Vestvågøy

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Vestvågøy kommune
View of Ballstad in Vestvågøy
View of Ballstad in Vestvågøy
Coat of arms of Vestvågøy kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Vestvågøy kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Vestvågøy within Nordland
Vestvågøy within Nordland
Coordinates: 68°13′17″N 13°47′04″E / 68.22139°N 13.78444°E / 68.22139; 13.78444Coordinates: 68°13′17″N 13°47′04″E / 68.22139°N 13.78444°E / 68.22139; 13.78444
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictLofoten
Established1 Jan 1963
Administrative centreLeknes
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Remi Solberg (Ap)
Area
 • Total424.56 km2 (163.92 sq mi)
 • Land406.95 km2 (157.12 sq mi)
 • Water17.61 km2 (6.80 sq mi)  4.1%
Area rank#233 in Norway
Population
(2018)
 • Total11,397
 • Rank#103 in Norway
 • Density28/km2 (70/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
6.4%
Demonym(s)Vestvågøyværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1860
Official language formNeutral
Websitevestvagoy.kommune.no

Vestvågøy is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Lofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Leknes. Some of the villages in the municipality include Ballstad, Borg, Bøstad, Gravdal, Knutstad, Stamsund, and Tangstad. With over 11,300 inhabitants, Vestvågøy is the most populous municipality in all of the Lofoten and Vesterålen regions in Nordland county.

The Lofotr museum in Borg shows a reconstructed Iron Age Viking chieftain's residence, with a house measuring 80 metres (262 ft), built of stone and turf.

The 425-square-kilometre (164 sq mi) municipality is the 233rd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Vestvågøy is the 103rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 11,397. The municipality's population density is 28 inhabitants per square kilometre (73/sq mi) and its population has increased by 6.4% over the last decade.[2][3]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Vestvågøy was created on 1 January 1963 when the four municipalities on the island of Vestvågøya were merged into one municipality for the whole island. The old municipalities on the island were Borge (population: 4,056), Buksnes (population: 4,416), Hol (population: 3,154), and Valberg (population: 662). Initially, Vestvågøy had 12,288 residents. The borders have not changed since.[4]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the island of Vestvågøya. The Old Norse name of the island was Lófót (see Lofoten) - but when Lofoten became the name of the whole archipelago, the old name was replaced with Vestvågøy. Vestvågøy can be broken down into three parts: vest-våg-øy which can be roughly translated as west-bay-island.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 7 September 1984. The arms show two dried codfish in white on a blue background. This was chosen since the municipality is one of the main Norwegian exporters of (dried) cod or stockfish and has been since the Middle Ages.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has five parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Vestvågøy. It is part of the Lofoten prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Vestvågøy
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Borge Borge Church Bøstad 1986
Knutstad Chapel Knutstad 1915
Buksnes Buksnes Church Gravdal 1905
Hol Hol Church Leknes 1806
Stamsund Stamsund Church Stamsund 1937
Valberg Valberg Church Valberg 1889

Geography[edit]

Uttakleiv beach.

Vestvågøy municipality is among the most scenic in Norway. It encompassed the whole island of Vestvågøya with the Norwegian Sea to the north and the Vestfjorden to the south. The island has rugged cliffs and peaks facing the southeastern coast. Towards the northwest, however, the land is flat, with extensive farmlands. Most people are found in the town of Leknes and in its "twin town" Gravdal, where Nordland Hospital is located. Along the southeastern coast, one finds picturesque fishing villages like Ballstad and Stamsund, where the Hurtigruten (coastal ferry) stops.

The coastline is dominated by high mountains, such as the 671-metre (2,201 ft) tall Skottinden, and on the west coast also sandy white beaches. Uttakleiv the most romantic beach in Europe, according to the British newspaper The Times, and the neighbouring Hauklandsstranden is ranked by the Norwegian newspaper Dagbladet as the best beach in Norway.

In Leknes, the sun (midnight sun) is above the horizon from May 26 until July 17, and in winter the sun does not rise from December 9 until January 4. The midnight sun is best viewed from the western beaches, such as Uttakleiv and Eggum.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kvalnes, on northern Vestvågøya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
1.4
(34.5)
2.1
(35.8)
4.4
(39.9)
8.6
(47.5)
12.2
(54.0)
14.1
(57.4)
14.0
(57.2)
10.8
(51.4)
7.3
(45.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.5
(36.5)
7.0
(44.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
0.4
(32.7)
2.6
(36.7)
6.5
(43.7)
9.5
(49.1)
11.5
(52.7)
11.9
(53.4)
8.9
(48.0)
5.7
(42.3)
2.5
(36.5)
0.5
(32.9)
5.0
(41.0)
Average low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−2.8
(27.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.2
(32.4)
3.8
(38.8)
7.2
(45.0)
9.5
(49.1)
9.7
(49.5)
6.9
(44.4)
3.5
(38.3)
0.3
(32.5)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.7
(36.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 117
(4.6)
93
(3.7)
89
(3.5)
70
(2.8)
48
(1.9)
50
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
68
(2.7)
111
(4.4)
153
(6.0)
126
(5.0)
139
(5.5)
1,135
(44.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16.2 14.2 15.1 11.7 8.9 9.9 11.5 11.0 15.8 18.0 18.2 17.7 168.2
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[6]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Vestvågøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[7] The municipality falls under the Lofoten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Vestvågøy is made up of 33 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Vestvågøy Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet11
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet3
 Conservative PartyHøyre8
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti2
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet De Grønne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet5
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti2
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
Total number of members:33

Transportation[edit]

Main street of Leknes by night

Leknes is the municipal and administrative centre and is situated in the geographical middle of Lofoten, approximately 68 kilometres (42 mi) west of Svolvær and 65 kilometres (40 mi) east of Å. Leknes is the trading and shopping centre of Lofoten, only rivaled by Svolvær. Leknes Airport is for smaller aircraft, with 7 daily scheduled flights to Bodø and some daily flights to Svolvær and Røst with Widerøe airlines. There is a small bus terminal which serves as a hub with bus links to the rest of Lofoten. The Leknes Havn (harbor) is one of Norway's most important and visited harbors for cruise ships. The coastal steamer has been an important means of communication for a century. It docks in Stamsund twice every night, one heading south towards Bodø the other heading north towards Svolvær.

The European route E10 highway crosses the municipality (and island) with the Sundklakkstraumen Bridge connecting to Vågan in the north and the Nappstraumen Tunnel connecting to Flakstad in the south.

International relations[edit]

Steirapollen in September

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Vestvågøy is twinned with:

Media gallery[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  6. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  7. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  9. ^ "Twin municipalities Norway-Iceland" (in Norwegian). Norwegian government. Retrieved 24 April 2012.

External links[edit]