Veronicastrum virginicum

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Culver's root
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Plantaginaceae
Genus: Veronicastrum
Species: V. virginicum
Binomial name
Veronicastrum virginicum
(L.) Farw.

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver's root, Culver's-root, Culverpsyic, Culver's physic, Bowman's root, blackroot; syn. Leptandra virginica (L.) Nutt., Veronica virginica L.[1][2]) is a wildflower native to the United States.

Veronicastrum virginicum is an erect perennial herb that grows 80–200 cm in height. The leaves are serrated and arranged in whorls of 3-7 around the stem. The inflorescence is erect with slender and spike-like racemes. The stamens are crowded and protrude in a brush-like fashion perpendicular to the raceme . The corollas are white and are roughly 2 mm. in length. These plants flower from mid-summer to early fall.[3]

Culver's root is frequently found in wet to wet-mesic prairies and sometimes moist upland sites.[3]


Culver's root is cultivated as a garden flower in the Eastern United States.[2]

Culver's root has been used medicinally for liver disorders and constipation. It is a long-time American doctors' remedy for liver congestion with accompanying constipation. It is sometimes considered when compounding a formula for the liver, gallbladder, to treat constipation, colitis, gallstones and hepatitis.[4]


  1. ^ "Veronicastrum virginicum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  2. ^ a b Clausen, Ruth Rogers and Nicholas H. Ekstrom, Perennials for American Gardens,New York: Random House, 1989
  3. ^ a b Gleason, Henry and Arthur Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. D. Van Nostrand Company, New York, New York. 910 pp.
  4. ^ Natural Cures - North America


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