Vice Chief of Naval Operations

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Vice Chief Of Naval Operations
VCNO
US-ViceChiefOfNavalOperations-Flag.svg
Flag of the Vice Chief of Naval Operations
ADM Moran.jpg
Incumbent
Admiral William F. Moran

since May 31, 2016
Department of Defense
Department of the Navy
Office of the Chief of Naval Operations
Reports to Secretary of the Navy
Chief of Naval Operations
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Constituting instrument 10 U.S.C. § 5035
Formation 26 March 1942
First holder Frederick J. Horne

The Vice Chief of Naval Operations (VCNO) is the second highest-ranking commissioned United States Navy officer in the Department of the Navy and functions as the principal deputy of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO); and by statute, the VCNO is appointed as a four-star admiral.[1]

The current VCNO is Admiral William F. Moran.

Role[edit]

The senior leadership of the U.S. Department of the Navy consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Navyy (SECNAV) and the Under Secretary of the Navy (USECNAV), as well as the four senior commissioned officers on the two military service staffs: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OPNAV) and Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC).

The Vice Chief of Naval Operations (VCNO) is the principal deputy of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO). The VCNO may also perform other delegated duties that either the Secretary of the Navy or the CNO assigns to him or her. In the event that the CNO is absent or is unable to perform their duties, the VCNO assumes the duties and responsibilities of the CNO. Within the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, while there are several Deputy Chiefs of Naval Operations (DCNOs) of either three and two star rank, there is only one VCNO.

The VCNO is appointed by the President of the United States, and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate. While there is not a fixed term nor a term limit in the statute; the historical precedent is that a Vice Chief of Naval Operations serves for a tenure of two to three years.

Historical background[edit]

The equivalent of the current VCNO position was called Assistant for Operations in 1915, and Assistant Chief of Naval Operations in 1922. In 1942 the title became Vice Chief of Naval Operations.[2]


List of Vice Chiefs of Naval Oprations[edit]

No. Image Name Tenure Post(s) held after VCNO tenure
Began Ended
1 Admiral Frederick J Horne.png VADM (ADM) Frederick J. Horne 26 March 1942 2 September 1945 Retired, 1945
2 ADM Richard S. Edwards.jpg ADM Richard S. Edwards Jr. 1945 1946 Commander, Western Sea Frontier (1946-1947)
Commander, Pacific Reserve Fleet (1946–1947)
Retired, 1947
3 Adm ramsey.jpg ADM DeWitt Clinton Ramsey 15 January 1946 3 January 1948 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (1948-1949)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet (1948-1949
High Commissioner, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (1948–1949)
Retired, 1949
4 ADM Arthur Radford.JPG ADM Arthur W. Radford January 1948 May 1949 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (1949-1953)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet (1949-1953)
High Commissioner, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (1949–1951)
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1953-1957)
Retired, 1957
5 VADM John Dale Price USN aviator 1892-1957.png ADM John D. Price 1949 1950 Retired, 1950
6 ADM McCormick, Lynde D.jpg ADM Lynde D. McCormick 1950 1951 Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command (1951-1954)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (1951–1954)
Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (1952-1954)
Retired, 1954
7 Donald B Duncan.jpg ADM Donald B. Duncan 1951 1956 Retired, 1956
8 Harry Donald Felt.jpg ADM Harry D. Felt 1956 1958 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (1958–1964)
Retired, 1964
9 James S Russell.PNG ADM James S. Russell 21 July 1958 September 1961 Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe (1961–1965)
Retired, 1965
10 Claude V. Ricketts.JPG ADM Claude V. Ricketts 25 September 1961 6 July 1964 Died in office, 1964
11 ADM Rivero, Horacio Jr.jpg ADM Horacio Rivero, Jr. July 1964 January 1968 Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe (1968–1972)
Retired, 1972
12 Chick Clarey (edit).jpg ADM Bernard A. Clarey December 1970 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet (1970–1973)
Retired 1973
13 Ralph Cousins.jpg ADM Ralph W. Cousins 1970 1972 Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (1972-1975)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command (1972-1975)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (1972–1975)
Retired, 1975
14 CINCPAC ADM Weisner.jpg ADM Maurice F. Weisner 1972 1973 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet (1973–1976)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (1976–1979)
Retired, 1979
15 James Holloway III.jpg ADM James L. Holloway III September 1973 1974 Chief of Naval Operations (1974–1978)
Retired, 1978
16 Adm. Worth H. Bagley (1971).jpg ADM Worth H. Bagley June 1974 July 1975 Retired, 1975
17 ADM Shear, Harold Edson.jpg ADM Harold E. Shear 1975 1977 Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe (1978–1980)
Retired, 1980
Administrator of the Maritime Administration (1981–1985)
18 Robert LJ Long.jpg ADM Robert L. J. Long July 1977 April 1979 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (1979–1983)
Retired, 1983
19 Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG ADM James D. Watkins April 1979 1981 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet (1981–1982)
Chief of Naval Operations (1982–1986)
Retired, 1986
Secretary of Energy (1989–1993)
20 ADM Small, William Newell 2.JPEG ADM William N. Small 1981 1983 Commander in Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe (1983-1985)
Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe (1983–1985)
Retired, 1985
21 Ronald J Hays.jpg ADM Ronald J. Hays 1983 1985 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (1985–1988)
Retired, 1988
22 James B Busey IV.jpg ADM James B. Busey IV September 1985 1987 Commander in Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe (1987-1989)
Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe (1987–1989)
Retired, 1989
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (1989–1991)
Deputy Secretary of Transportation (1991-1992)
23 Huntington Hardisty.jpg ADM Huntington Hardisty 1987 1988 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (1988–1991)
Retired, 1991
24 Leon Edney.jpg ADM Leon A. Edney August 1988 May 1990 Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (1990-1992)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command (1990–1992)
Retired, 1992
25 Jerome L Johnson.jpg ADM Jerome L. Johnson May 1990 July 1992 Retired, 1992
26 Stanley R Arthur.jpg ADM Stanley R. Arthur 6 July 1992 1995 Retired, 1995
27 Joseph W. Prueher, ADM USN, 1996.jpg ADM Joseph W. Prueher April 1995 1996 Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (1996–1999)
Retired, 1999
U.S. Ambassador to China (1999–2001).
28 Admiral Jay Johnson, official military photo.JPEG ADM Jay L. Johnson April 1996 August 1996 Chief of Naval Operations (1996–2000)
Retired, 2000
29 Admiral Harold W. Gehman, Jr..jpg ADM Harold W. Gehman, Jr. September 1996 September 1997 Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (1997-2000)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command (1997–1999)
Commander in Chief, U.S. Joint Forces Command (1999–2000)
Retired, 2000
30 Donald L Pilling.jpg ADM Donald L. Pilling October 1997 October 2000 Retired, 2000
31 ADM Fallon Portrait.jpg ADM William J. Fallon October 2000 August 2003 Commander, Fleet Forces Command/U.S. Atlantic Fleet (2003–2005)
Commander, U.S. Pacific Command (2005–2007)
Commander, U.S. Central Command (2007–2008)
Retired, 2008
32 Admiral Michael Mullen, official Navy photograph.jpg ADM Michael G. Mullen August 2003 August 2004 Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe (2004-2005)
Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Naples (2004–2005)
Chief of Naval Operations (2005–2007)
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2007–2011)
Retired, 2011
33 John B. Nathman.jpg ADM John B. Nathman August 2004 February 2005 Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command (2005–2007)
Retired, 2007
34 Robert F. Willard cov.jpg ADM Robert F. Willard 18 March 2005 5 April 2007 Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet (2007–2009)
Commander, U.S. Pacific Command (2009–2012)
Retired, 2012
35 ADM Walsh.jpg ADM Patrick M. Walsh 5 April 2007 13 August 2009 Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet (2009–2012)
Retired, 2012
36 Jonathan W. Greenert 2010.jpg ADM Jonathan W. Greenert 13 August 2009 22 August 2011 Chief of Naval Operations (2011-2015)
Retired, 2015
37 ADM Mark E. Ferguson III VCNO.jpg ADM Mark E. Ferguson III 22 August 2011 1 July 2014 Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe (2014-2016)
Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Africa (2014–2016)
Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Naples (2014–2016)
Retired, 2016
38 Admiral Michelle J. Howard VCNO.jpg ADM Michelle J. Howard 1 July 2014 31 May 2016 Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe (2016–present)
Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Africa (2016–present)
Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Naples (2016–present)
39 ADM Moran.jpg ADM William F. Moran 31 May 2016 incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "10 USC 5035. Vice Chief of Naval Operations". Retrieved 6 November 2007. 
  2. ^ "Vice Chief of Naval Operations". Lists of Commanding Officers and Senior Officials of the U.S. Navy. Naval Historical Center. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 

External links[edit]