Vesoul

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Vesoul
Vesoul Mairie 4.jpg
Vesoul Bureau d'octroi 2.JPG
Vesoul Notre-Dame-de-la-Motte 2.jpg
Vesoul Jardin anglais - fleurs.JPG
Vesoul rue d'Alsace-Lorraine 3.jpg
Vesoul Lycée des Haberges.jpg
Vesoul Eglise du Sacré-Coeur 5.JPG
Coat of arms of Vesoul
Coat of arms
Location of Vesoul
Vesoul is located in France
Vesoul
Vesoul
Vesoul is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Vesoul
Vesoul
Coordinates: 47°37′23″N 6°09′21″E / 47.6231°N 06.1558°E / 47.6231; 06.1558Coordinates: 47°37′23″N 6°09′21″E / 47.6231°N 06.1558°E / 47.6231; 06.1558
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentHaute-Saône
ArrondissementVesoul
CantonVesoul-1 and 2
IntercommunalityCA Vesoul
Government
 • Mayor (2012-2014) Alain Chrétien
Area
1
9.07 km2 (3.50 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
14,916
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
70550 /70000
Elevation213–375 m (699–1,230 ft)
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Vesoul (French pronunciation: [vəzul] (About this soundlisten)) is a commune in the Haute-Saône department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté located in eastern France.

It is the most populated municipality of the department with 15,212 inhabitants in 2014. The same year, the Communauté d'agglomération de Vesoul which covers 20 municipalities together had 34,310 inhabitants while the Urban area of Vesoul which includes 78 municipalities, had 59,244 inhabitants. Its inhabitants are known in French as Vésuliens.

Built on top of the hill of La Motte in the first millennium under the name of Castrum Vesulium, the city gradually evolved into a European commercial and economic center. At the end of the Middle Ages, the city experienced a challenging period beset with plagues, epidemics, and localized conflict.

Main urban center of the department, Vesoul is also home to a major PSA parts manufacturing plant and to the Vesoul International Film Festival of Asian Cinema. It was immortalized by Jacques Brel in his 1968 song "Vesoul".

The town is the capital of the department of Haute-Saône.

History[edit]

Vesoul is first mentioned in a document dated 899. That document speaks about an elevation with a fortified watchtower. The document speaks about "Castrum Vesulium". Castrum is a fortification, and "Vesulium" has the syllable ves which meant hill or mountain in a language that was spoken before the Celts. Today, there is a castle that forms the centre of the city. The first houses were built inside the walls of the castle. Newcomers who found no place settled outside the city walls, on the flanks of the hill. Growing wine was popular. In 1814, after the fall of the empire, a buffer state was created, with Vesoul as capital. The principality was that of Free County, of the Vosges and of Porrentruy.

Today, one of the main factories of PSA Peugeot Citroën is near Vesoul.

Geography[edit]

/Map of Vesoul's urban area.

Vesoul is located in the easter part of France, about 100 kilometers away from the Germany and the Switzerland's border and between the Jura and the Vosges's mountain ranges. Vesoul is also situated in the center of the Haute-Saône, which is in the nord of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. Inside of this region, Vesoul is included in the Pays de Vesoul et du Val de Saône, a geographical region composing of the Vesoul's area and the northern part of the river Saône.

By the road, Vesoul is 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Luxeuil-les-Bains, 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Lure and 59 kilometres (37 mi) from Gray, that are the main towns close to Vesoul. About the biggest cities in the French East region, Vesoul is located 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Besançon, 64 kilometres (40 mi) from Belfort and 105 kilometres (65 mi) from Dijon and 156 kilometres (97 mi) from Nancy.[2] Situated at the equidistance of Dijon and Mulhouse, Vesoul is 370 kilometres (230 mi) from the city of Paris. The town of Vesoul is located at the intersection of highways 19 and 57, on the SNCF Paris-Basel railway line [2].

The area of Vesoul is also included in the Pôle métropolitain Centre Franche-Comté which is a government structure unifying the biggest areas of central Franche-Comté. There are nine communes that are bordering the town of Vesoul.

Vesoul is crossed by four watercourses : two rivers (Durgeon and Colombine) and two streams (Vaugine and Méline). All of them are tributaries and sub-tributaries of the Saône, the fourth longest river in France with 473 kilometers long[3] and flowing about ten kilometers from the western side of Vesoul[4].

Governance and politics[edit]

Mayors[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

Administrative division[edit]

Population and society[edit]

Demography[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
17935,303—    
18005,417+0.30%
18065,708+0.88%
18215,391−0.38%
18315,408+0.03%
18365,887+1.71%
18416,788+2.89%
18465,941−2.63%
18516,621+2.19%
18567,281+1.92%
18617,579+0.81%
18667,614+0.09%
YearPop.±% p.a.
18727,716+0.22%
18769,206+4.51%
18819,553+0.74%
18869,733+0.37%
18919,770+0.08%
189610,083+0.63%
19019,704−0.76%
190610,163+0.93%
191110,539+0.73%
192110,471−0.06%
192610,859+0.73%
193111,562+1.26%
YearPop.±% p.a.
193611,926+0.62%
194611,825−0.09%
195412,038+0.22%
196213,678+1.61%
196816,352+3.02%
197518,173+1.52%
198218,412+0.19%
199017,614−0.55%
199917,168−0.28%
200716,329−0.62%
201215,637−0.86%
201714,916−0.94%
Source: Ehess[5] and INSEE[6]

Media[edit]

Vesoul is also the name of a song by Jacques Brel from 1968, a fast-paced waltz during the recording of which Brel famously yelled "Chauffe, Marcel, chauffe!" ("heat up, Marcel, heat up!") at his accordionist, Marcel Azzola.

The town is also mentioned facetiously in the satirical rap Fous ta cagoule by Michael Youn.[7]

Sport[edit]

Education[edit]

Vesoul has schools of higher education. The city has 1,200 students divided between an IUT, an IUFM, an Institute of Nursing Training, a School of Management and Commerce and BTS.
A Council of Student Life (CVE), led by the Officer in charge of Higher Education, was established in 2011. It offers activities to stimulate student life. In all, Vesoul has 10,000 students.

All schools and studies in Vesoul

Kindergarten

  • Kindergarten Small
  • Kindergarten Saint Exupery
  • Kindergarten Montmarin II
  • Kindergarten Bank
  • Kindergarten Jean Morel
  • Kindergarten the Grand Sleet
  • Kindergarten Stadium
  • Kindergarten Lafayette

Primary School

  • Elementary School South ERfKE
  • Elementary School Pablo Picasso-
  • Boulevard Elementary School
  • Elementary school-Henri Matisse
  • Elementary School Stadium
  • Elementary School of Luxembourg
  • Elementary School of Marteroy

Public College

  • College Jean-Leon Gerome
  • College Jean-Macé
  • College-Jacques Brel
  • College René-Cassin

Private College

  • College Marteroy

General and Technical High School

  • The School Haberges
  • Lycée Edouard Belin
  • LEGTA Munier-Etienne

Vocational College

  • High School Pontarcher
  • High School Luxembourg

Apprentice Training Centre

  • C.F.A. of Haute Saône

Studies senior

  • IUT (University Institute of Technology)
  • IUFM (University Institute of Teacher Training)
  • IFSM (Institute of Nursing Education)
  • CGE (School of Management and Commerce)

Culture and heritage[edit]

Monuments to the dead of the war 14-18
Hostel Pétremand
The Jean-Léon Gérôme Collège
Hôpital Paul-Morel

Monuments and tourist attractions[edit]

The Durgeon
Lake of Vesoul

Festival[edit]

Library[edit]

The first public library of Vesoul opened in 1771. The abbé (abbot) Bardenet, superior of the Saint-Esprit hospital in Besançon, gave his book collection to the town. There were 1772 books. The collections became a lot larger with the Revolution. At that time, the revolutionaries (people who led the French Revolution) took the books from the monasteries of the town (capucins) and even of the region (Luxeuil and Faverney monasteries). Around 20,000 books were added to the library this way, including some 11th century manuscripts. The Mayor's office was responsible for keeping the books.

In 1981, the municipality decided to build a new building to encourage the public to read. The library was recently equipped with computers. There are around 200 manuscripts and 150 incunables.

Areas[edit]

Jean Jaurès-Petit-Banque area
Anglais Garden Park

Neighborhoods

  • Rêpes-Pontarcher
  • Grand Montmarin
  • Vesoul Ouest
  • Vesoul Centre Nord-Saint-Ferjeux
  • Grand Grésil
  • Stade
  • Vesoul Centre Sud
  • Jean Jaurès-Petit-Banque

Sectors :

  • Vieux-Vesoul
  • Les Bains
  • Pontarcher
  • Taillevanne
  • Haberges
  • Saint-Martin
  • Grand Miselot
  • Saint-Maur
  • Luxembourg

Commercial areas :

  • Espace de la Motte
  • Pôle Santé de Vesoul
  • Oasis
  • Kennedy
  • Halles de Vesoul
  • Paul-Morel

Industrial areas :

  • Vesoul Technologia
  • PSA
  • Poincaré
  • Les Saussis

Spaces :

  • La Motte
  • Jardin anglais
  • Plateau de Cita
  • Les Rives du Lac
  • Sabot de Frotey

Notable people[edit]

Awards[edit]

  • Vesoul inaugurated the first Cyber Base France in 1999
  • Voted "most athletic city of France" in 2001
  • Labeled "Child Friendly City" by UNICEF in 2006. This label was renewed in 2009.
  • Labeled "friendly and inclusive City" in 2010
  • Labeled "Cities and villages in bloom" and has 3 flowers
  • Labeled "QualiTri Collection" in 2012
  • Vesoul is the second city in France to obtain ISO 14001 certification

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ [1].
  3. ^ "Fiche de la Saône". le site du SANDRE. Retrieved 5 May 2014..
  4. ^ "Vesoul - Universalis". le site de l'encyclopédie Universalis. Retrieved 3 June 2020..
  5. ^ Ehess, Cassini data file for Vesoul
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. ^ "Fous ta Cagoule" by Fatal Bazooka--English Translation

External links[edit]