Viburnum nudum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Viburnum cassinoides)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Viburnum nudum
Viburnum nudum.png
1913 Illustration[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Adoxaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: V. nudum
Binomial name
Viburnum nudum
L.
Viburnum nudum range map 3.png
Natural range of Viburnum nudum

Viburnum nudum is a plant in the genus Viburnum within the muskroot family, Adoxaceae. (It was formerly part of Caprifoliaceae, the honeysuckle family).[2]

One variety of the species is Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides; synonyms for this variety Viburnum nitidum Aiton, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum cassinoides var. harbisonii, Viburnum cassinoides var. nitidum, and Viburnum nitidum.[3][2]

Common names for the plant include withe-rod, witherod viburnum, possumhaw, and wild raisin.[2]

Description[edit]

Viburnum nudum is a shrub with opposite, simple leaves, on slender stems. The flowers are white, borne in late spring.

Conservation status in the United States[edit]

It is listed as endangered in Kentucky and Pennsylvania[4] and as special concern species and believed extirpated in Connecticut.[5]

Native American ethnobotany[edit]

Cuisine[edit]

The Abenaki use the fruit[6] and the grains of var. cassinoides [7] for food. The Algonquin people eat the berries of var. cassinoides.[8]

Medicinal use[edit]

The Cherokee use var. cassinoides for several uses. They take an infusion of it to prevent recurrent spasms, use the root bark as a diaphoretic and a tonic, and take a compound infusion of it for fever, smallpox and ague. They also use an infusion of the bark as a wash for a sore tongue.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 3: 273.
  2. ^ a b c Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.
  3. ^ PLANTS Database
  4. ^ "Plants Profile for Viburnum nudum (possumhaw)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  5. ^ "Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species 2015". State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bureau of Natural Resources. Retrieved December 23, 2017. (Note: This list is newer than the one used by plants.usda.gov and is more up-to-date.)
  6. ^ Rousseau, Jacques, 1947, Ethnobotanique Abenakise, Archives de Folklore 11:145-182, page 152
  7. ^ Rousseau, Jacques, 1947, Ethnobotanique Abenakise, Archives de Folklore 11:145-182, page 173
  8. ^ Black, Meredith Jean, 1980, Algonquin Ethnobotany: An Interpretation of Aboriginal Adaptation in South Western Quebec, Ottawa. National Museums of Canada. Mercury Series Number 65, page 107
  9. ^ Hamel, Paul B. and Mary U. Chiltoskey, 1975, Cherokee Plants and Their Uses -- A 400 Year History, Sylva, N.C. Herald Publishing Co., page 62