Veternik

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For the mountain in Kosovo, see Veternik Mountain.
Veternik
Ветерник
Suburban settlement
New buildings in Lipov Gaj, Veternik
New buildings in Lipov Gaj, Veternik
Veternik is located in Novi Sad
Veternik
Veternik
Location within Novi Sad
Coordinates: 45°15′12″N 19°45′39″E / 45.25333°N 19.76083°E / 45.25333; 19.76083Coordinates: 45°15′12″N 19°45′39″E / 45.25333°N 19.76083°E / 45.25333; 19.76083
Country Serbia
ProvinceVojvodina
DistrictSouth Bačka
MunicipalityNovi Sad
Area
 • Total15.37 km2 (5.93 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total17,454
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code21203
Area code+381(0)21
Car platesNS

Veternik (Serbian Cyrillic: Ветерник) is a suburban settlement of the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. Its population numbers 17,454 (2011 census) and most of its inhabitants are ethnic Serbs. Over the years, especially in the 1990s, it grew with size and inhabitants thus merging with Futog to the west and Novi Sad to the east.

Name

Main road in Veternik (Novi Sad-Futog-Bačka Palanka)
Veternik

The settlement was named in honour of the assault of the Serbian army in the Veternik mountain area during the breach of the Macedonian front in World War I. It was first called Novi Veternik ("New Veternik"), but was later changed into Veternik. The name Veternik itself means "windy" in Serbian. [1]

In Serbian Cyrillic, the settlement is known as Ветерник, in Serbian Latin and Croatian as Veternik, and in Hungarian as Hadikliget.

History

The first settlement at this location was mentioned in 1848 and its name was Neu Ilof. It was a settlement for workers that worked in the nearby estate whose last owner was count Kotek.

The modern settlement was founded in 1918 as a settlement for Serb veterans from World War I. During World War II, the Hungarian occupational authorities relegated the population of the village across the Danube, and settled Hungarians from Bukovina into their houses. After the war, the population returned and settlement largely developed in the next period: from only 789 inhabitants that were recorded by the 1948 census, the population of Veternik rose to 18,626 in 2002.

Demographics

The population of Veternik grow almost 100% in a decade, from 10,271 in 1991 census up to 18,626, according to the 2002 census. This is because of the civil wars in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and post-war immigration from these two countries. According to the 2011 census Veternik had a population of 16,895 inhabitants, 1,731 less than 2002 census[1]

Historical population:

  • 1961: 1,908
  • 1971: 5,730
  • 1981: 9,556
  • 1991: 10,271
  • 2002: 18,626
  • 2011: 17,454

Status

Officially, Veternik holds suburban settlement status, as it is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad. Today, Veternik has merged with Novi Sad completely.

Features

Serbian Orthodox church

Besides basic village infrastructure (post office, two elementary schools, infirmary, library, market etc.), Veternik is also home to an institution for Handicapped Children and Young People. [2]

See also

References

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External links