Vice-President of Egypt

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Vice-President of the
Arab Republic of Egypt
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
Arms of the Government
Incumbent
Vacant

since 14 August 2013
AppointerPresident of Egypt
Formation7 March 1958
14 July 2013 (Interim)
23 April 2019
First holderSabri al-Asali
Akram al-Hawrani
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
Abdel Hakim Amer
Final holderMahmoud Mekki
Mohamed ElBaradei (Interim)
Abolished26 December 2012
18 January 2014 (Interim)
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
This article is part of a series on the
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The Vice-President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is a senior official within the Egyptian government.

History of the office[edit]

Before 1971[edit]

In 1962, President Gamal Abdel Nasser instituted collective leadership in Egypt, separating the post of Prime Minister from that of President and establishing a presidential council to deal with all issues formerly considered presidential prerogatives. Five of the council's 11 members were Vice-Presidents of Egypt.[1]

Under the 1971 Constitution[edit]

According to article 139 of the 1971 Constitution, the President "may appoint one or more Vice-Presidents define their jurisdiction and relieve them of their posts. The rules relating to the calling to account of the President of the Republic shall be applicable to the Vice-Presidents." The Constitution gave broad authority to the President to determine the number of Vice-Presidents, as well as their appointment, dismissal and duties of office.

After the 2011 amendments, the president should appointed a vice president 60 days after his inauguration.

Under the 2012 Constitution[edit]

The 2012 Constitution does not include the position of Vice-President.[2]

With the adoption of the 2012 Constitution on 26 December 2012, the office of Vice-President was abolished. Mahmoud Mekki was the last person to hold the office before the adoption of the 2012 Constitution, having resigned on 22 December 2012.

2013 coup d'état[edit]

After the overthrow of President Mohamed Morsi in the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état, the position of the Vice-President was briefly restored (with extra-constitutional basic) by Acting President Adly Mansour, who appointed Mohamed ElBaradei to the post of Acting Vice-President on 7 July 2013.[3][4] He was sworn in on 14 July.[5] On 14 August 2013, following a violent crackdown by security forces on supporters of deposed President Morsi, in which more than 800 people were killed,[6] ElBaradei resigned as Acting Vice President.[7]

Under the 2014 Constitution[edit]

Much like the 2012 Constitution, until 2019, the 2014 Constitution did not include the position of Vice-President.

The office has since been restored following a constitutional referendum.

List[edit]

This list contains Vice-Presidents of United Arab Republic (1958–71, included Syria until the 1961 coup d'état) and Arab Republic of Egypt (1971–present).[8]

No. Name Portrait Lifespan Took office Left office Duration Political party President
1 Sabri al-Asali
صبري العسلي
Sabri al-Assali.jpg 1903–1976 7 March 1958 7 October 1958 214 days   National Party Nasser
Akram al-Hawrani
أكرم الحوراني
Akram Hourani.jpg 1912–1996 7 March 1958 19 September 1960 2 years, 196 days   Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Nasser
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
عبد اللطيف البغدادي
Boghdadi, 1958.jpg 1917–1999 7 March 1958 23 March 1964 6 years, 16 days   National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
Abdel Hakim Amer
محمد عبد الحكيم عامر
عبد الحكيم عامر.jpg 1919–1967 7 March 1958 30 September 1965 7 years, 207 days   National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
5 Nur al-Din Kahala
نور الدين كحالة
Nur al-Din Kahala (cropped).jpg 1908–1965 20 September 1960 18 October 1961 1 year, 28 days   National Union Nasser
6 Abdel Hamid al-Sarraj
عبد الحميد السراج
Abdul Hamid Sarraj.jpg 1925–2013 16 August 1961 18 October 1961 63 days   National Union Nasser
Kamal el-Din Hussein
كمال الدين حسين
Kamel el-Din Hussein.jpg 1921–1999 16 August 1961 23 March 1964 2 years, 220 days   National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
Zakaria Mohie ElDein.jpg 1918–2012 16 August 1961 23 March 1964 2 years, 220 days   National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
Hussein el-Shafei
حسين محمود حسن الشافعي
Hussein Al Shafei.JPG 1918–2005 16 August 1961 30 September 1965 4 years, 45 days   National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
10 Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg 1918–1981 17 February 1964 26 March 1964 38 days   Arab Socialist Union Nasser
Hassan Ibrahim
حسن ابراهيم
Hassan Ibrahim, 1952.jpg 1917–1990 17 February 1964 27 January 1966 1 year, 344 days   Arab Socialist Union Nasser
(6) Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
Zakaria Mohie ElDein.jpg 1918–2012 1 October 1965 20 March 1968 2 years, 171 days   Arab Socialist Union Nasser
12 Ali Sabri
على صبرى
Ali Sabri 1966.jpg 1920–1991 1 October 1965 20 March 1968 2 years, 171 days   Arab Socialist Union Nasser
(6) Hussein el-Shafei
حسين محمود حسن الشافعي
Hussein Al Shafei.JPG 1918–2005 20 March 1968 16 January 1973 4 years, 302 days   Arab Socialist Union Nasser
Sadat
(10) Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg 1918–1981 19 December 1969 14 October 1970 299 days   Arab Socialist Union Nasser
13 Ali Sabri
على صبرى
Ali Sabri 1966.jpg 1920–1991 30 October 1970 2 May 1971 184 days   Arab Socialist Union Sadat
14 Mahmoud Fawzi
محمود فوزى
Mahmoud Fawzy.jpg 1900–1981 16 January 1972 18 September 1974 2 years, 245 days   Arab Socialist Union Sadat
Vacant (18 September 197416 April 1975)
15 Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك
Hosni Mubarak ritratto.jpg 1928– 16 April 1975 14 October 1981 6 years, 181 days   Arab Socialist Union
(until 1978)
Sadat
  National Democratic Party
Vacant (14 October 198129 January 2011)
16 Omar Suleiman
عمر سليمان
Omar Suleiman 070731-D-7203T-010 0WX8I.jpg 1936–2012 29 January 2011 11 February 2011 13 days   Independent Mubarak
Vacant (11 February 201112 August 2012)
17 Mahmoud Mekki
محمود مكي
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg 1954– 12 August 2012 22 December 2012 132 days   Independent Morsi
Vacant (22 December 201226 December 2012)
Post abolished (26 December 201214 July 2013)
Mohamed ElBaradei
محمد البرادعي
(Interim)
Mohamed ElBaradei.jpg 1942– 14 July 2013 14 August 2013 31 days   Constitution Party Mansour
(Interim)
Vacant (14 August 201318 January 2014)
Post abolished (18 January 201423 April 2019)
Vacant (23 April 2019–present)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nasser institutes Collective Leadership, Davar, 1962 (in Hebrew)
  2. ^ Shalaby,Ethar (3 December 2012). "VP not to continue according to new constitution". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Egyptian interim president nominates two for leadership posts". Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Egypt's Salafist party rejects choices for premier, vice-president". Al Arabiya. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  5. ^ Aya Batrawy, "Egypt's defense minister defends ousting president", Associated Press, 14 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Egyptian security forces storm protesters' camps". Washington Post. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Egypt's VP Mohamed ElBaradei resigns in protest against crackdown". Los Angeles Times. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  8. ^ http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/330352/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-constitutional-changes-A-look-at-the-post-o.aspx

External links[edit]