Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia
|Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia
Apostolicus Vicariatus Arabiae Septentrionalis
النيابة الرسولية العربية الشمالية
|Area||17,900 km2 (6,900 sq mi)|
|(as of 2014)
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||29 June 1953 (As Prefecture Apostolic of Kuwait)
2 December 1954 (As Apostolic Vicariate of Kuwait)
31 May 2011 (As Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia)
|Cathedral||Holy Family Cathedral, Kuwait|
|Apostolic Vicar||Camillo Ballin|
|Emeritus Bishops||Francis George Adeodatus Micallef Vicar Apostolic Emeritus (1982–2005)|
|Website of the Apostolic Vicariate|
The Apostolic Vicariate (or Vicariate Apostolic) of Northern Arabia (Latin: Vicariatus Apostolicus Arabiæ Septentrionalis Arabic: النيابة الرسولية العربية الشمالية) is a Catholic vicariate apostolic (exempt pre-diocesan Latin missionary jurisdiction) with official seat in Kuwait.
It is exempt, i.e. directly subject to the Holy See and its Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, not part of any ecclesiastical province.
As per 2014, it pastorally served 2,445,000 Catholics (6.7% of 36,252,722 total) on 2,179,846 km² in 10 parishes with 58 priests (18 diocesan, 40 religious), 2 deacons and 58 lay religious (40 brothers, 18 sisters).
- Established on 1953.06.29 as Apostolic Prefecture of Kuwait, on territory split off from the then Apostolic Vicariate of Arabia (now: of South Arabia)
- Promoted on 1954.12.02 as Apostolic Vicariate of Kuwait, hence entitled to a titular bishop.
- Renamed on 2011.05.31 as Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia (English) / Arabiæ Settentrionale (Latin adjective), having gained some additional territory from the Apostolic Vicariate of Arabia, which was simultaneously renamed the Apostolic Vicariate of Southern Arabia, which covers the other peninsular Arabian countries (Oman, UAE and Yemen).
In January 2011, Pope Benedict XVI through the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments declared the Blessed Virgin Mary under the title Our Lady of Arabia patroness of the Northern Vicariate.
In August 2012, it was decided to transfer the headquarters of the vicariate from Kuwait to Bahrain because Bahrain is closer to Saudi Arabia, where most of the vicariate's laypeople live. Another reason for the transfer was that Bahrain had a more lenient visa policy.
- Apostolic Prefect of Kuwait
- Apostolic Vicars of Kuwait
- Ubaldo Teofano Stella, O.C.D. (born Italy) (see above 2 December 1954 – retired March 1966), Titular Bishop of Antæopolis (1955.06.04 – death 1978.11.09)
- Victor León Esteban San Miguel y Erce, O.C.D. (born Spain) (31 May 1976 – retired 5 November 1981), Titular Bishop of Rusubbicari (1976.05.31 – death 1995.04.04); initially as Apostolic Administrator 1966.03.17 – 1976.05.31
- Francis George Adeodatus Micallef, O.C.D. (born Malta) (5 November 1981 – retired 14 July 2005), Titular Bishop of Tinisa in Proconsulari (1981.11.05 – ...)
- Camillo Ballin, Combonian Missionaries of the Heart of Jesus (M.C.C.I.) (born Italy) (14 July 2005 – 31 May 2011 see below), Titular Bishop of Arna (2005.07.14 – ...)
- Apostolic Vicars of Northern Arabia
- Camillo Ballin, M.C.C.I. (see above 31 May 2011 – ...)
Coat of arms
The proposal of coat of arms created by Marek Sobola, a heraldic artist from Slovakia. The colors of the new coat of arms are derived from the national colors of the states, which are incorporated into the Vicariate – Bahrain (red), Kuwait (black), Qatar (violet) and Saudi Arabia (green). The letter "M" is the symbol of the Blessed Virgin Mary under the title Our Lady of Arabia as patron saint of the Northern Vicariate.
- Roman Catholic Vicariate Apostolic of Southern Arabia
- List of Catholic dioceses in Southern Arabia
- Roman Catholicism in Bahrain
- Roman Catholicism in Kuwait
- Roman Catholicism in Saudi Arabia
- Roman Catholicism in Qatar
- "The Vicariates of the Arabian Peninsula: Introduction". The Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
- "Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia". Retrieved 22 August 2017.
- "Vatican moves Gulf seat to Bahrain to simplify logistics". 10 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2017.