Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer
|Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer|
|National origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||Lawrence Sperry Aircraft Company|
|Designer||Alfred V. Verville|
|Produced||McCook Field Engineering Division|
The Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer was a cantilever wing monoplane with a streamlined fuselage and the second aircraft with fully retractable landing gear, the first being the Dayton-Wright Racer. In 1961, the R-3 racer was identified as one of the "Twelve Most Significant Aircraft of all Time" by Popular Mechanics magazine. In 1924, an R-3 won the Pulitzer Trophy in Dayton, OH.
Design and development
The R-3 was designed by Alfred Verville. Its first production was in 1922. The R-3 was developed by the McCook Field Engineering Division and manufactured by the Lawrence Sperry Aircraft Company of Farmingdale, New York. Three aircraft were purchased. The airplanes used cylindrical, finned Lamblin radiators and a 300 hp (224 kW) Wright H-3 engine. The R-3s bore Air Service serial numbers 22-326 to 22-328.
At the 1922 Pulitzer Trophy race, all three R-3's started in the race, but only two finished. Lieutenant Eugene Barksdale finished fifth at around 181 mph (291 km/h). Lieutenant Fonda B. Johnson finished seventh, his engine freezing after landing. And Lieutenant St. Clair Streett broke an oil line and had a forced landing, damaging his airplane.
For the 1923 Pulitzer, a Curtiss D-12 engine was installed in the plane which eliminated some vibration problems that the H-3 engine had. With the new engine the top speed now was approaching 233 mph (375 km/h). That year a Curtiss biplane was the winner. With Orville Wright officially observing from the ground, Lieutenant Alexander Pearson, Jr. flying an R-3 set a 500 km World Speed Record of 167.74 mph (269.95 km/h) over a 10-lap course on March 31, 1923 at Wilbur Wright Field.
For the 1924 Pulitzer, the R-3, piloted by Lieutenant Harry H. Mills, won the race at a slow 215 mph (346 km/h). The ranked entry–a Curtiss biplane–crashed along the course.
After this race, the R-3 racers were sent to the McCook Field Museum.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Verville aircraft.|
- U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission. "Retractable Landing Gear." Retrieved on November 25, 2009.
- "The Twelve Most Significant Aircraft of all Time, A Portfolio of Planes that Changed Aviation History" 115 (6). Popular Mechanics. June 1961. pp. 16, 96–106. ISSN 0032-4558. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
Verville-Sperry Racer (1922). Winner of the 1924 Pulitzer Race at Dayton, Ohio, this neat ship typified an era when designers tried, with very little money, to get maximum performance from the minimum airplane. Its clean lines, thick low wing and retractable landing gear were amazingly prophetic of World War II fighters.
- "Pulitzer Trophy Air Races". Air-racing-history.com. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
- Alley, William (2006). Pearson Field. New York: Harper Perennial. p. 37. ISBN 0-7385-3129-4.
- "Verville-Sperry R-3 air racer". Air-racing-history.com. Retrieved 2010-12-10.