Vesperae solennes de Dominica (Mozart)

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Vesperae solennes de Dominica
Solemn Vespers by W. A. Mozart
K321-P1 (Vesperae solennes de Dominica).jpg
Page 1 of the autograph:, Dixit dominus
Catalogue K. 321
Text
Language Latin
Composed 1779 (1779): Salzburg
Movements 6
Vocal SATB choir and soloists
Instrumental
  • brass and timpani
  • violins
  • continuo

Vesperae solennes de Dominica, K. 321, is a sacred choral composition, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1779. It is scored for SATB choir and soloists, violin I and II, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones colla parte, 2 timpani, and basso continuo (bassoon and organ).

It was composed in Salzburg at the request of the Archbishop Colloredo for liturgical use in the city's cathedral. The title "de Dominica" signifies its use in Sunday services.[1] In 1780, Mozart composed another setting of the Vespers, the Vesperae solennes de confessore, which shares many musical similarities with this work.

Structure[edit]

The setting is divided into six movements, including five psalms and a setting of the Magnificat. A setting of the Minor Doxology (Gloria Patri) concludes all movements, each recapitulating the opening theme. The first three psalms are scored in a vigorous, exuberant manner, contrasting with the strict counterpoint of the a cappella Laudate pueri. The Laudate Dominum is set as an extended aria for the soprano soloist with obbligato organ, while the Magnificat opens with a majestic, moderate tempo, only to return to the bolder tempo of the first three psalms.[2]

  1. Dixit Allegro vivace, C major, common time
  2. Confitebor Allegro, E minor, 3/4
  3. Beatus vir Allegro, B-flat major, common time
  4. Laudate pueri F major, cut common time
  5. Laudate Dominum Allegro, A major, 3/4
  6. Magnificat Adagio maestoso, C major, common time
    "Et exultavit" Allegro, C major, common time

Media[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Gutnam (2011). Mozart. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Alfred Einstein, Arthur Mendel (1945). Mozart: His Character, His Work. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 

External links[edit]