Vexillary permutation

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In mathematics, a vexillary permutation is a permutation μ of the positive integers containing no subpermutation isomorphic to the permutation (2143); in other words, there do not exist four numbers i < j < k < l with μ(j) < μ(i) < μ(l) < μ(k). They were introduced by Lascoux and Schützenberger (1982, 1985). The word "vexillary" means flag-like, and comes from the fact that vexillary permutations are related to flags of modules.

Guibert, Pergola & Pinzani (2001) showed that vexillary involutions are enumerated by Motzkin numbers.

See also[edit]


  • Guibert, O.; Pergola, E.; Pinzani, R. (2001), "Vexillary involutions are enumerated by Motzkin numbers", Annals of Combinatorics, 5 (2): 153–174, doi:10.1007/PL00001297, ISSN 0218-0006, MR 1904383 
  • Lascoux, Alain; Schützenberger, Marcel-Paul (1982), "Polynômes de Schubert", Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Série I. Mathématique, 294 (13): 447–450, ISSN 0249-6291, MR 0660739 
  • Lascoux, Alain; Schützenberger, Marcel-Paul (1985), "Schubert polynomials and the Littlewood–Richardson rule", Letters in Mathematical Physics. A Journal for the Rapid Dissemination of Short Contributions in the Field of Mathematical Physics, 10 (2): 111–124, doi:10.1007/BF00398147, ISSN 0377-9017, MR 0815233 
  • Macdonald, I.G. (1991b), Notes on Schubert polynomials, Publications du Laboratoire de combinatoire et d'informatique mathématique, 6, Laboratoire de combinatoire et d'informatique mathématique (LACIM), Université du Québec a Montréal, ISBN 978-2-89276-086-6