Vice President of Gabon

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Vice President of the
Gabonese Republic
Vice-président de la
République gabonaise
Coat of arms of Gabon.svg
Incumbent
Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou

since 21 August 2017
AppointerPresident of Gabon
Inaugural holderPaul-Marie Yembit
FormationFebruary 1961
Coat of arms of Gabon.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Gabon
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Vice President of Gabon is a political position in Gabon. It existed from 1961 to 1975 and from 1997 to 2009, and since 2017 the post has been held by Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou.

History of the office[edit]

Original office[edit]

Changes in the Constitution of 1966 made the Vice President the automatic successor of the President in case of a vacancy in the latter office.[1] Albert-Bernard Bongo was appointed as Vice President in 1966 with the expectation that he would constitutionally succeed the ailing President Leon M'ba, and he did so following M'ba's death in November 1967. In April 1975 the position of Vice President was abolished and its functions were given to the Prime Minister.[2]

Restored office[edit]

The position of Vice President was restored in 1997 as a position appointed by the President of Gabon. The Vice President acted as the President's deputy, but was not the constitutional successor of the President in the event of a vacancy in the latter office. President Ali Bongo Ondimba abolished the office in October 2009.[3]

Description of the office[edit]

The President of the Republic is assisted by a Vice President of the Republic.[4]

The Vice President of the Republic is nominated by the President of the Republic who can terminate his or her duties, after the consultation of the presidents of the two chambers of Parliament. The Vice President of the Republic may be chosen from the members of Parliament, or outside the legislature.[4]

The functions of the Vice President of the Republic are incompatible with the exercise of all other public and private functions of a lucrative character.[5]

The Vice President of the Republic takes the oath of office before the President of the Republic and in the presence of the Constitutional Court, according to the terms below:[6]

I promise to respect the Constitution and the State of Law, to fill conscientiously the duties of my position in the strictest respect of the obligation of loyalty and confidentiality to the Chief of State.

The Vice President of the Republic stands in for the President of the Republic in the duties that the President delegates to him.[7]

The manner in which the present article may be applied is fixed by an organic law.[7]

The functions of the Vice President of the Republic end at the issuing of the proclamation of the next presidential election results by the Constitutional Court and in the case of a vacancy in the Presidential office for whatever reason, or a permanent impairment of the current President of the Republic.[8]

The Vice President of the Republic is a member of the Council of Ministers by right. If appropriate, her or she may substitute the President of the Republic through express authorization and a defined order of business.[9]

Key[edit]

Political parties

List[edit]

No. Vice President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Paul-Marie Yembit
(1917–1979)
Noimage.png February 1961 November 1966 N/A BDG M'ba
2 Omar Bongo Ondimba
(1935–2009)[10]
Omar Bongo 1973.jpg November 1966 November 1967 N/A BDG M'ba
3 Léon Mébiame
(1934–2015)
Noimage.png 1968 April 1975 N/A PDG O. Bongo Ondimba
Post abolished (April 1975–May 1997)
4 Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge
(1946–)
Noimage.png May 1997 October 2009 N/A ADERE O. Bongo Ondimba
Himself
Rogombé
Post abolished (October 2009–August 2017)
5 Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou
(1952–)
Noimage.png 21 August 2017[11] Incumbent 1 year, 242 days PSD A. Bongo Ondimba

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ US Department of State
  2. ^ US Department of State
  3. ^ US Department of State
  4. ^ a b Article 14a of the Constitution of 1991.
  5. ^ Article 14b of the Constitution of 1991.
  6. ^ Article 14c of the Constitution of 1991.
  7. ^ a b Article 14d of the Constitution of 1991.
  8. ^ Article 14e of the Constitution of 1991.
  9. ^ Article 16 of the Constitution of 1991.
  10. ^ Africa News Update Archived December 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Mathieu Olivier, "Gabon : le nouveau gouvernement a été nommé, Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou vice-président", Jeune Afrique, 22 August 2017 (in French).

External links[edit]