Vice-President of Burundi

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Vice-President of the
Republic of Burundi
Coat of arms of Burundi.svg
Incumbent
Therence Sinunguruza
and Gervais Rufyikiri

since 28 August 2010
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Frédéric Bamvuginyumvira
and Mathias Sinamenye
Formation 11 June 1998
Coat of arms of Burundi.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Burundi
Foreign relations

The position of Vice-President of the Republic of Burundi was created in June 1998, when a transitional constitution went into effect. It replaced the post of Prime Minister.

History of the office[edit]

Interim Period (1998–2001)[edit]

Pierre Buyoya, a former President (1987–1993) who seized power in a 1996 military coup, was sworn in as President of the Republic on 11 June 1998. He appointed Frédéric Bamvuginyumvira, a Hutu member of the Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU), as 1st vice-president. Mathias Sinamenye, a Tutsi member of Buyoya's Union for National Progress (UPRONA) party, was appointed 2nd vice-president.

According to the transitional constitution, the vice-presidency consisted of two posts: The 1st vice-president (Responsible for political and administrative affairs) and the 2nd vice-president (Responsible for economic and social affairs).

Transitional Period (2001–2005)[edit]

A new transitional power-sharing government took office on 1 November 2001. Interim president Pierre Buyoya became transitional president for a period of 18 months. At the end of his term in 2003, Hutu Vice-President Domitien Ndayizeye took office and appointed a Tutsi (Alphonse-Marie Kadege) as vice-president. In November 2004, Kadege was sacked as vice-president and replaced by Frédéric Ngenzebuhoro. Although Ndayizeye's term was due to end in late 2004 following elections, the transitional period was extended and planned elections were delayed. Elections were held in mid-2005 and the transitional period is due to end on 26 August 2005, when the newly elected president takes office.

Vice-Presidency in the new Constitution[edit]

Burundi's new constitution, approved in a 28 February 2005 constitutional referendum, calls for a two-member vice-presidency (similar to that of the interim period). The 1st vice-president will be responsible for political and administrative affairs, while the 2nd vice-president will handle social and economic affairs. One vice-president will be an ethnic Hutu and the other a Tutsi. Nominees must be approved by both chambers of parliament in order to take office.

On 29 August 2005, President Pierre Nkurunziza nominated Martin Nduwimana and Alice Nzomukunda for the posts of 1st and 2nd vice-president. Both received approval from parliament and were immediately sworn in. Nzomukunda resigned on 5 September 2006.[1] She was replaced by Marina Barampama two days later.

In February 2007, Barampama was replaced by Gabriel Ntisezerana. In November 2007, Nduwimana was replaced by Yves Sahinguvu.

In August 2010, Sahinguvu was replaced by Therence Sinunguruza and Ntisezerana was replaced by Gervais Rufyikiri.

List of Vice-Presidents of Burundi[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Colour key
(for political parties)
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Ethnicity Took office Left office Duration
No image.png Frédéric Bamvuginyumvira
(b. 1961)
First Vice-President
Hutu 11 June 1998 1 November 2001 3 years, 143 days Front for Democracy in Burundi
No image.png Mathias Sinamenye

Second Vice-President
Tutsi Union for National Progress
No image.png Domitien Ndayizeye
(b. 1953)
Vice-President
Hutu 1 November 2001 30 April 2003 1 year, 175 days Front for Democracy in Burundi
No image.png Alphonse-Marie Kadege

Vice-President
Tutsi 30 April 2003 11 November 2004 1 year, 195 days Union for National Progress
No image.png Frédéric Ngenzebuhoro

Vice-President
Tutsi 11 November 2004 29 August 2005 291 days Union for National Progress
No image.png Martin Nduwimana
(b. 1958)
First Vice-President
Tutsi 29 August 2005 7 November 2007 2 years, 70 days Union for National Progress
No image.png Alice Nzomukunda
(b. 1966)
Second Vice-President
Hutu 5 September 2006 1 year, 7 days National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy
No image.png Marina Barampama
(b. 1969)
Second Vice-President
Hutu 7 September 2006 8 February 2007 154 days National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy
Gabriel Ntisezerana with Obamas cropped.jpg Gabriel Ntisezerana

Second Vice-President
Hutu 8 February 2007 August 2010 3 years, 6 months National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy
No image.png Yves Sahinguvu
(b. 1949)
First Vice-President
Tutsi 8 November 2007 2 years, 9 months Union for National Progress
No image.png Therence Sinunguruza
(b. 1959)
First Vice-President
Tutsi 28 August 2010 Incumbent 4 years, 309 days Union for National Progress
No image.png Gervais Rufyikiri
(b. 1965)
Second Vice-President
Hutu National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burundi VP steps down over graft", BBC, 5 September 2006.

External links[edit]