Vernon E. Johnson (August 23, 1920 – April 30, 1999) was an Episcopal priest and recovering alcoholic who devoted his life to a claimed method of alcohol intervention. Johnson's main achievements lie in the field of treatment of chemical dependency, especially alcoholism. Johnson did not believe that an alcoholic needed to "hit rock bottom" before recovery. He introduced the concept of intervention by family, friends, and employers. He supported "early intervention", because it interrupted the progression of the disease of alcoholism before the disease completely destroyed the alcoholic's life.
Following his own recovery from alcoholism, in 1962 Johnson led a church group concerning alcohol intervention. As a Minnesota Episcopal priest, Johnson encouraged the incorporation of faith into the treatment and he convinced many churches to provide space for recovering alcoholics' support group meetings. Johnson was also a member of faculty of the Rutgers University Summer School for Alcohol Studies. In 1966, he co-founded (along with Irene and Wheelock Whitney) the Johnson Institute, which aims to provide early intervention and help employers deal with employee drinking. The institute has also provided training to over 8,000 professionals.
The Johnson Institute uses the "Minnesota Model", which Johnson constructed when he was leading the church group. Johnson's approach, known as a Johnson Intervention, has become the most widespread intervention technique for Alcohol Use Disorders, but critics argue that there is a lack of support for the approach in controlled research and that there is a potential for adverse results.
In 2009, the Johnson Institute transferred its programs and products to the Hazelden Foundation. Johnson also wrote several books about the treatment of chemical dependency, the most famous being I'll Quit Tomorrow. Johnson died in 1999 from cancer.
- Seven editions have been published to date.
- Intervention, how to help someone who doesn't want help : a step-by-step guide for families and friends of chemically dependent persons
- First published in Minneapolis, Johnson Institute Books, 1986. ISBN 0-935908-31-5 Five editions have been published to date.
- Everything You Need to Know about Chemical Dependence: Vernon Johnson's complete guide for families
- First published in Minneapolis : Johnson Institute, 1990, ISBN 0-935908-31-5 Two editions have been published to date.
- God, Help Me to Be Me: Spiritual Growth During Recovery
- Behavior Vs. Values: Character Conflict During Recovery
- Alcoholism and the church: A call to action
- First published in New York : Episcopal Church. Church Pension Fund, 1979
- A History of the Johnson Institute Archived July 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine About Us, Johnson Institute, accessed 2007-12-04
- A History of the Johnson Institute Archived July 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- The Johnson Institute
- Irene and Wheelock Whitney Award
- Do Drug and Alcohol Interventions Really Work? Archived August 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- McKillop, J. & Gray, J. (2015) "Controversial Treatments for Alcohol Use Disorders", in Lilienfeld, S.; Lynn, S. & Lohr, J. (eds) Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology, Second Edition, The Guilford Press. ISBN 978-1462517893 pp 324-326
- Johnson Institute Announces Start of Nominations for 2006 America Honors Recovery Luncheon Awards
- Vernon Johnson: a pioneer
- I'll Quit Tomorrow Archived November 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- WorldCat - I'll Quit Tomorrow
- WorldCat - Intervention
- WorldCat - Everything you need to know about chemical dependence
- WorldCat: God, Help Me to Be Me: Spiritual Growth During Recovery
- Johnson Institute official website