|Dates||c. 200 BCE - 600 CE|
|Major sites||Cerro Vicús|
|Followed by||Tallán, Wari|
Vicús culture was an important early culture in Peru from 1000/200 BCE to 300/600 CE. They lived in the Piura region in the northern Pacific coast of Peru. Its administrative headquarters, located in the "Cerro Vicús", at an altitude of 170 meters above sea level, and which gives its name to this culture, served as a link with other Andean cities located further north.
The most important feature of this culture is agriculture, the basis for their economic development. It is known that they cultivated squash or mate, corn and some fruits, with advanced irrigation systems. These activities were complemented by livestock or hunting. The vicus, connoisseurs of the alloys of silver, gold and copper, even used these metals in the elaboration of their farming instruments.
It is known that Vicús was an eminently patriarchal society, where the men were the only ones who could wear jewelry and elegant clothing, while the women of the nobility could only wear very simple suits. The main instrument of control and social exploitation, backed by fierce militarism, was a strong contingent of noble warriors that scoured the domain to enforce the sovereign's mandates.
Their culture developed in three major stages:
- Chavín Stage;
- Regional development stage
- Mochica stage of influence.
They were known for their work in ceramics, copper, and gold. Living mainly on the coastal deserts, they used the native clay and local dyes to produce natural and religious symbols; modern day pottery from the town of Chulucanas is said to closely resemble the ancient art. They created Double spout and bridge vessel that created whistling sounds when pouring liquids.
- ^ "The Vicús Culture." Tampere Art Museum. (retrieved 3 May 2011)
- ^ a b Ransom, Brian (2000). "The Enigma of Whistling Water Jars in Pre-Columbian Ceramics."
- ^ Chulucanas Pottery History
- The Art of Precolumbian Gold: The Jan Mitchell Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1985. ISBN 9780297786276.
- Vicús artwork, National Museum of the American Indian
- Vicus pottery, Wereldmuseum Rotterdam, The Netherlands.