Vișeu de Sus

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Vișeu de Sus
Town
One of many streets in the center of Vișeu de Sus
One of many streets in the center of Vișeu de Sus
Vișeu de Sus is located in Romania
Vișeu de Sus
Vișeu de Sus
Location of Vișeu de Sus
Coordinates: 47°42′33″N 24°25′26″E / 47.70917°N 24.42389°E / 47.70917; 24.42389Coordinates: 47°42′33″N 24°25′26″E / 47.70917°N 24.42389°E / 47.70917; 24.42389
Country  Romania
County Maramureș County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Vasile Coman (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 443.06 km2 (171.07 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,037
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Climate Dfb
Website http://viseudesus.ro/

Vișeu de Sus (Romanian pronunciation: [viˌʃe.u de ˈsus]; German: Oberwischau; Hungarian: Felsővisó) is a town in Maramureș County, northern Romania, located at the confluence of the Vişeu and the Vaser. It has an area of 443 km² and administers one village, Vișeu de Mijloc (Középvisó). The first documentary attestation is in 1365.

Forestry railway[edit]

Vișeu de Sus is the terminus of a forestry railway system that extends deep into the Vaser river valley approaching the Ukrainian border. Timber is cut on the hillsides at the head of the valley and brought down by rail for cutting in the sawmill at Vișeu. The waste wood is burned in the locomotive boilers. The nearest national railway (CFR standard gauge) passenger station is at Vișeu de Jos, 4 km away, on the line 409 from Salva to Sighetu Marmației. The passenger branch to Borșa (via Vișeu de Sus itself), although closed to passengers in 2009, remains mostly intact (as of 2014) for freight.

The railway serves also for public transport between Vișeu de Sus and Paltin (terminus station for public). Trains go every day during spring and summer (from 20th June to 18th September), the departure is at 9 AM. The stations on the way from Vișeu de Sus are: Novat, Novat Delta, Glimboaca, Cozia and Paltin.

Trains may be delayed or cancelled without prior warning due to bad weather or Mountain Rescue advice.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1956 13,956 —    
1966 16,601 +19.0%
1977 20,205 +21.7%
1992 19,167 −5.1%
2002 18,444 −3.8%
2011 15,037 −18.5%
Source: Census data

Its population is 14,448. The town is in a hilly area, and most of the people live in the valleys:

  • Țipțerai and Valea Poieniței
  • Valea Vinului (1000 inhabitants)
  • Valea Vaserului (800 inhabitants)
  • Valea Peștilor (500 inhabitants)
  • Valea Scradei (700 inhabitants)
  • Vișeu de Mijloc (1900 inhabitants)
  • Valea Botoaia, Arşiţa (500 inhabitants)
  • Rădeasa (900 inhabitants)

Sister cities[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

External links[edit]