The Vice President of Brazil (Portuguese: Vice-presidente do Brasil) is the second-highest ranking government official in the executive branch of the Government of Brazil, preceded only by the president. The Vice President's primary role is to replace the president on the event of his or her death, resignation, or impeachment, and to temporarily take over the Presidency while the President is abroad, or otherwise temporarily unable to carry out his or her duties. The Vice President is elected jointly with the president as his or her running mate.
The office has existed since the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889, although it was only officially instated as of the 1891 Constitution. It has been in place throughout all of Brazil's republican history, save for the fifteen years of the Vargas Era, when it was abolished.
The requirements to run for the office of Vice President are exactly those of the Presidency itself. In addition to the ordinary requirements to run for political office in Brazil, under the terms of article 14 of the Constitution, a candidate for the Vice Presidency must be a natural born citizen of Brazil (which under certain circumstances may include the offspring of one or two Brazilian parents living abroad) and be at least 35 years of age.
The President and Vice President are elected in a single ticket for a four-year term, and are inaugurated on 1 January of the year following that of the election. Both may be reelected for a subsequent term. A Vice President who has succeeded a President may be reelected as President for an additional term.