A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction. Often a lieutenant governor is the deputy, or lieutenant, to or ranked under a governor — a "second-in-command", rather like deputy governor. In Canadian provinces and in the Dutch Caribbean, the lieutenant governor is the representative of the monarch in that jurisdiction, and thus outranks the head of government but for practical purposes has virtually no power.
In India, lieutenant governors are in charge of special administrative divisions in that country.
In the United States, lieutenant governors are usually second-in-command to a state governor, and the actual power held by the lieutenant governor varies greatly from state to state. The lieutenant governor is often first in line of succession to the governorship, and acts as governor when the governor leaves the state or is unable to serve. Also, the lieutenant governor is often the president of the state senate.
In Argentina, lieutenant governors are called "vice governors" and are modeled after the U.S. lieutenant governors, since as their U.S. counterpart the vice governors are the second-in-command to a provincial governor, and are the first in the gubernatorial line of succession. Also, the vice governor usually acts as the president of the provincial senate (or the provincial legislature in unicameral provinces).
Lieutenant governors in the former British Empire
- Australia – Lieutenant-Governor (Australia)
- Canada – Lieutenant Governor (Canada)
- Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
- Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
- Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
- Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
- Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
- Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
- British Crown Dependencies and other possessions
- Guernsey – Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey
- Isle of Man – Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man
- Jersey – Lieutenant Governor of Jersey
- Hong Kong (historical) – Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong (1843–1902)
- Indonesia (historical) – Lieutenant-Governor of Java (1811–1814)
- India – Governors and Lieutenant-Governors of states of India
- New Zealand – The only person to have held the rank of Lieutenant Governor of New Zealand was Royal Navy Captain William Hobson from 1839 to 1841 when New Zealand colony was a dependency of the colony of New South Wales, governed at that time by Sir George Gipps. When New Zealand was designated a Crown colony in 1841, Hobson was raised to the rank of governor, which he held until his death the following year. Subsequently, in 1848 New Zealand was divided into three provinces: New Ulster, New Munster, and New Leinster, each with their own Lieutenant Governors.
- Nigeria - known as Deputy Governor
- U.S. states – Lieutenant governor (United States)
Lieutenant governors in the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Lieutenant governors (Dutch: gezaghebber) of the former Dutch constituent country of Netherlands Antilles acted as head of the governing council of the island territories, which formed a level of decentral government until the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010. Currently the Netherlands has a lieutenant governor overseeing each of the three special municipalities in the Caribbean Netherlands – Saba, Bonaire, and Sint Eustatius – where their function is similar to a mayor in the European Netherlands.
- Acting governor
- Administrator of the government
- Deputy governor
- Lieutenant Governor's Court
- Vice president
- ^ "Mevrouw Evelina Anthony benoemd tot waarnemend gezaghebber Bonaire" [Ms Evelina Anthony appointed acting Lieutenant of Bonaire]. Rijksdienst Caribisch Nederland. Kralendijk, Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands: Government Service of the Caribbean Netherlands. 30 November 2015. Archived from the original on 6 February 2017.
- ^ "lieutenant governor". dictionary.cambridge.org. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- ^ Kettleborough, Charles (1917). "Powers of the Lieutenant-Governor". American Political Science Review. 11 (1): 88–92. doi:10.2307/1944142. ISSN 0003-0554. JSTOR 1944142. S2CID 147306012.
- ^ "El Poder Ejecutivo en las Provincias - Derecho Electoral Argentino" (PDF). joseperezcorti.com.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2022.
- ^ "CONSTITUCIÓN DE LA PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES" (PDF). congreso.gob.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2022.
- ^ "Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781–1826) – The History of Java; volume 1". www.royalcollection.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
- ^ "Sir Stamford Raffles | British colonial agent". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Governor". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.This article incorporates text from a publication now in the