Vice-President of Burundi
|Vice-President of the
Republic of Burundi
|Term length||5 years|
|Inaugural holder||Frédéric Bamvuginyumvira
and Mathias Sinamenye
|Formation||11 June 1998|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
History of the office
Interim Period (1998–2001)
Pierre Buyoya, a former President (1987–1993) who seized power in a 1996 military coup, was sworn in as President of the Republic on 11 June 1998. He appointed Frédéric Bamvuginyumvira, a Hutu member of the Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU), as 1st vice-president. Mathias Sinamenye, a Tutsi member of Buyoya's Union for National Progress (UPRONA) party, was appointed 2nd vice-president.
According to the transitional constitution, the vice-presidency consisted of two posts: The 1st vice-president (Responsible for political and administrative affairs) and the 2nd vice-president (Responsible for economic and social affairs).
Transitional Period (2001–2005)
A new transitional power-sharing government took office on 1 November 2001. Interim president Pierre Buyoya became transitional president for a period of 18 months. At the end of his term in 2003, Hutu Vice-President Domitien Ndayizeye took office and appointed a Tutsi (Alphonse-Marie Kadege) as vice-president. In November 2004, Kadege was sacked as vice-president and replaced by Frédéric Ngenzebuhoro. Although Ndayizeye's term was due to end in late 2004 following elections, the transitional period was extended and planned elections were delayed. Elections were held in mid-2005 and the transitional period is due to end on 26 August 2005, when the newly elected president takes office.
Vice-Presidency in the new Constitution
Burundi's new constitution, approved in a 28 February 2005 constitutional referendum, calls for a two-member vice-presidency (similar to that of the interim period). The 1st vice-president will be responsible for political and administrative affairs, while the 2nd vice-president will handle social and economic affairs. One vice-president will be an ethnic Hutu and the other a Tutsi. Nominees must be approved by both chambers of parliament in order to take office.
On 29 August 2005, President Pierre Nkurunziza nominated Martin Nduwimana and Alice Nzomukunda for the posts of 1st and 2nd vice-president. Both received approval from parliament and were immediately sworn in. Nzomukunda resigned on 5 September 2006. She was replaced by Marina Barampama two days later.
List of Vice-Presidents of Burundi
(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)
(for political parties)
|President||Term of office||Political party|
|Ethnicity||Took office||Left office||Duration|
|Hutu||11 June 1998||1 November 2001||3 years, 143 days||Front for Democracy in Burundi|
|Tutsi||Union for National Progress|
|Hutu||1 November 2001||30 April 2003||1 year, 175 days||Front for Democracy in Burundi|
|Tutsi||30 April 2003||11 November 2004||1 year, 195 days||Union for National Progress|
|Tutsi||11 November 2004||29 August 2005||291 days||Union for National Progress|
|Tutsi||29 August 2005||7 November 2007||2 years, 70 days||Union for National Progress|
|Hutu||5 September 2006||1 year, 7 days||National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy|
|Hutu||7 September 2006||8 February 2007||154 days||National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy|
|Hutu||8 February 2007||August 2010||3 years, 6 months||National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy|
|Tutsi||8 November 2007||2 years, 9 months||Union for National Progress|
|Tutsi||28 August 2010||Incumbent||4 years, 309 days||Union for National Progress|
|Hutu||National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy|
- Lists of Incumbents
- "Burundi VP steps down over graft", BBC, 5 September 2006.