Apostolic Vicariate of Vientiane

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Apostolic Vicariate of Vientiane
Vicariatus Apostolicus Vientianensis
ອັກຄະສາວົກແທນຂອງນະຄອນຫຼວງວຽງ
Laos1 558.jpg
Cathedral of the Sacred Heart
Location
Country Laos
Metropolitan Immediately subject to the Holy See
Statistics
Area 98,000 km2 (38,000 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2002)
1.5 million
11,120 (0.8%)
Information
Rite Latin
Cathedral Cathedral of the Sacred Heart in Vientiane
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Apostolic Vicar Jean Khamsé Vithavong, O.M.I
Map
Laos - Vic Ap di Vientiane.png

Apostolic Vicariate (or Vicariate Apostolic) of Vientiane (Latin: Vicariatus Apostolicus Vientianensis) is an Apostolic Vicariate (pre-diocesan missionary jurisdiction entitled to a titular bishop) of the Latin Roman Catholic Church in Laos.

It is exempt, i.e. directly subject to the Holy See (not part of any ecclesiastical province and its Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

Its cathedral episcopal see and one of the country's largest churches is the Sacred Heart Cathedral in Vientiane, which was built in 1928 and renovated in 2004/2005. It is currently vacant, under a temporary apostolic administrator.

Statistics[edit]

The vicariate covers 74,195 km² in the civil Laotian provinces of Houaphan, Xiangkhoang, Vientiane Province, Vientiane Prefecture and most of Bolikhamsai.

As per 2014 it pastorally served 14,947 Catholics (0.7% of 2,216,558 total) in 23 parishes with 5 priests (1 diocesan, 4 religious) and 24 lay religious (4 brothers, 20 sisters).

History[edit]

The vicariate goes back to the Apostolic Prefecture of Vientiane and Luang-Prabang, which was created on June 14, 1938, by splitting off the northern part of the Apostolic Vicariate of Laos.

On March 13, 1952, it was elevated to an Apostolic vicariate (hence entitled to a titular bishop, and renamed Vientiane after its see, a former Laotian national capital.

The northern part around Luang Prabang was split off on 3 March, 1963 to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Luang Prabang, which so far was usually held in personal union with Vientiane or under manadates as Apostolic administrator.

Ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite)

Apostolic Prefect of Vientiane and Luang-Prabang
Apostolic Vicars of Vientiane

See also[edit]

External links and sources[edit]