12. The district's school campuses include three elementary schools (prekindergarten through grade 5), a middle school (grades 6–8) and Vernon High School (grades 9–12). The district also operates an alternative-education program and an education program for juveniles of the Adolescent Forensic Program at North Texas State Hospital

Vernon High School's football team, the Vernon Lions, was one of the strongest programs in the 3A division until recently. The Lions won the 3A state championship in 1990 and were ranked number one all year. They finished in second place the previous year. The Lions have finished as semifinalists in 2003 and 2006, and were ranked in top 10 for the 2007 season, when they lost in a close game in the state quarterfinals to Snyder. The overall record of Vernon High School football is 595-363-38 (a winning percentage of 62.27%)

Vernon High School's first team state championship came in the 1984–1985 season as the Lady Lions won the 3A girls basketball state title. The Lady Lions returned to Austin the next season and were defeated in the semifinals.

Vernon High School is also known for its tennis team, which has completed 23 straight years of going to the Texas Tennis Coaches Association State Team Tennis Tournament. VHS Tennis has six TTCA state team tennis titles and has finished no lower than third place in 22 of the 23 years.

Vernon College[edit]

Vernon College is a community college in Vernon.
Osborne Administration Building at Vernon College

Vernon College, a two-year community college, is located here and maintains a branch campus in Wichita Falls. Academic offerings include cosmetology, nursing, and vocational-technical programs. Athletically, Vernon College fields women's softball, women's volleyball, men's baseball, and rodeo teams. The rodeo team is consistently ranked high in junior college-level competition.



Vernon is located 50 miles northwest of Wichita Falls, and about 160 to 180 miles from surrounding metropolitan areas, including Amarillo, Abilene, Oklahoma City, and the DFW Metroplex. The city is served by four U.S. routes: 70, 183, 283, and 287.

Wilbarger County Airport is located five miles north of Vernon; the nearest airport with scheduled flights is Wichita Falls Municipal Airport, 50 miles to the east, which predominantly offers flights of commuter airlines to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.

The nearest international airports from Vernon with major airline connections include Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City, and Rick Husband Amarillo International Airport in Amarillo.

The area is also served by a BNSF rail freight line bypassing downtown from Fort Worth to Amarillo.

Notable people[edit]

1979 tornado[edit]

On April 10, 1979, Vernon and surrounding Wilbarger County were struck by an F4 tornado, a part of a large storm in the Red River Valley. Much of Vernon was damaged or destroyed, and 11 people were killed as the tornado passed through Foard and Wilbarger Counties before it dissipated in a rural portion of Tillman County, Oklahoma. That same day, tornadoes also devastated the larger nearby cities of Wichita Falls and Lawton.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Vernon, Texas
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference USCensusEst2022CenPopScriptOnlyDirtyFixDoNotUse was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ "The Handbook Of Texas, Vernon, Texas". Texas. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
  7. ^ "Profile for Vernon, Texas, TX". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 24, 2024.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Vernon, Texas
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  11. ^[not specific enough to verify]
  12. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  13. ^ "J. W. Williams, "Frank Kell"". Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  14. ^ Thomas Lindsay Baker, Ghost Towns of Texas (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986).
  15. ^ "Doan's May Picnic". Retrieved May 3, 2017.
  16. ^ Barone, Michael; Ujifusa, Grant (1983). The Almanac of American Politics 1984. p. 1152. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  17. ^ "Driver".
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[11][12]

External links[edit]