Vesna Pusić

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Vesna Pusić
V pusic.jpg
President of the Croatian People's Party
In office
April 2000 – 6 April 2008
Preceded by Radimir Čačić
Succeeded by Radimir Čačić
In office
23 March 2013 – 16 April 2016
Succeeded by Ivan Vrdoljak
First Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia
In office
16 November 2012 – 22 January 2016
Prime Minister Zoran Milanović
Preceded by Radimir Čačić
Succeeded by Tomislav Karamarko
Minister of Foreign and European Affairs
In office
23 December 2011 – 22 January 2016
Prime Minister Zoran Milanović
Preceded by Gordan Jandroković
Succeeded by Miro Kovač
Personal details
Born (1953-04-25) 25 April 1953 (age 63)
Zagreb, Yugoslavia
(now Croatia)
Political party Croatian People's Party
Spouse(s) Jurgis Oniunas
Children Daina
Alma mater University of Zagreb
Website Official website

Vesna Pusić (pronounced [ʋɛ̂sna pǔːsitɕ]; born 25 March 1953) is a Croatian sociologist and politician who served as a First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign and European Affairs in the centre-left Cabinet of Zoran Milanović. She was Croatia's second female Foreign Minister taking the office after Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović. She is known as outspoken liberal and an advocate of European integration, gender equality and LGBT rights.

After becoming involved in politics in the early 1990s, Pusić served three consecutive terms as MP, having been elected to the Croatian Parliament in the 2000, 2003, and 2007 parliament elections. She also ran in the 2009–10 presidential election, coming in fifth out of twelve candidates. During her 2008–2011 parliament term she chaired the parliamentary committee for tracking the progress of Croatia's accession negotiations with the European Union. She also held the post of Vice-President of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR).

Pusić is honorary president of the Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats.

Early life and education[edit]

Vesna Pusić was born on 25 March 1953 in Zagreb to jurist and university professor Eugen Pusić and Višnja (née Anđelinović) Pusić, a professor of English language.[1] She graduated from II Gymnasium in 1971, after which she enrolled in Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences from which she graduated with a degree in sociology and philosophy in 1976.[2] In 1984, she obtained a doctorate in sociology at the same faculty.[1][2]

Professional career[edit]

After graduation, Pusić worked from 1975 to 1979 as a member of the International Research Group doing research on industrial democracy in twelve European countries. From 1976 to 1978 she was a researcher at the Institute of Sociology at the University of Ljubljana in Slovenia.[1] Since 1978 she has been working at the Sociology Department of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences and teaching courses in the Theory of Industrial Democracy and the Sociology of Politics. In 1978, Pusić was one of seven women who initiated the first feminist organization in SFR Yugoslavia Žena i društvo (Woman and society) and was widely criticized by the authorities at the time.[1] From 1992 to 1994, she served as Head of the Department of Sociology of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Since 2010 she is still formally affiliated with the University of Zagreb, but not teaching due to her active involvement in the politics.

Pusić lectured at the University of Chicago, Cornell University, American University, The New School, International Forum for Democratic Studies, Foreign Service Institute, Georgetown University, Wilson Center, and MIT Sloan School of Management.[3]

Political career[edit]

Vesna Pusić was one of the 28 founding members of the liberal Croatian People's Party (HNS-LD) in 1990, after participating in the Coalition of People's Accord. She left party politics in 1992, but rejoined the same party in 1997 and was later its President between 2000 and 2008, and again since 2013. She first entered the Croatian Parliament in the 2000 parliamentary election, and has been reelected in 2003, 2007, 2011, and 2015.

In 1992 Pusić was the co-founder and director of the Erasmus Guild, a nongovernmental, nonpartisan think-tank for the culture of democracy, and the publisher and editor of the journal Erasmus, focusing specifically on different issues of transition in Croatia, countries of former Yugoslavia and Eastern Europe.[1] Erasmus Guild ceased operations in 1998.

Greek Foreign Minister Dimitris Avramopoulos and Croatian Foreign Minister Vesna Pusić in Zagreb in April 2013

In 2005 and 2008,[4][5] she was made Chairwoman of the National Committee for EU negotiations, the body that oversees accession negotiations and is composed of members of parliament as well as representatives of the President, the academic community, employers, and union representatives. In 2006 and 2008 she was elected vice-president of ELDR.[1]

In the Croatian presidential election, 2009–2010, Pusić was the HNS-LD candidate. She won 7.25% in the first round, placing fifth out of twelve candidates, and was thus eliminated from the second round.

After Kukuriku coalition won the 2011 parliamentary elections, Pusić served as Minister of Foreign and European Affairs in the center-left Cabinet of Zoran Milanović. After Radimir Čačić was expelled from the Croatian People's Party on 23 March 2013 because of his attempts to destabilize the party, Pusić become party president once again.[6]

Pusić was reelected to the Parliament on 2015 parliamentary elections and serves as a Deputy Speaker of the Croatian Parliament since 3 February 2016.

UN Secretary-General candidature[edit]

Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz and Croatian Foreign Minister Vesna Pusić in December 2013

On September 3, 2015 Croatian Government decided to nominate Pusić as official Croatian candidate for 2016 UN Secretary-General selection. Her nomination was officially submitted on 14 January 2016.

The UN's role in the Haiti cholera outbreak has been widely discussed and criticized. There has been indisputable evidence that the UN is the proximate cause for bringing cholera to Haiti. Peacekeepers sent to Haiti from Nepal were carrying asymptomatic cholera and they did not treat their waste properly before dumping it into Haiti's water stream.[7] When asked if Haitian cholera victims should be compensated, Ms. Pusic initially indicated that they should be, but then said the question should be studied further by expert panels; "it has been studied for years, and the United Nations has claimed immunity from prosecution." [8]

Another issue that has been brought up is the sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers. This gross problem was brought to light after Anders Kompass exposed the sexual assault of children by peacekeepers in the Central African Republic.[9] She was asked about her stance on peacekeepers' accountability during the UN Secretary General informal dialogues. Palestine, the United Kingdom, and the United States all asked about how she would tackle the issue of sexual abuse by peacekeepers. Pusic repeatedly referred to the 3 reports that have addressed peacekeeping SEA, citing that she would follow and implement much of the same principles.[10] For one, she stated that peacekeepers who have committed atrocities against their people should not be allowed to serve as peacekeepers within a certain number of years.[10] She also emphasized a strong command structure and a faster reporting and processing of cases.[10]

Pusić participated in the UN debate that was held on July 12, 2016. On the question of Hungarian ambassador to the UN about what way of leadership is needed by the UN and the world, Pusić replied that the criteria have downfallen in the past 20 years stating that "phrases and lack of accountability are currently very popular. I believe that we do not want leadership that is based on platitudes and speaking only what people want to hear.", adding that today's leaders' need vision, persistence and courage. She stated that she wanted to be Secretary-General because the UN topics of peace, human rights and development have taken a center stage throughout her life.[11] When commenting on UN's International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), she stated that the court wasn't perfect, but that it would have been much worse without it, adding that it sent an important message; "If you commit a war crime, you will be caught."[12] Pusić expressed her concern about the wave of cynicism in current national and international politics. In addition, she stated that being a feminist candidate was important, and noted that the UN had been dominated for 50 years by men.[13]

After receiving 11 'discourage' votes on a first informal closed-door straw poll of the 15-member UN Security Council that was held on July 21, 2016, Pusić decided on August 4, 2016 to withdraw from race and focus on 2016 extraordinary parliamentary elections.[14][15]

Activism[edit]

Vesna Pusić is very popular in the Croatian LGBT community. In 2011, Zagreb Pride attenders awarded her with the "gay friendly person of the decade".[16] She has been regular attendant at Zagreb LGBT pride.[17]

Her brother Zoran is a civil rights and peace activist, serving as President of the Civic Committee for Human Rights, and chairman of the Anti-Fascist League of the Republic of Croatia since March 21, 2015.[18]

Private life[edit]

Mrs. Pusić is married to a Lithuanian-American entrepreneur Jurgis Oniunas with whom she has a daughter Daina who is a film director.[19] She speaks Croatian, English, and German fluently.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Democracies and Dictatorships, Durieux, Zagreb 1998
  • The Leaders and the Managers, Novi Liber, Zagreb 1992
  • Industrial Democracy and Civil Society, Sociološko društvo Hrvatske, Zagreb 1986.
  • Industrial Democracy in Europe, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1981 (co-author)
  • European Industrial Relations, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1981 (co-author)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Vesna Pusić - Biografija" (in Croatian). Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  2. ^ a b "Vesna Pusić - Zastupnici 6. saziva Hrvatskoga sabora" [Vesna Pusić - Representative in the 6th assembly of the Croatian Parliament] (in Croatian). Croatian Parliament. Retrieved 2010-11-05. 
  3. ^ Vesna Pusić (2014-06-20). "cv | Vesna Pusić". Vesnapusic.com.hr. Retrieved 2016-05-05. 
  4. ^ "A liberal heads the negotiations for the access of the Croatia into the EU". ELDR. 3 March 2008. 
  5. ^ Eduard Šoštarić; Robert Bajruši (16 June 2008). "Plan to destroy HNS: Sanader to remove Vesna Pusic from the head of the Alliance for the European Union". Nacional. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  6. ^ Zrinka Korljan (2014-01-16). "VESNA PUSIĆ O ISKLJUČENJU ČAČIĆA Željeli smo zaštititi stranku od destabiliziranja. Morali smo reagirati". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2016-05-05. 
  7. ^ "Advocacy Cholera Accountability". Ijdh.org. Retrieved 2016-07-01. 
  8. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/05/world/un-secretary-general-candidates-ban-ki-moon.html?_r=1
  9. ^ Sandra Laville. "UN whistleblower who exposed sexual abuse by peacekeepers is exonerated | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-07-01. 
  10. ^ a b c http://webtv.un.org/search/vesna-pusi%C4%87-croatia-informal-dialogue-for-the-position-of-the-next-un-secretary-general/4844480656001?term=informal%20dialogue&languages=&sort=date
  11. ^ Darko Tomas / EPH. "VELIKO SUČELJAVANJE KANDIDATA ZA GLAVNOG TAJNIKA UN-a Vesna Pusić dobila veliki aplauz -Jutarnji List". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2016-07-13. 
  12. ^ 08:22. "Pusić u debati za tajnicu UN-a zaradila veliki pljesak | N1 HR". Hr.n1info.com. Retrieved 2016-07-13. 
  13. ^ "UN debate: Candidates for top job debate on live TV - News from". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2016-07-13. 
  14. ^ http://www.index.hr/vijesti/clanak/vesna-pusic-odustala-od-kandidature-za-seficu-una-moje-sanse-za-izbor-nisu-realne/910645.aspx
  15. ^ Withdrawal of candidature of Vesna Pusić, 4 August 2016
  16. ^ Martina Čizmić (18 June 2011). "Homofob desetljeća Marijana Petir, Homofrend Vesna Pusić" [Marijana Petir - homophobe of the decade, Vesna Pusić - homo-friend] (in Croatian). Nacional. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  17. ^ "Pusić zahvalna organizatorima Gay Pridea" (in Croatian). Javno.com. 26 June 2008. 
  18. ^ Ma.B. (2015-03-21). "Osnovana Antifašistička liga - antifašisti izrazili zabrinutost zbog razvoja događaja u Hrvatskoj". Dnevnik.hr. Retrieved 2016-05-05. 
  19. ^ Portal Jutarnji.hr (2009-08-09). "Utrka za mjesto prve dame ili gospodina gospođa Hebrang bježi od kandidature, kao i njezin suprug". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2016-05-05. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Radimir Čačić
President of the Croatian People's Party
2000–2008
Succeeded by
Radimir Čačić
President of the Croatian People's Party
2013–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Gordan Jandroković
Minister of Foreign and European Affairs
2011–2016
Succeeded by
Miro Kovač
Preceded by
Radimir Čačić
First Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia
2012–2016
Succeeded by
Tomislav Karamarko