Vice President of Iraq
|Vice President of Iraq|
|Term length||Four years, renewable once|
14 July 1958|
10 October 2016 (restored)
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The office of Vice-President was historically largely ceremonial but prestigious. In post-war Iraq, the Constitution of Iraq, in its "Transitional Guidelines," creates a three-member Presidency (or Presidential) Council, consisting of the President of the Republic and two deputy presidents, who must act in unison. The Presidency Council had three members to accommodate Iraq's three largest groups: Sunni Muslim Arabs, Shiite Muslim Arabs, and the mostly Sunni Kurds. As a unit, the Presidency Council was meant to symbolize the unity of the nation. This arrangement is required by the constitution to continue until the Council of Representatives, enters its second set of sessions. At this point, the Presidency Council would be replaced by a solitary President of the Republic, who would have only one deputy, the Vice-President. In any case, the Presidency is appointed by the Council of Representatives.
On August 11, 2015 the Council of Representatives approved the al Abadi government plan to abolish the posts of both Vice President and Deputy Prime Minister.  Later, Osama al-Nujaifi filed a complaint against the decision, considering it to be against the Constitution. Also Nuri al-Maliki promised to cling to his post. On 10 October 2016, the three posts of Vice President were restored by the Supreme Court of Iraq which deemed their abolition unconstitutional.
List of officeholders
Under Iraqi Republic and Ba'athist Iraq
The Ba'athist regime of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein also used the office of Vice President. However, the post was not as influential as the Vice Chairmen of the Revolutionary Command Council in Ba'athist Iraq. Vice Presidents were appointed at the discretion of the President.
|Name||Entered office||Left office||Notes|
|Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr||November 1963||January 1964|
|Saddam Hussein||November 1969||July 1979|
|Hardan al-Tikriti||April 1970||October 1970|||
|Salih Mahdi Ammash||April 1970||December 1971|||
|Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf||April 1974||May 2003|||
|Taha Yassin Ramadan||March 1991||May 2003|||
|Name||Portrait||Born-Died||Entered office||Left office||Political party|
|1947–||1 June 2004||7 April 2005||Islamic Dawa Party|
روز نورى شاويس
|1947–||1 June 2004||7 April 2005||Kurdistan Democratic Party|
عادل عبد المهدي
|1942–||7 April 2005||11 July 2011||Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq|
|Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
غازي مشعل عجيل الياور
|1958–||7 April 2005||22 April 2006||The Iraqis|
|1942–||22 April 2006||10 September 2012||Iraqi Islamic Party|
||1947–||13 May 2011||9 September 2014||Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation|
|1950–||9 September 2014||11 August 2015||Islamic Dawa Party|
||1956–||9 September 2014||11 August 2015||Muttahidoon|
|1944–||9 September 2014||11 August 2015||Iraqi National Accord|
|Post abolished (11 August 2015–10 October 2016)|
|Post restored (10 October 2016–present)|
|1950–||10 October 2016||Incumbent||Islamic Dawa Party|
||1956–||10 October 2016||Incumbent||Muttahidoon|
|1945–||10 October 2016||Incumbent||Iraqi National Accord|
- (USA Today)
- "Premature excitement about Iraq's new government reforms". Washington Post.
- "Iraq vice president files court case to keep his post".
- Al-awsat, Asharq (1 September 2015). "Iraq: Maliki, Nujaifi say PM's decision to cancel vice president posts "unconstitutional"".
- "Iraqi court nullifies Abadi's earlier decision to sack 3 vice president posts". Xinhua. 11 October 2016.
- "'I will declare independent Kurdistan if Al-Maliki returns to power,' warns Barzani". Middle East Monitor. 23 January 2017.
- "Barzani says to declare Kurdistan's independence if Maliki returns as Iraq PM". Iraqi News. 23 January 2017.
- "Will Mosul witness a political battle post-IS?". Al-Monitor. 18 February 2017.
- "Iraq cuts off support for PKK, vice president says". TRT World. 13 February 2017.
- "Iraq VP accuses Iran of violating Iraqi sovereignty in the Arabian Gulf". Middle East Monitor. 16 February 2017.
- "ISHM: February 3 - 9, 2017". Reliefweb.int. 9 February 2017.
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