Apostolic Vicariate of Vientiane

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Apostolic Vicariate of Vientiane
Vicariatus Apostolicus Vientianensis
Laos1 558.jpg
Cathedral of the Sacred Heart
Country Laos
Metropolitan Immediately subject to the Holy See
Area 98,000 km2 (38,000 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2002)
1.5 million
11,120 (0.8%)
Rite Latin
Cathedral Cathedral of the Sacred Heart in Vientiane
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Apostolic Vicar Sede Vacante
Apostolic Administrator Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun
Laos - Vic Ap di Vientiane.png

The Apostolic Vicariate (or Vicariate Apostolic) of Vientiane (Latin: Vicariatus Apostolicus Vientianensis) is a territorial jurisdiction of the Catholic Church located in northern Laos.

As an apostolic vicariate, it is a pre-diocesan jurisdiction, entitled to a titular bishop, and exempt, i.e., not part of any ecclesiastical province and directly dependent on the Holy See and its missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

The Apostolic Vicariate's cathedral episcopal see is Sacred Heart Cathedral in Vientiane, one of the country's largest churches. The vicariate is currently vacant, with Bishop Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun, Apostolic Vicar of Pakse (Laos), serving as apostolic administrator.


The vicariate covers 74,195 km² in the civil Laotian provinces of Houaphan, Xiangkhoang, Vientiane Province, Vientiane Prefecture and most of Bolikhamsai.

As per 2014 it pastorally served 14,947 Catholics (0.7% of 2,216,558 total) in 23 parishes with 5 priests (1 diocesan, 4 religious) and 24 lay religious (4 brothers, 20 sisters).


The vicariate goes back to the Apostolic Prefecture of Vientiane and Luang-Prabang, which was created on June 14, 1938, by splitting off the northern part of the Apostolic Vicariate of Laos.

On March 13, 1952, it was elevated to an Apostolic vicariate (hence entitled to a titular bishop, and renamed Vientiane after its see, a former Laotian national capital.

The northern part around Luang Prabang was split off on March 3, 1963, to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Luang Prabang, which since then has often been held in personal union with Vientiane or by an Apostolic administrator.


(all Roman Rite)

Apostolic Prefect of Vientiane and Luang-Prabang
Apostolic Vicars of Vientiane

See also[edit]

Sources and external links[edit]