Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army

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Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
Flag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army.svg
Flag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
Gen Joseph M Martin 37th VCSA (1).jpg
Incumbent
General Joseph M. Martin

since July 26, 2019
United States Department of the Army
AbbreviationVCSA
Member ofArmy Staff
Joint Requirements Oversight Council
Reports toChief of Staff of the Army
SeatThe Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNot fixed
Constituting instrument10 U.S.C. § 3034
PrecursorDeputy Chief of Staff of the United States Army
FormationNovember 1, 1948
First holderGEN J. Lawton Collins
SuccessionFirst in Chief of Staff succession
DeputyDirector of the Army Staff
Websitewww.army.mil/

The vice chief of staff of the Army (VCSA) is the principal deputy to the chief of staff of the Army, and is the second-highest-ranking officer on active duty in the Department of the Army.

The vice chief of staff generally handles the day-to-day administration of the Army Staff, freeing the chief of staff to attend to the interservice responsibilities of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. By statute, the vice chief of staff is appointed as a four-star general in the United States Army while so serving.

The incumbent vice chief of staff of the Army, since July 2019, is General Joseph M. Martin.

Role[edit]

The senior leadership of the U.S. Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the secretary of the Army and the under secretary of the Army, as well as two commissioned officers, the Army Chief of Staff and the Army Vice Chief of Staff.

Under the supervision and direction of the secretary of the Army (who in turn is under the authority, direction and control of the secretary of defense) the vice chief of staff assists the chief of staff on missions and functions related to their duties. The vice chief of staff also assists the chief of staff in the management/oversight of U.S. Army installations and facilities.

Furthermore, the vice chief of staff may also represent the Army at the Office of the Secretary of Defense/Joint Staff level in areas relating to the chief of staff's responsibility and U.S. Army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs. The vice chief of staff is the designated Army representative to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC).

If the chief of staff is incapacitated or otherwise relieved of duty, the vice chief of staff serves as the acting chief of staff. If both the chief of staff and the vice chief of staff were to be incapacitated, the senior-most general on the Army Staff would become the acting chief of staff of the Army until someone else is appointed.[1][2]

Appointment[edit]

The vice chief of staff of the Army is appointed by the president, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among the general officers of the Army.

Unlike the chief of staff of the Army, there is no fixed term nor term limit to the position of the vice chief of staff, although most of those appointed to the office have typically served for two or three year tenures.

List of Vice Chiefs of Staff of the Army[edit]

No. Portrait Vice Chief of Staff
of the Army
Took office Left office Time in office Notes
1
J. Lawton Collins[3]
General
J. Lawton Collins[3]
(1896–1987)
1 November 194815 August 1949287 daysChief of Staff of the Army (1949–53)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1953–54)
Special Representative in South Vietnam (1954–55)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1955–56)
Retired, 1956.
2
Wade H. Haislip
General
Wade H. Haislip
(1889–1971)
16 August 194930 July 19511 year, 347 daysRetired, 1951
3
John E. Hull
General
John E. Hull
(1895–1975)
30 July 195114 August 19532 years, 15 daysCommander of Far East Command (1953–55)
Retired, 1955.
4
Charles L. Bolte
General
Charles L. Bolte
(1895–1989)
15 August 195329 June 19551 year, 318 daysRetired, 1955
5
Williston B. Palmer
General
Williston B. Palmer
(1899–1973)
30 June 195531 May 19571 year, 335 daysDeputy Commander, USEUCOM (1957–59)
Director of Military Assistance, OSD, (1959–60)
Retired, 1960
6
Lyman L. Lemnitzer
General
Lyman L. Lemnitzer
(1899–1988)
June 1, 1957June 30, 19592 years, 29 daysChief of Staff (1959–60)
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1960–62)
SAEUR/CINCUSEUCOM (1963–69)
Retired, 1969
7
George H. Decker
General
George H. Decker
(1902–1980)
July 1, 1959September 29, 19601 year, 90 daysChief of Staff (1960–62)
Retired, 1962
8
Clyde D. Eddleman
General
Clyde D. Eddleman
(1902–1992)
September 30, 1960March 31, 19621 year, 181 daysRetired, 1962
9
Barksdale Hamlett
General
Barksdale Hamlett
(1908–1979)
1 April 1962September 3, 19642 years, 155 daysRetired, 1964
10
Creighton Abrams
General
Creighton Abrams
(1914–1974)
September 4, 1964April 30, 19672 years, 238 daysDeputy Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1967–68)
Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1968–72)
Chief of Staff (1972–74)
Died in office, 1974.
11
Ralph E. Haines Jr.
General
Ralph E. Haines Jr.
(1913–2011)
May 1, 1967July 2, 19681 year, 62 daysCommander, United States Army Pacific (1968–70)
Commander, Continental Army Command (1970–73)
Retired, 1973
12
Bruce Palmer Jr.
General
Bruce Palmer Jr.
(1913–2000)
July 3, 1968January 31, 19734 years, 212 daysActing Chief of Staff (July–October 1972)
Commander, United States Readiness Command (1973–74)
Retired, 1974
13
Alexander Haig
General
Alexander Haig
(1924–2010)
February 1, 1973July 31, 1973180 daysChief of Staff to the President (1973–74)
SACEUR/CINCUSEUCOM (1974–79)
Retired, 1979
Secretary of State (1981–82)
14
Frederick C. Weyand
General
Frederick C. Weyand
(1916–2010)
August 1, 1973October 20, 19741 year, 80 daysChief of Staff, 1974–76
Retired, 1976
15
Walter T. Kerwin Jr.
General
Walter T. Kerwin Jr.
(1917–2008)
October 21, 19741978~4 yearsRetired, 1978
16
Frederick J. Kroesen
General
Frederick J. Kroesen
(1923–2020)
19781979~1 yearCommander, United States Army Europe (1979–83)
Retired, 1983
17
John William Vessey Jr.
General
John William Vessey Jr.
(1922–2016)
19791982~3 yearsChairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1982–85)
Retired, 1985
Special emissary to Vietnam for missing American service personnel (1985–96)
18
John A. Wickham Jr.
General
John A. Wickham Jr.
(born 1928)
19821983~1 yearChief of Staff (1983–87)
Retired, 1987
19
Maxwell R. Thurman
General
Maxwell R. Thurman
(1931–1995)
19831987~4 yearsCommander, Training and Doctrine Command (1987–89)
Commander, United States Southern Command (1990–91)
Retired, 1991
20
Arthur E. Brown Jr.
General
Arthur E. Brown Jr.
(born 1929)
19871989~2 yearsRetired, 1989
21
Robert W. RisCassi
General
Robert W. RisCassi
(born 1936)
19891990~1 yearCommander, Eighth United States Army (1990–92)
Commander, United States Forces Korea (1992–93)
Retired, 1993
22
Gordon R. Sullivan
General
Gordon R. Sullivan
(born 1937)
19901991~1 yearChief of Staff, 1991–95
Retired, 1995
23
Dennis J. Reimer
General
Dennis J. Reimer
(born 1939)
19911993~2 yearsCommander, Forces Command (1993–95)
Chief of Staff (1995–99)
Retired, 1999
24
J. H. Binford Peay III
General
J. H. Binford Peay III
(born 1940)
19931994~1 yearCommander, Central Command, 1994–97
Retired, 1997
25
John H. Tilelli Jr.
General
John H. Tilelli Jr.
(born 1941)
19941995~1 yearCommander, Forces Command (1995–96)
Commander, U.S. Forces Korea (1996–99)
Retired, 2000
26
Ronald H. Griffith
General
Ronald H. Griffith
(1936–2018)
19951997~2 yearsRetired, 1997
27
William W. Crouch
General
William W. Crouch
(born 1941)
19971998~1 yearRetired, 1998
28
Eric K. Shinseki
General
Eric K. Shinseki
(born 1942)
November 24, 1998June 21, 1999209 daysChief of Staff (1999–2003)
Retired, 2003.
Secretary of Veterans Affairs (2009–14)
29
John M. Keane
General
John M. Keane
(born 1943)
June 22, 1999October 16, 20034 years, 116 daysRetired, 2003.
30
George W. Casey Jr.
General
George W. Casey Jr.
(born 1948)
October 17, 2003June 23, 2004250 daysCommander Multi-National Force – Iraq (2004–07)
Chief of Staff (2007–11)
Retired, 2011
31
Richard A. Cody
General
Richard A. Cody
(born 1950)
June 24, 2004July 31, 20084 years, 37 daysRetired, 2008
32
Peter W. Chiarelli
General
Peter W. Chiarelli
(born 1950)
August 4, 2008January 31, 20123 years, 180 daysRetired, 2012
33
Lloyd J. Austin III
General
Lloyd J. Austin III
(born 1953)
January 31, 2012March 8, 20131 year, 36 daysCommander, United States Central Command (2013–2016)
Retired, 2016
34
John F. Campbell[4]
General
John F. Campbell[4]
(born 1957)
March 8, 2013August 8, 20141 year, 153 daysCommander, International Security Assistance ForceAfghanistan (2014–2016)
Retired, 2016
35
Daniel B. Allyn[5]
General
Daniel B. Allyn[5]
(born 1959)
August 15, 2014June 16, 20172 years, 305 daysRetired, 2017
36
James C. McConville[6]
General
James C. McConville[6]
(born 1959)
June 16, 2017July 26, 20192 years, 40 daysChief of Staff (2019–)
36
Joseph M. Martin
General
Joseph M. Martin
(born 1962)
July 26, 2019Incumbent1 year, 86 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Richard Cody - Vice Chief of Staff Army". Archived from the original on September 12, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  2. ^ "WAIS Document Retrieval". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Hewes, James E., Jr. (1983) [1975]. "Appendix B". From Root to McNamara Army Organization and Administration. Special Studies. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved September 23, 2007.
  4. ^ http://www.defense.gov/video/default.aspx?videoid=354460
  5. ^ Hinnant, Jim (15 August 2014). "Milley takes FORSCOM colors as Army's new vice chief of staff departs Fort Bragg". The United States Army. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  6. ^ Panzino, Charlsy (16 June 2017). "Army personnel chief sworn in as vice chief of staff". ArmyTimes. Retrieved 22 June 2017.

External links[edit]