Vernon County Courthouse (Missouri)

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Vernon County Courthouse
VernonCountyCourthouse front.JPG
Vernon County Courthouse front
Vernon County Courthouse (Missouri) is located in Missouri
Vernon County Courthouse (Missouri)
Vernon County Courthouse (Missouri) is located in the US
Vernon County Courthouse (Missouri)
Location Bounded by Cherry, Cedar, Walnut, and Main Sts., Nevada, Missouri
Coordinates 37°50′19″N 94°21′26″W / 37.83861°N 94.35722°W / 37.83861; -94.35722Coordinates: 37°50′19″N 94°21′26″W / 37.83861°N 94.35722°W / 37.83861; -94.35722
Built 1908
Architect Kirsch, Robert G.; Beagles & Dye
Architectural style Romanesque
NRHP Reference # 97000630[1]
Added to NRHP June 27, 1997

Vernon County Courthouse is a historic courthouse located at Nevada, Vernon County, Missouri. It was built between 1906 and 1908. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997.[1] The Romanesque Revival style building is constructed of Carthage stone; its architect was R.G. Kirsch of St. Louis. The appropriation for the building was $75,000. Three years after its completion, at a cost of $95,215.38, electric light fixtures were installed throughout the building; and a judge's chamber, jury room, and library were added adjacent to the courtroom.[2]:5

The current Vernon County Courthouse was the third one to be built in Nevada; the first was a two story building one block west of the present day courthouse. In addition to the court, it was also used for church services.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, the population of Nevada was 425.[3] The first courthouse was burned during the Civil War. On 2 May 1863, a group of pro-Union militiamen from neighboring Cedar County stormed the courthouse, only to be killed by the Vernon County defenders. When the Union men did not return home, a larger militia force rode on Nevada. They gave the inhabitants 15 minutes to gather their belongings, then burned the entire town to the ground.[4]

Within the courthouse on the arched walls outside the courtroom, beautiful painted murals of the prairie have long been hidden beneath layers of paint and need to be recovered. Also on the property is the contributing granite and bronze William Joel Stone Monument (1934-1935), a memorial to Missouri politician William J. Stone (1848-1918).[2]

This building was sold, by auction, for $35,000, in June 2012.

Vernon County Courthouse
Main courtroom with images of lady justice and state seal of Missouri
Main courtroom 
Side view of Vernon county Courthouse
Side view of courthouse 
Dedication plaque 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b Angela Richardson and Steven E. Mitchell (May 1997). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Vernon County Courthouse" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2017-03-01.  (includes 9 photographs from 1996 and 2004)
  3. ^ [:http://www.dnr.mo.gov/shpo/survey/VEAS001-R.pdf "Architectural/Historical Survey of Nevada, Missouri, prepared by Linda F. Becker and Cydney E. Millstein, 1992."] Check |url= value (help) (PDF). 
  4. ^ Fire and Sword - A Missouri County in the Civil War, by Patrick Brophy, 2008