Vice-President of the Council of State (Netherlands)

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Vice-President of the Council of State of the Netherlands
Vice-President van de Raad van State
State coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
State Coat of arms of the Netherlands
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Flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Vice-President of the Council of State
Incumbent
Thom de Graaf

since 1 November 2018
Member ofCouncil of State
NominatorKajsa Ollongren as
Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
AppointerThe King
Term lengthLife tenure with mandatory retirement at the age of 70
Formation12 April 1814; 204 years ago (1814-04-12)
First holderGijsbert Karel van Hogendorp
Unofficial namesViceroy of the Netherlands [1][2]
WebsiteThe Council of State
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
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The Vice-President of the Council of State (Dutch: Vice-President van de Raad van State) is the de facto presiding officer of the Council of State.[3] The Monarch serves as ex officio President of the Council of State but in reality seldom chairs meetings, in his absence the Vice-President serves as pro tempore chair of those meetings. The Vice-President is also in charge of the Council's organisation and administrative duties. The Constitution of the Netherlands stipulates that if the royal house were to become extinct the Vice-President will become the acting Head of state. Like the other Members of the Council of State the Vice President is appointed by the Monarch upon nomination by the Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations. The service of the Vice-President is a life tenure appointment but is required by law to enter a mandatory retirement at the age of 70. Alternatively, an early retirement or a forced termination of his tenure can be given by the Monarch in a Royal Decree.[4]

The current Vice-President of the Council of State is Thom de Graaf.[5]

List of Vice-Presidents[edit]

Portrait Name Term of office Party Monarch Ref
Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp Count
Gijsbert Karel
van Hogendorp

(1762–1834)
12 April 1814 –
7 November 1816
(2 years, 209 days)
Independent
(pro-government)
King William I [6]
Johan Hendrik Mollerus Baron
Johan Hendrik Mollerus
(1750–1834)
7 November 1816 –
1 July 1829
(12 years, 236 days)
Independent
(pro-government)
[7]
William, Prince of Orange His Royal Highness
William, Prince of Orange
(1792–1849)
1 July 1829 –
7 October 1840
(19 years, 98 days)
Nonpartisan
(Royal House)
[8]
Vacant King William II
Henri van Doorn van Westcapelle Dr.
Baron
Henri van Doorn
van Westcapelle

(1786–1853)
1 January 1841 –
26 March 1848
(7 years, 85 days)
Independent
Conservative

(ultraconservative)
[9]
Willem Gerard van de Poll Jonkheer
Willem Gerard
van de Poll

(1793–1872)
26 March 1848 –
1 April 1858
(10 years, 6 days)
Independent [10]
King William II
Vacant
Aeneas Mackay Baron
Aeneas Mackay
(1806–1876)
1 July 1862 –
6 March 1876
(13 years, 249 days)
Independent
Antirevolutionary
[11]
Vacant
Gerlach Cornelis Joannes van Reenen Jonkheer
Gerlach Cornelis
Joannes van Reenen

(1818–1893)
1 April 1876 –
31 May 1893
(17 years, 60 days)
Independent
Conservative
[12]
Queen Wilhelmina
Vacant
Bram van Panhuys Jonkheer
Bram van Panhuys
(1837–1907)
1 August 1893 –
1 January 1897
(3 years, 153 days)
Independent
Liberal
[13][14]
Vacant
Johan Willem Meinard Schorer Jonkheer
Johan Willem
Meinard Schorer

(1834–1903)
1 February 1897 –
1 October 1903
(6 years, 242 days)
[Died]
Independent
Liberal
[15]
Vacant
Petrus Johannes van Swinderen Jonkheer
Petrus Johannes
van Swinderen

(1842–1911)
1 December 1903 –
19 December 1911
(8 years, 18 days)
[Died]
Christian Historical Party
(until 1908)
[16]
Christian Historical Union
(from 1908)
Vacant
Joan Röell Jonkheer
Joan Röell
(1844–1914)
1 February 1912 –
13 July 1914
(2 years, 162 days)
[Died]
League of Free Liberals [17]
Vacant
Wilhelmus Frederik van Leeuwen Dr.
Wilhelmus Frederik
van Leeuwen

(1860–1930)
16 December 1914 –
18 April 1928
(13 years, 124 days)
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
[18]
Vacant
Alex van Lynden van Sandenburg Dr.
Count
Alex van Lynden
van Sandenburg

(1873–1932)
1 May 1928 –
25 December 1932
(4 years, 238 days)
[Died]
Anti-Revolutionary Party [19]
Vacant
Frans Beelaerts van Blokland Jonkheer
Frans Beelaerts van Blokland
(1872–1956)
20 April 1933 –
27 March 1956
(22 years, 342 days)
[Died]
Christian Historical Union [20]
Queen Juliana
Vacant
Bram Rutgers Dr.
Bram Rutgers
(1884–1966)
16 May 1956 –
1 August 1959
(3 years, 77 days)
Anti-Revolutionary Party [21]
Louis Beel Dr.
Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
1 August 1959 –
1 July 1972
(12 years, 335 days)
Catholic People's Party [22]
Vacant
Marinus Ruppert Dr.
Marinus Ruppert
(1911–1992)
1 September 1973 –
1 October 1980
(7 years, 30 days)
Anti-Revolutionary Party [23]
Queen Beatrix
Willem Scholten Willem Scholten
(1927–2005)
1 October 1980 –
1 July 1997
(16 years, 273 days)
Christian Historical Union
(until 1980)
[24]
Christian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Herman Tjeenk Willink Dr.
Herman Tjeenk Willink
(born 1942)
1 July 1997 –
1 February 2012
(14 years, 215 days)
Labour Party [25]
Piet Hein Donner Piet Hein Donner
(born 1948)
1 February 2012 –
1 November 2018
(6 years, 273 days)
Christian Democratic Appeal [26]
King Willem-Alexander
Thom de Graaf Thom de Graaf
(born 1957)
1 November 2018
(101 days)
Democrats 66 [27]
Died Died in office.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Dutch) "Donner onderkoning van Nederland?". EenVandaag. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  2. ^ (in Dutch) "'Onderkoning van Nederland'". Telegraaf. 21 May 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  3. ^ "The Council of State". The Council of State. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Wet op de Raad van State". The Council of State. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  5. ^ "De Raad van State wil zichzelf hervormen. Voor De Graaf, de nieuwe vicevoorzitter, is er werk aan de winkel". De Volkskrant (in Dutch). 31 October 2018. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Mr. G.K. graaf van Hogendorp". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Mr. J.H. baron Mollerus". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Z.M. (koning Willem II) koning Willem Frederik George Lodewijk , koning der Nederlanden, groothertog van Luxemburg, hertog van Limburg, prins van Oranje-Nassau". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Mr. H.J. (Henri) baron van Doorn van Westcapelle". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Jhr.Mr. W.G. van de Poll". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  11. ^ "Mr. Æ. baron Mackay". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  12. ^ "Jhr.Mr. G.C.J. van Reenen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Jhr.Mr. J.Æ.A. van Panhuys". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  14. ^ "Vicepresidenten van de Raad van State". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Jhr.Mr. J.W.M. Schorer". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Jhr.Mr. P.J. van Swinderen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  17. ^ "Jhr.Mr. J. Röell". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  18. ^ "Mr.Dr. W.F. van Leeuwen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Mr.dr. F.A.C. (Alex) graaf van Lynden van Sandenburg". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  20. ^ "Jhr.Mr. F. Beelaerts van Blokland". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  21. ^ "Dr. A.A.L. (Bram) Rutgers". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  22. ^ "Dr. L.J.M. (Louis) Beel". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  23. ^ "Dr. M. (Marinus) Ruppert". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  24. ^ "Mr. W. (Willem) Scholten". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  25. ^ "Mr. H.D. (Herman) Tjeenk Willink". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  26. ^ "Prof.Mr. J.P.H. (Piet Hein) Donner". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  27. ^ "Mr. Th.C. (Thom) de Graaf". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 June 2018.