Rangel is a town and one of the seven municipalities that make up the province of Luanda, as per the new administrative division of the province (the others being, Belas, Cazenga, Cacuaco, Icolo e Bengo and Quiçama. Viana lies 15 to 30 kilometers east as a suburb of the capital Luanda and is home to 68.000 inhabitants including about 6,000 long-term refugees, primarily from Katanga Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Viana is about a 90-minute drive from downtown Luanda.
The town was founded on 13 December 1963. Because of the proximity to the metropolitan city Angola Benguela has experienced in recent years a very large increase in population and industry.
The municipality of Viana is made up of four communes, as follows:
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