Vice President of Afghanistan

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Vice Presidents of the
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Emblem of Afghanistan.svg
Incumbent
Abdul Rashid Dostum (first)
Sarwar Danish (second)

since September 29, 2014
Appointer President of Afghanistan
Term length Five years, renewable
Inaugural holder Hedayat Amin Arsala
Formation July 17, 1973
Website Office of the Vice Presidents
National Emblem of Afghanistan 03.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Afghanistan
Foreign relations

The Vice President of Afghanistan is the second highest political position obtainable in Afghanistan. Vice Presidents are currently elected on the same ticket as the President. A Presidential candidate nominates two candidates for Vice President before the election. The current Vice Presidents are Abdul Rashid Dostum and Sarwar Danish (Second Vice President).

Republic of Afghanistan[edit]

Title Name Inaugurated Left Office Notes
Vice President Sayyid Abdullah February 1978 April 1978 Vice President of Mohammed Daoud Khan and also minister of finance, killed in the coup.[1]

Democratic Republic of Afghanistan[edit]

The deputy head of state was the Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council between April 1978 and April 1988. [2]

Title Name Inaugurated Left Office Chairman
Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council Babrak Karmal April 1978 June 1978 Nur Muhammad Taraki
Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council Asadullah Sarwari 1978  ?? Nur Muhammad Taraki
Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council Hafizullah Amin July 1979 September 1979 Nur Muhammad Taraki
Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council Sultan Ali Keshtmand December 1979  ?? Hafizullah Amin
Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council Asadullah Sarwari December 1979 June 1980 Babrak Karmal
Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council Abdul Qader 1981 1983 Babrak Karmal
Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council Gul Aqa 1983 November 1986 Babrak Karmal
Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council Haji Mohammad Chamkani November 1986 April 1988 Mohammad Najibullah

Republic of Afghanistan[edit]

Vice presidents were appointed after the new constitution and elections took place. Four vice presidents were appointed by president and approved by the National Assembly. [3][4][5][6]

Title Name Inaugurated Left Office Notes
Vice President Abdul Rahim Hatif May 1988 April 1992 President was Mohammad Najibullah, First vice president July 1991 - April 1992.
Vice President Mohammed Rafie May 1988 April 1992 President was Mohammad Najibullah
Vice President Abdul Hamid Mohtat May 1988 April 1992 President was Mohammad Najibullah
Vice President Abdul Wahed Sorabi May 1988 April 1992 President was Mohammad Najibullah, First vice president January 1991 - July 1991.
Vice President Sultan Ali Keshtmand May 1990 April 1991 President was Mohammad Najibullah, First vice president May 1990 - January 1991.
Vice President Mohammed Eshaq Tokhi 1992 April 1992 President was Mohammad Najibullah

Islamic State of Afghanistan[edit]

Vice presidents were appointed by the president.

Title Name Inaugurated Left Office Notes
Vice President Abdul Rasul Sayyaf July 1992 August 1992 President was Burhanuddin Rabbani
Vice President Mawlawi Mir Hamza August 1992 January 1993 Died in office. President was Burhanuddin Rabbani
Vice President Mohammad Shah Fazli January 1993 1994 President was Burhanuddin Rabbani
Vice President Mohammad Nabi Mohammadi January 1993 1996 President was Burhanuddin Rabbani

Afghan Interim Administration[edit]

During the Afghan Interim Administration and the Afghan Transitional Administration, when the Loya Jirga hadn't appointed a new Constitution yet, there were more than two vice chairmen of the interim administration.

Title Name Inaugurated Left Office Notes
Vice Chairman Hedayat Amin Arsala 22 December 2001 19 June 2002 Pashtun, representative of the Rome Group
Vice Chairman Mohammed Fahim 22 December 2001 19 June 2002 Tajik and Defense Minister of the United Islamic Front
Vice Chairman Sima Samar 22 December 2001 19 June 2002 Hazara, Female and Rome Group representative
Vice Chairman Mohammad Mohaqiq 22 December 2001 19 June 2002 Hazara and Commandar in the United Islamic Front
Vice Chairman Ahmed Shakar Karkar 22 December 2001 19 June 2002 Uzbek and leader in the United Islamic Front

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan[edit]

After 2004, Vice Presidents are elected on the same ticket as the President. [7]

Title Name Inaugurated Left Office Notes
Vice President Hedayat Amin Arsala 19 June 2002 7 December 2004 Appointed for interim term, Pashtun mandate
Vice President Mohammed Fahim 19 June 2002 7 December 2004 Appointed for interim term, Tajik mandate
Vice President Nematullah Shahrani 19 June 2002 7 December 2004 Appointed for interim term, Uzbek mandate
Vice President Karim Khalili 19 June 2002 7 December 2004 Appointed for interim term, Hazara mandate
Vice President Abdul Qadir 19 June 2002 6 July 2002 Appointed for interim term, Pashtun mandate, assassinated
First Vice President Ahmad Zia Massoud 7 December 2004 19 November 2009 Elected in the same ticket with Karzai
Second Vice President Karim Khalili 7 December 2004 29 September 2014 Elected in the same ticket with Karzai
First Vice President Mohammed Fahim 19 November 2009 9 March 2014 Elected in the same ticket with Karzai
First Vice President Yunus Qanuni 31 March 2014 29 September 2014 Appointed for interim term
First Vice President Abdul Rashid Dostum 29 September 2014 Incumbent Elected in the same ticket with Ghani
Second Vice President Sarwar Danish 29 September 2014 Incumbent Elected in the same ticket with Ghani

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan". Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  2. ^ "Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia". Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "World Factbook 1991". Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan". Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Whitaker's Almanac 1992". Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Whitaker's almanack 1991". Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "The Washington Post". Retrieved 12 December 2015. 

External links[edit]