Vestas V164

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Prototype V164 turbine mounted onshore.

The Vestas V164 is a three-bladed offshore wind turbine, produced by Vestas, with a nameplate capacity of up to 10 megawatts, a world record.[1] Vestas revealed the V164's design in 2011 with the first prototype unit operated at Østerild in northern Denmark in January 2014.[2] The first industrial units were installed in 2016 at Burbo Bank, off the west coast of the United Kingdom.[3][4] By 2021, Vestas had produced 500 of the series.[5]


Since 2014[6] this offshore turbine has had the largest power generation capacity,[7] with diameter of rotor 164 metres (538 ft) and swept area 21,124 square metres (227,380 sq ft). Each blade weighs 33[8]-35 tonnes.[9][10]

Originally called the Vestas V164-7.0MW, at 7.0 MW, the output was increased to 8.0 MW,[11] later to 9.0 MW.[12] In 2017 the turbine capacity was upgraded to 9.5 MW.[13] The next largest wind turbines and competitors to the V164 are the Siemens Wind Power SWT-8.0-154 and Adwen AD 8-180 offshore turbines with a rated capacity of 8 MW.[14] The Enercon E-126 turbine is rated up to 7.58 MW, but only installed onshore.[15][7]

Starting November 2013, a prototype was installed at Østerild test station. The bottom tower sections weighs over 200 tonnes and is 24 meters long and 7 meters in diameter. The nacelle weighs 390 tonnes. The turbine weighs 1,300 tonnes and the foundation weighs 4,000 tonnes. The total height is 220 m (720 ft).[16] It became operational in January 2014.[17] Later that year favourable winds allowed it to sustain its rated 8 MW power for 24 hours for a record one-day production of 192 MWh.[18] In 2017 the 9 MW version did the same for a new one-day production record of 216 MWh.[19]

At the September 2018 Global Wind Summit, MHI Vestas announced the V164-10.0 MW, the world's first double digit offshore wind turbine. The increase in performance was achieved through "a small design change to enhance airflow and increase cooling in the converter". It is not expected to be available for commercial installation until 2021.[1]

Notable sites[edit]

Vestas V164 blades at the disused Fawley Power Station site awaiting painting and finishing.

Netherlands: Borssele III & IV[edit]

The Blauwwind consortium is using 77 turbines for an estimated installed capacity of 731.5 MW at a site 55 km from the Port of Vlissingen. First power from the turbines was delivered on 7 August 2020.[20]

United Kingdom: Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm[edit]

The model was shifted from prototype to production in 2014, when DONG Energy ordered 32 turbines (256 MW) for the extension of the 90 MW Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm. The nacelles were produced at the former Odense Steel Shipyard, while the blades are made at Vestas' Isle of Wight facilities. Assembly took place in Belfast.[21][22][23] Installation began in 2016[3] and the wind farm was commissioned in April 2017.

United Kingdom: Kincardine Floating Offshore Wind Farm[edit]

5x V164 Wind Turbines are deployed on floating foundations at Kincardine Offshore Wind Farm, near Aberdeen, Scotland. Kincardine is the world's most powerful floating wind farm.

Belgium: Norther N.V. Wind Farm[edit]

In December 2016, Norther N.V. (Eneco/ Elicio) announced that MHI Vestas Offshore Wind will provide 44 x V164-8.4 MW (totalling approximately 370 MW) wind turbines to Belgium’s largest offshore wind project, located in the Belgian North Sea, approximately 23 km off the coast of Zeebrugge.[24]

Belgium: Northwester 2 Wind Farm[edit]

In April 2018, Parkwind and MHI Vestas announced that MHI Vestas Offshore Wind will provide 23 x V164-9.5 MW wind turbines. Both companies attribute the fast installation timetable, set for late 2019, to the industrialisation of offshore wind in Belgium.[25]

Denmark: Esbjerg, Måde[edit]

In April 2016, two turbines were inaugurated in Måde, each providing 8 MW power for a total of 16 MW. These turbines are series 0, i.e. a pre-mass-production model that may allow for further improvements in the design.[26]

Denmark: Horns Rev 3[edit]

In 2014, Danish Energy Agency announced that MHI Vestas Offshore Wind will provide 49 x V164-8.3 MW (totalling 406.7 MW) wind turbines to the farm Horns Rev 3, located in the Danish North Sea, approximately 40 km from Esbjerg. [27]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "MHI Vestas Launches the First 10 MW Wind Turbine in History". MHI Vestas. 25 September 2018. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-01. Retrieved 2015-09-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b "First 8MW giant up at Burbo 2",, 8 September 2016, archived from the original on 19 September 2018, retrieved 6 October 2021
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-17. Retrieved 2015-09-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "MHI Vestas Rolls Out 500th V164 Nacelle at Lindø". Offshore Wind. 7 December 2020. Archived from the original on 21 April 2021.
  6. ^ "10 big wind turbines". Windpower Monthly. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  7. ^ a b Shaun Campbell (26 July 2016). "10 big wind turbines". Windpower Monthly. Archived from the original on 2 November 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  8. ^ "LM Windpower bygger verdens længste vindmøllevinge". Ingeniøren. 21 June 2016. Archived from the original on 23 June 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Vestas V164-8.0 MW®". Archived from the original on 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  10. ^ "V164 8.0MW". Archived from the original on 2012-12-20. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  11. ^ A new era for offshore wind power: Presenting Vestas’ V164 – 7.0 MW Turbine for Offshore Power Plants Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Nield, David. "This Monster Wind Turbine Just Set a New Record for Energy Output". ScienceAlert. Archived from the original on 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  13. ^ "The world's most powerful available wind turbine gets major power boost | MHI Vestas Offshore". MHI Vestas. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Siemens Rolls Out 8MW Wind Turbine". Offshore Wind. 5 July 2016. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  15. ^ "'We're not afraid of offshore, but we decided to put 150% into onshore'". Recharge. 2016 [2015]. Archived from the original on 23 February 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  16. ^ Morten Kyndby Holm & Ole Iversen. "World's biggest turbine on the way Archived 2013-11-28 at the Wayback Machine" 26 November 2013. Accessed: 26 November 2013.
  17. ^ Wittrup, Sanne. "Power from Vestas' giant turbine Archived 2014-01-31 at the Wayback Machine" (in Danish. English translation Archived 2017-04-25 at the Wayback Machine ). Ingeniøren, 28 January 2014. Accessed: 28 January 2014.
  18. ^ "MHI Vestas 8 MW Turbine Breaks World Record Archived 2014-12-22 at the Wayback Machine", 17 October 2014.
  19. ^ "World’s most powerful wind turbine once again smashes 24 hour power generation record as 9 MW wind turbine is launched Archived 2017-02-01 at the Wayback Machine" "", 30 January 2017.
  20. ^ "Homepage". Blauwwind (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2020-10-12. Retrieved 2020-10-08.
  21. ^ Bredsdorff, Magnus. "Nu indleder Vestas serieproduktion af verdens største havmølle Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine" Ingeniøren, 22 December 2014. Accessed: 24 December 2014.
  22. ^ Nymark, Jakob Skouboe og Jens (December 21, 2014). "Nu starter Vestas produktion af gigantisk havvindmølle". Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
  23. ^ "DONG PR". Archived from the original on 2017-03-24. Retrieved 2014-12-24.
  24. ^ "World's most powerful wind turbine selected for Belgium's largest offshore wind park". MHI Vestas Offshore Wind. Archived from the original on 22 February 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-11-27. Retrieved 2021-10-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ "V164 vindmøller indviet i Esbjerg" [V164 wind turbines inaugurated in Esbjerg]. (in Danish). 2016-04-28. Retrieved 2017-05-13.
  27. ^ "Horns Rev 3 Offshore Wind Farm". 2016-04-28. Archived from the original on 2017-06-28. Retrieved 2017-05-13.

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