Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress

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The Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (simplified Chinese: 全国人民代表大会常务委员会副委员长; traditional Chinese: 全國人民代表大會常務委員會副委員長; pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì Fùwěiyuánzhăng) is a political office in the People's Republic of China. According to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, Vice-Chairpersons are responsible for assisting the Chairman in performing his duties as chair of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Since 1982, Vice-Chairpersons are appointed for a term of five years, and cannot serve for more than two terms, similar with the “Deputy Speaker of the Chinese Parliament”.

List of officeholders[edit]

Name
(birth–death)
Ethnic name
Chinese name
Portrait Gender Ethnic Party
Post
Took office Left office Tenure Congress Term(s) Other post(s) hold meantime
during the tenure
Soong Ching-ling
(1893–1981)
宋庆龄
Female Han RCCK 15 September 1954 18 April 1959 4 years, 215 days 1st Vice Chairwoman, 2nd National Committee, CPPCC (1954–1959)
RCCK 17 January 1975 29 May 1981 6 years, 132 days 4th, 5th Head of state, PRC, as Acting Chairwoman, 4th NPCSC (6 July 1976 – 5 March 1978, 1 year, 242 days);
Honorary Chairwoman, PRC (since 16 May 1981)
CPC
(since 15 May 1981)
Lin Boqu
(1886–1960)
林伯渠
Male Han CPC
Politburo
19451960
15 September 1954 29 May 1960 (death) 5 years, 258 days 1st, 2nd
Li Jishen
(1885–1959)
李济深
Male Han RCCK
Chairman
1948–1959
15 September 1954 9 October 1959 5 years, 24 days 1st, 2nd
Zhang Lan
(1872–1955)
张澜
Male Han CDL
Chairman
1941–1955
15 September 1954 9 February 1955 147 days 1st
Luo Ronghuan
(1902–1963)
罗荣桓
Male Han CPC 15 September 1954 16 December 1963 9 years, 92 days 1st, 2nd
Shen Junru
(1875–1963)
沈钧儒
Male Han CDL
Chairman
1955–1963
15 September 1954 11 June 1963 8 years, 269 days 1st, 2nd
Guo Moruo
(1892–1978)
郭沫若
Male Han CPC 15 September 1954 12 June 1978 23 years, 270 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th,
5th
President, Chinese Academy of Sciences (1949–1978);
President, China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (1949–1979)
Huang Yanpei
(1878–1965)
黄炎培
Male Han CDNCA
Chairman
1945–1965
15 September 1954 21 December 1965 8 years, 269 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
CDL
Co-Founder
Peng Zhen
(1902–1997)
彭真
Male Han CPC
Politburo
19451966
27 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 108 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd Secretary-General, 1st & 2nd NPCSCs (1954–1965)
CPC
Politburo
19791987
1 July 1979 6 June 1983 3 years, 340 days 5th
Li Weihan
(1896–1984)
李维汉
Male Han CPC 15 September 1954 21 December 1964 10 years, 97 days 1st, 2nd
Chen Shutong
(1876–1966)
陈叔通
Male Han Non-partisan 15 September 1954 17 February 1966 11 years, 155 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Tenzin Gyatso, Dalai Lama
(born 1935)
达赖喇嘛·丹增嘉措
Male Tibetan Non-partisan 15 September 1954 21 December 1964 10 years, 97 days 1st, 2nd Chairman, Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region (1956–1959)
Saifuddin Azizi
(1915–2003)
سەيپىدىن ئەزىزى
赛福鼎·艾则孜
Male Uyghur CPC
Politburo (Alternate)
19731982
15 September 1954 15 March 1993 38 years, 181 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th,
5th, 6th, 7th
Chairman, CPPCC Xinjiang Committee;
First Secretary, CPC Xinjiang Committee;
Director, Xinjiang Revolutionary Committee
Cheng Qian
(1882–1968)
程潜
Male Han RCCK
Vice-Chairman
11 February 1958 5 April 1968 10 years, 54 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd Governor of Hunan (1952–1967)
Choekyi Gyaltsen, Panchen Erdeni
(1938–1989)
班禅额尔德尼·却吉坚赞
Male Tibetan Non-partisan 15 September 1954 18 April 1959 4 years, 215 days 2nd First Vice-Chairman and later Acting Chairman, Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region (1956–1964)
10 September 1980 28 January 1989 8 years, 140 days 5th, 6th, 7th Honorary President, Buddhist Association of China;
He Xiangning
(1878–1972)
何香凝
Female Han RCCK
Chairwoman
1960–1972
18 April 1959 1 September 1972 13 years, 136 days 2nd, 3rd
Liu Bocheng
(1892–1986)
刘伯承
Male Han CPC 18 April 1959 6 June 1983 24 years, 49 days 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th
Lin Feng
(1906–1977)
林枫
Male Han CPC 18 April 1959 13 January 1975 15 years, 270 days 2nd, 3rd, 4th President, CPC Central Party School (1963–1966)
Li Jingquan
(1908–1989)
李井泉
Male Han CPC 4 January 1965 1966 362 days 3rd
17 January 1975 1982 6 years, 349 days 4th, 5th
Kang Sheng
(1898–1975)
康生
Male Han CPC
Vice-Chairman
1973–1975
4 January 1965 16 December 1975 10 years, 9 days 3rd, 4th
Li Xuefeng
(1907–2003)
李雪峰
Male Han CPC 4 January 1965 13 January 1975 10 years, 9 days 3rd
Xu Xiangqian
(1901–1990)
徐向前
Male Han CPC 4 January 1965 26 February 1978 13 years, 53 days 3rd, 4th
Liu Ningyi
(1907–1994)
刘宁一
Male Han CPC 4 January 1965 13 January 1975 10 years, 9 days 3rd Secretary-General, 3rd NPCSC (1965–1975)
Zhang Zhizhong
(1890–1969)
张治中
Male Han RCCK
Vice-Chairman
4 January 1965 13 January 1969 4 years, 9 days 3rd
Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme
(1910–2009)
ང་ཕོད་ངག་དབང་འཇིགས་མེད་
阿沛·阿旺晋美
Male Tibetan Non-partisan 4 January 1965 15 March 1993 28 years, 70 days 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th,
7th
Zhou Jianren
(1888–1984)
周建人
Male Han CAPD
Chairman
1979–1984
4 January 1965 6 June 1983 18 years, 153 days 3rd, 4th, 5th Governor of Zhejiang (1958–1966)
CPC
Dong Biwu
(1886–1975)
董必武
Male Han CPC 17 January 1975 26 February 1978 3 years, 40 days 4th
Wu De
(1913–1995)
吴德
Male Han CPC 17 January 1975 6 June 1983 8 years, 140 days 4th, 5th
Wei Guoqing
(1913–1989)
韦国清
Male Zhuang CPC 17 January 1975 15 March 1993 18 years, 57 days 4th, 5th, 6th,
7th
Nie Rongzhen
(1899–1992)
聂荣臻
Male Han CPC 17 January 1975 6 June 1983 8 years, 140 days 4th, 5th
Chen Yun
(1908–1983)
陈云
Male Han CPC 17 January 1975 6 June 1983 8 years, 140 days 4th, 5th
Tan Zhenlin
(1902–1983)
谭震林
Male Han CPC 17 January 1975 6 June 1983 8 years, 140 days 4th, 5th
Zhang Dingcheng
(1889–1981)
张鼎丞
Male Han CPC 17 January 1975 16 December 1981 6 years, 333 days 4th, 5th
Cai Chang
(1900–1990)
蔡畅
Female Han CPC 17 January 1975 6 June 1983 8 years, 140 days 4th, 5th
Ulanhu
(1906–1988)
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠦᠦ
乌兰夫
Male Mongol CPC
Politburo
19771985
17 January 1975 6 June 1983 8 years, 140 days 4th, 5th
CPC 25 March 1988 8 December 1988 (death) 258 days 7th
Xu Deheng
(1890–1990)
许德珩
Male Han JS
Chairman
1946–1987
17 January 1975 25 March 1988 13 years, 68 days 4th, 5th, 6th
Hu Juewen
(1895–1989)
胡厥文
Male Han CDNCA
Chairman
1979–1987
17 January 1975 25 March 1988 13 years, 68 days 4th, 5th, 6th
Li Suwen
(born 1935)
李素文
Female Han CPC 17 January 1975 26 February 1978 3 years, 40 days 4th
Yao Lianwei
(1935–2012)
姚连蔚
Male Han CPC 17 January 1975 26 February 1978 3 years, 40 days 4th
Deng Yingchao
(1904–1992)
邓颖超
Female Han CPC 2 December 1976 6 June 1983 1 year, 320 days 4th, 5th
Liao Chengzhi
(1908–1983)
廖承志
Male Han CPC 5 March 1978 6 June 1983 5 years, 93 days 5th
Ji Pengfei
(1910–2000)
姬鹏飞
Male Han CPC 5 March 1978 6 June 1983 5 years, 93 days 5th
Xiao Jinguang
(1903–1989)
萧劲光
Male Han CPC 1 July 1979 6 June 1983 5 years, 93 days 5th
Zhu Yunshan
(1887–1981)
朱蕴山
Male Han RCCK
Chairman
1979–1981
1 July 1979 6 June 1983 5 years, 93 days 5th
Shi Liang
(1900–1985)
史良
Female Han CDL
Chairwoman
1979–1985
1 July 1979 6 September 1985 7 years, 185 days 5th, 6th
Peng Chong
(1915–2010)
彭冲
Male Han CPC
Politburo
1977–1982
10 September 1980 6 June 1983 5 years, 93 days 5th, 6th, 7th
Xi Zhongxun
(1913–2002)
习仲勋
Male Han CPC
Politburo
1982–1987
10 September 1980 15 March 1983 5 years, 10 days 5th
25 March 1988 15 March 1993 4 years, 355 days 7th
Su Yu
(1907–1984)
粟裕
Male Han CPC 10 September 1980 6 June 1983 5 years, 93 days 5th
Yang Shangkun
(1907–1998)
杨尚昆
Male Han CPC 10 September 1980 6 June 1983 5 years, 93 days 5th
Zhu Xuefan
(1905–1996)
朱学范
Male Han RCCK
Chairman
1988–1992
13 December 1981 15 March 1993 11 years, 74 days 5th
Chen Pixian
(1916–1995)
陈丕显
Male Han CPC 21 June 1983 25 March 1988 4 years, 278 days 6th
Geng Biao
(1909–2000)
耿飚
Male Han CPC 21 June 1983 25 March 1988 4 years, 278 days 6th
Wang Renzhong
(1917–1992)
王任重
Male Han CPC 21 June 1983 25 March 1988 4 years, 278 days 6th
Zhou Gucheng
(1898–1996)
周谷城
Male Han CPWDP
Chairman
1987–1988
21 June 1983 15 March 1993 9 years, 267 days 6th, 7th
Yan Jici
(1901–1996)
严济慈
Male Han JS 21 June 1983 15 March 1993 9 years, 267 days 6th, 7th
Hu Yuzhi
(1896–1986)
胡愈之
Male Han CDL
Acting Chairman
1985–1986
21 June 1983 16 January 1986 2 years, 209 days 6th
Rong Yiren
(1916–2005)
荣毅仁
Male Han CDNCA 21 June 1983 15 March 1993 9 years, 267 days 6th, 7th Chairman, All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce (1988–1993)
CPC
(since 1985)(secretly)
Ye Fei
(1914–1999)
叶飞
Male Han CPC 21 June 1983 15 March 1993 9 years, 267 days 6th, 7th
Liao Hansheng
(1911–2006)
廖汉生
Male Han CPC 21 June 1983 15 March 1993 9 years, 267 days 6th, 7th
Han Xianchu
(1913–1986)
韩先楚
Male Han CPC 21 June 1983 25 March 1988 4 years, 278 days 6th
Huang Hua
(1913–2010)
黄华
Male Han CPC 21 June 1983 25 March 1988 4 years, 278 days 6th
Chu Tunan
(1899–1994)
楚图南
Male Han CDL
Chairman
1986–1987
12 April 1986 25 March 1988 1 year, 348 days 6th
Ni Zhifu
(1933–2013)
倪志福
Male Han CPC 13 April 1988 5 March 1998 9 years, 326 days 7th, 8th Chairman, All-China Federation of Trade Unions (1978–1993)
Chen Muhua
(1921–2011)
陈慕华
Female Han CPC 13 April 1988 5 March 1998 9 years, 326 days 7th, 8th Chairwoman, All-China Women's Federation (1988–1998)
Fei Xiaotong
(1910–2005)
费孝通
Male Han CDL
Chairman
1987–1996
13 April 1988 5 March 1998 9 years, 326 days 7th, 8th
Sun Qimeng
(1911–2010)
孙起孟
Male Han CDNCA
Chairman
1987–1996
13 April 1988 5 March 1998 9 years, 326 days 7th, 8th
Lei Jieqiong
(1905–2011)
雷洁琼
Female Han CAPD
Chairwoman
1987–1997
13 April 1988 5 March 1998 9 years, 326 days 7th, 8th
Wang Hanbin
(born 1925)
王汉斌
Male Han CPC 13 April 1988 5 March 1998 9 years, 326 days 7th, 8th
Tian Jiyun
(born 1929)
田纪云
Male Han CPC 15 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 355 days 8th, 9th
Qin Jiwei
(1914–1997)
秦基伟
Male Han CPC 15 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 355 days 8th, 9th
Li Ximing
(1926–2008)
李锡铭
Male Han CPC 15 March 1993 5 March 1998 4 years, 355 days 8th
Wang Bingqian
(born 1925)
王丙乾
Male Han CPC 15 March 1993 5 March 1998 4 years, 355 days 8th
Pagbalha Geleg Namgyai
(born 1940)
འཕགས་པ་ལྷ་དགེ་ལེགས་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་
帕巴拉·格列朗杰
Male Tibetan Non-partisan 15 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 355 days 8th, 9th
Wang Guangying
(1919–2018)
王光英
Male Han CDNCA
Vice-Chairman
15 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 355 days 8th, 9th
Cheng Siyuan
(1908–2005)
程思远
Male Han Non-partisan 15 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 355 days 8th, 9th
Lu Jiaxi
(1915–2001)
卢嘉锡
Male Han CPWDP
Chairman
1988–1997
15 March 1993 5 March 1998 4 years, 355 days 8th
Buhe
(1926–2017)
ᠪᠥᠭᠡ
布赫
Male Mongol CPC 15 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 355 days 8th, 9th
Tömür Dawamat
(born 1927)
تۆمۈرداۋامەت
铁木尔·达瓦买提
Male Uyghur CPC 15 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 355 days 8th, 9th
Gan Ku
(1924–1993)
甘苦
Male Han CPC 15 March 1993 25 July 1993 132 days 8th
Li Peiyao
(1933–1996)
李沛瑶
Male Han RCCK
Chairman
1992–1996
15 March 1993 2 February 1996
(killed)
2 years, 324 days 8th
Wu Jieping
(1917–2011)
吴阶平
Male Han JS
Chairman
1992–2002
15 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 355 days 8th, 9th
CPC
Xie Fei
(1932–1999)
谢非
Male Han CPC
Politburo
1992–1999
19 March 1998 27 October 1999 (died) 1 year, 222 days 9th
Jiang Chunyun
(born 1930)
姜春云
Male Han CPC 19 March 1998 5 March 2003 4 years, 351 days 9th
Zou Jiahua
(born 1926)
邹家华
Male Han CPC 19 March 1998 5 March 2003 4 years, 351 days 9th
Peng Peiyun
(born 1929)
彭珮云
Female Han CPC 19 March 1998 5 March 2003 4 years, 351 days 9th Chairwoman, All-China Women's Federation (1998–2003)
He Luli
(born 1934)
何鲁丽
Female Han RCCK
Chairwoman
1996–2007
19 March 1998 5 March 2008 9 years, 352 days 9th, 10th
Zhou Guangzhao
(born 1929)
周光召
Male Han CPC 19 March 1998 5 March 2003 4 years, 351 days 9th
Cheng Kejie
(1933–2000)
成克杰
Male Zhuang CPC 19 March 1998 14 September 2000
(removed)
2 years, 179 days 9th
Cao Zhi
(born 1928)
曹志
Male Han CPC 19 March 1998 5 March 2003 4 years, 351 days 9th
Ding Shisun
(born 1927)
丁石孙
Male Han CDL
Chairman
1996–2005
19 March 1998 5 March 2008 9 years, 352 days 9th, 10th
Cheng Siwei
(1935–2015)
成思危
Male Han CDNCA
Chairman
1996–2007
19 March 1998 5 March 2008 9 years, 352 days 9th, 10th
Xu Jialu
(born 1937)
许嘉璐
Male Han CAPD
Chairman
1997–2007
19 March 1998 5 March 2008 9 years, 352 days 9th, 10th
Jiang Zhenghua
(born 1937)
蒋正华
Male Han CPWDP
Chairman
1997–2007
19 March 1998 5 March 2008 9 years, 352 days 9th, 10th
Wang Zhaoguo
(born 1941)
王兆国
Male Han CPC
Politburo
2012–2017
18 March 2003 5 March 2013 9 years, 352 days 10th, 11th Chairman, All-China Federation of Trade Unions (2002–2013)
Li Tieying
(born 1936)
李铁映
Male Han CPC 18 March 2003 5 March 2008 4 years, 353 days 10th
Gu Xiulian
(born 1936)
顾秀莲
Female Han CPC 18 March 2003 5 March 2008 4 years, 353 days 10th Chairwoman, All-China Women's Federation (2003–2008)
Raidi
(born 1938)
རག་སྡི་
热地
Male Tibetan CPC 18 March 2003 5 March 2008 4 years, 353 days 10th
Sheng Huaren
(born 1935)
盛华仁
Male Han CPC 18 March 2003 5 March 2008 4 years, 353 days 10th
Lu Yongxiang
(born 1942)
路甬祥
Male Han CPC 18 March 2003 5 March 2013 9 years, 352 days 10th, 11th President, Chinese Academy of Sciences (1997–2011)
Uyunqimg
(born 1942)
ᠣᠶᠤᠨᠴᠢᠮᠡᠭ
乌云其木格
Female Mongol CPC 18 March 2003 5 March 2013 9 years, 352 days 10th, 11th
Han Qide
(born 1945)
韩启德
Male Han JS
Chairman
2002–2012
18 March 2003 5 March 2013 9 years, 352 days 10th, 11th
CPC
Fu Tieshan
(1931–2007)
傅铁山
Male Han Non-partisan 18 March 2003 20 April 2007 4 years, 33 days 10th Chairman, Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association;
Bishop of Beijing
Hua Jianmin
(born 1940)
华建敏
Male Han CPC 18 March 2008 5 March 2013 4 years, 352 days 11th
Chen Zhili
(born 1942)
陈至立
Female Han CPC 18 March 2008 5 March 2013 4 years, 352 days 11th Chairwoman, All-China Women's Federation (2008–2013)
Zhou Tienong
(born 1938)
周铁农
Male Han RCCK
Chairman
2007–2012
18 March 2008 5 March 2013 4 years, 352 days 11th
Li Jianguo
(born 1946)
李建国
Male Han CPC
Politburo
2012–2017
18 March 2008 17 March 2018 9 years, 364 days 11th, 12th Secretary-General, 11th NPCSC (2008–2013);
Chairman, All-China Federation of Trade Unions (2013–2018)
Ismail Tiliwaldi
(born 1944)
ئىسمائىل تىلىۋالدى
司马义·铁力瓦尔地
Male Uyghur CPC 18 March 2008 5 March 2013 4 years, 352 days 11th
Jiang Shusheng
(born 1940)
蒋树声
Male Han CDL
Chairman
2007–2012
18 March 2008 5 March 2013 4 years, 352 days 11th
Chen Changzhi
(born 1945)
陈昌智
Male Han CDNCA
Chairman
2007–2017
18 March 2008 17 March 2018 9 years, 364 days 11th, 12th
Yan Junqi
(born 1946)
严隽琪
Female Han CAPD
Chairwoman
2007–2017
18 March 2008 17 March 2018 9 years, 364 days 11th, 12th
Sang Guowei
(born 1941)
桑国卫
Male Han CPWDP
Chairman
2007–2012
18 March 2008 5 March 2013 4 years, 352 days 11th
Wang Shengjun
(born 1946)
王胜俊
Male Han CPC 15 March 2013 17 March 2018 5 years, 2 days 12th
Wang Chen
(born 1950)
王晨
Male Han CPC
Politburo
2017–
15 March 2013 Incumbent 5 years, 276 days 12th, 13th Secretary-General, 12th NPCSC (2013–2018)
Shen Yueyue
(born 1957)
沈跃跃
Female Han CPC 15 March 2013 Incumbent 5 years, 276 days 12th, 13th Chairwoman, All-China Women's Federation (2013–present)
Ji Bingxuan
(born 1951)
吉炳轩
Male Han CPC 15 March 2013 Incumbent 5 years, 276 days 12th, 13th
Zhang Ping
(born 1946)
张平
Male Han CPC 15 March 2013 17 March 2018 5 years, 2 days 12th
Qiangba Puncog
(born 1947)
བྱམས་པ་ཕུན་ཚོགས
向巴平措
Male Tibetan CPC 15 March 2013 17 March 2018 5 years, 2 days 12th
Arken Imirbaki
(born 1953)
艾力更·依明巴海
Male Uyghur CPC 15 March 2013 Incumbent 5 years, 276 days 12th, 13th
Wan Exiang
(born 1956)
万鄂湘
Male Han RCCK
Chairman
2012–
15 March 2013 Incumbent 5 years, 276 days 12th, 13th
Zhang Baowen
(born 1946)
张宝文
Male Han CDL
Chairman
2012–2017
15 March 2013 17 March 2018 5 years, 2 days 12th
Chen Zhu
(born 1953)
陈竺
Male Han CPWDP
Chairman
2012–
15 March 2013 Incumbent 5 years, 276 days 12th, 13th President, Red Cross Society of China;
Vice-President, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Cao Jianming
(born 1955)
曹建明
Male Han CPC 17 March 2018 Incumbent 274 days 13th
Zhang Chunxian
(born 1953)
张春贤
Male Han CPC 17 March 2018 Incumbent 274 days 13th
Wang Dongming
(born 1956)
王东明
Male Han CPC 17 March 2018 Incumbent 274 days 13th Chairman, All-China Federation of Trade Unions (2018–)
Padma Choling
(born 1952)
པདྨ་འཕྲིན་ལས་
白玛赤林
Male Tibetan CPC 17 March 2018 Incumbent 274 days 13th
Ding Zhongli
(born 1957)
丁仲礼
Male Han CDL
Chairman
2017–
17 March 2018 Incumbent 274 days 13th Vice President, Chinese Academy of Sciences;
President, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Hao Mingjin
(born 1956)
郝明金
Male Han CDNCA
Chairman
2017–
17 March 2018 Incumbent 274 days 13th
Cai Dafeng
(born 1960)
蔡达峰
Male Han CAPD
Chairman
2017–
17 March 2018 Incumbent 274 days 13th
Wu Weihua
(born 1956)
武维华
Male Han JS
Chairman
2017–
17 March 2018 Incumbent 274 days 13th

See also[edit]