Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
|Vice Chief of Staff of the Army|
Flag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
|United States Department of the Army|
|Member of||Army Staff|
Joint Requirements Oversight Council
|Reports to||Chief of Staff of the Army|
|Seat||The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||Not fixed|
|Constituting instrument||10 U.S.C. § 3034|
|Formation||September 18, 1947|
|First holder||GEN J. Lawton Collins|
|Succession||First in Chief of Staff succession|
|Deputy||Director of the Army Staff|
The Vice Chief of Staff generally handles the day-to-day administration of the Army Staff, freeing the Chief of Staff to attend to the interservice responsibilities of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. By statute, the Vice Chief of Staff is appointed as a four-star general in the United States Army while so serving.
The incumbent Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, since July 2019, is General Joseph M. Martin.
The senior leadership of the U.S. Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Army and the Under Secretary of the Army, as well as two commissioned officers, the U.S. Army Chief of Staff and the U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff.
Under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of the Army (who in turn is under the authority, direction and control of the Secretary of Defense) the Vice Chief of Staff assists the Chief of Staff on missions and functions related to their duties. The Vice Chief of Staff also assists the Chief of Staff in the management/oversight of U.S. Army installations and facilities.
Furthermore, the Vice Chief of Staff may also represent the Army at the Office of the Secretary of Defense/Joint Staff level in areas relating to the Chief of Staff's responsibility and U.S. Army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs. The Vice Chief of Staff is the designated Army representative to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC).
If the Chief of Staff is incapacitated or otherwise relieved of duty, the Vice Chief of Staff serves as the Acting Chief of Staff. If both the Chief of Staff and the Vice Chief of Staff were to be incapacitated, the seniormost general on the Army Staff would become the Acting Chief of Staff of the Army until someone else is appointed.
Unlike the Chief of Staff of the Army, there is no fixed term nor term limit to the position of the Vice Chief of Staff, although most of those appointed to the office have typically served for two or three year tenures.
List of Vice Chiefs of Staff of the Army (1947–present)
|#||Name||Photo||Term began||Term ended||Post(s) held after VCSA tenure|
|1.||LTG (GEN) J. Lawton Collins||1947||1949||Chief of Staff of the Army (1949–53)|
U.S. Representative to NATO (1953–54)
Special Representative in South Vietnam (1954–55)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1955–56)
|2.||GEN Wade H. Haislip||1949||1951||Retired, 1951|
|3.||GEN John E. Hull||1951||1953||Commander of Far East Command (1953–55)|
|4.||GEN Charles L. Bolte||1953||1955||Retired, 1955|
|5.||GEN Williston B. Palmer||1955||1957||Deputy Commander, USEUCOM (1957–59)|
Director of Military Assistance, OSD, (1959–60)
|6.||GEN Lyman L. Lemnitzer||1957||1959||Chief of Staff (1959–60)|
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1960–62)
|7.||GEN George H. Decker||1959||1960||Chief of Staff (1960–62)|
|8.||GEN Clyde D. Eddleman||1960||1962||Retired, 1962|
|9.||GEN Barksdale Hamlett||1962||1964||Retired, 1964|
|10.||GEN Creighton Abrams||1964||1967||Deputy Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1967–68)|
Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1968–72)
Chief of Staff (1972–74)
Died in office, 1974.
|11.||GEN Ralph E. Haines Jr.||1967||1968||Commander, United States Army Pacific (1968–70)|
Commander, Continental Army Command (1970–73)
|12.||GEN Bruce Palmer Jr.||1968||1973||Acting Chief of Staff (July–October 1972)|
Commander, United States Readiness Command (1973–74)
|13.||GEN Alexander Haig||January 1973||May 1973||Chief of Staff to the President (1973–74)|
Secretary of State (1981–82)
|14.||GEN Frederick C. Weyand||1973||1974||Chief of Staff, 1974–76|
|15.||GEN Walter T. Kerwin Jr.||1974||1978||Retired, 1978|
|16.||GEN Frederick J. Kroesen||1978||1979||Commander, United States Army Europe (1979–83)|
|17.||GEN John William Vessey Jr.||1979||1982||Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1982–85)|
Special emissary to Vietnam for missing American service personnel (1985–96)
|18.||GEN John A. Wickham Jr.||1982||1983||Chief of Staff (1983–87)|
|19.||GEN Maxwell R. Thurman||1983||1987||Commander, Training and Doctrine Command (1987–89)|
Commander, United States Southern Command (1990–91)
|20.||GEN Arthur E. Brown Jr.||1987||1989||Retired, 1989|
|21.||GEN Robert W. RisCassi||1989||1990||Commander, Eighth United States Army (1990–92)|
Commander, United States Forces Korea (1992–93)
|22.||GEN Gordon R. Sullivan||1990||1991||Chief of Staff, 1991–95|
|23.||GEN Dennis J. Reimer||1991||1993||Commander, Forces Command (1993–95)|
Chief of Staff (1995–99)
|24.||GEN J. H. Binford Peay III||1993||1994||Commander, Central Command, 1994–97|
|25.||GEN John H. Tilelli Jr.||1994||1995||Commander, Forces Command (1995–96)|
Commander, U.S. Forces Korea (1996–99)
|26.||GEN Ronald H. Griffith||1995||1997||Retired, 1997|
|27.||GEN William W. Crouch||1997||1998||Retired, 1998|
|28.||GEN Eric K. Shinseki||November 24, 1998||June 21, 1999||Chief of Staff (1999–2003)|
Secretary of Veterans Affairs (2009–14)
|29.||GEN John M. Keane||June 22, 1999||October 16, 2003||Retired, 2003.|
|30.||GEN George W. Casey Jr.||October 17, 2003||June 23, 2004||Commander Multi-National Force – Iraq (2004–07)|
Chief of Staff (2007–11)
|31.||GEN Richard A. Cody||June 24, 2004||July 31, 2008||Retired, 2008|
|32.||GEN Peter W. Chiarelli||August 4, 2008||January 31, 2012||Retired, 2012|
|33.||GEN Lloyd J. Austin III||January 31, 2012||March 8, 2013||Commander, United States Central Command (2013–2016)|
|34.||GEN John F. Campbell||March 8, 2013||August 8, 2014||Commander, International Security Assistance Force – Afghanistan (2014–2016)|
|35.||GEN Daniel B. Allyn||August 15, 2014||June 16, 2017||Retired, 2017|
|36.||GEN James C. McConville||June 16, 2017||July 26, 2019|
|37.||GEN Joseph M. Martin||July 26, 2019||Incumbent|
- Under Secretary of the Army
- Sergeant Major of the Army
- Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps (USMC counterpart)
- Vice Chief of Naval Operations (USN counterpart)
- Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force (USAF counterpart)
- Vice Commandant of the Coast Guard (USCG counterpart)
- "General Richard Cody - Vice Chief of Staff Army". Archived from the original on September 12, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- "WAIS Document Retrieval". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- Hewes Jr., James E. (1983) . ""Appendix B"". From Root to McNamara Army Organization and Administration. Special Studies. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved September 23, 2007.
- Hinnant, Jim (15 August 2014). "Milley takes FORSCOM colors as Army's new vice chief of staff departs Fort Bragg". The United States Army. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Panzino, Charlsy (16 June 2017). "Army personnel chief sworn in as vice chief of staff". ArmyTimes. Retrieved 22 June 2017.