Vice President of Iraq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Vice President of Iraq
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg
Nouri al-Maliki
Osama al-Nujaifi
Ayad Alawi

since 10 October 2016
Style His Excellency
Appointer Parliamentary vote
Term length Four years, renewable once
Formation 14 July 1958
10 October 2016 (restored)
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Iraq has three vice presidents or deputy presidents, although a debate is ongoing about a political reform to abolish their posts.

The office of Vice-President was historically largely ceremonial but prestigious. In post-war Iraq, the Constitution of Iraq, in its "Transitional Guidelines," creates a three-member Presidency (or Presidential) Council, consisting of the President of the Republic and two deputy presidents, who must act in unison. The Presidency Council had three members to accommodate Iraq's three largest groups: Sunni Muslim Arabs, Shiite Muslim Arabs, and the mostly Sunni Kurds. As a unit, the Presidency Council was meant to symbolize the unity of the nation. This arrangement is required by the constitution to continue until the Council of Representatives, enters its second set of sessions. At this point, the Presidency Council would be replaced by a solitary President of the Republic, who would have only one deputy, the Vice-President. In any case, the Presidency is appointed by the Council of Representatives.

The three-member arrangement was a hold-over from the Iraqi interim government and the Iraqi Transitional Government.

On 13 May 2011, three vice-presidents were elected.[1] On July 11, 2011, Adil Abdul-Mahdi resigned after he had presented his resignation to President Jalal Talabani on May 30, 2011. [2] [3]

On September 2014, three new Vice Presidents were elected: former Prime Ministers Nouri al-Maliki and Ayad Allawi and former Speaker of Parliament Osama al-Nujaifi.[citation needed]

On August 11, 2015 the Council of Representatives approved the al Abadi government plan to abolish the posts of both Vice President and Deputy Prime Minister. [4] Later, Osama al-Nujaifi filed a complaint against the decision, considering it to be against the Constitution.[5] Also Nuri al-Maliki promised to cling to his post.[6] On 10 October 2016, the three posts of Vice President were restored by the Supreme Court of Iraq which deemed their abolition unconstitutional.[7]

List of officeholders[edit]

Under Iraqi Republic and Ba'athist Iraq[edit]

The Ba'athist regime of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein also used the office of Vice President. However, the post was not as influential as the Vice Chairmen of the Revolutionary Command Council in Ba'athist Iraq. Vice Presidents were appointed at the discretion of the President.

Name Entered office Left office Notes
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr November 1963 January 1964
Saddam Hussein November 1969 July 1979
Hardan al-Tikriti April 1970 October 1970 [8]
Salih Mahdi Ammash April 1970 December 1971 [9]
Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf April 1974 May 2003 [10][11][12]
Taha Yassin Ramadan March 1991 May 2003 [13]

Since 2004[edit]

Name Portrait Born-Died Entered office Left office Political party
Ibrahim al-Jaafari
إبراهيم الجعفري
Ibrahim al-Jaafari 2014.jpg 1947– 1 June 2004 7 April 2005 Islamic Dawa Party
Rowsch Shaways
روز نورى شاويس
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg 1947– 1 June 2004 7 April 2005 Kurdistan Democratic Party
Adil Abdul-Mahdi
عادل عبد المهدي
ADIL ABD AL-MAHDI iq.jpg 1942– 7 April 2005 11 July 2011 Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq
Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
غازي مشعل عجيل الياور
Ghazi al Jawar.jpg 1958– 7 April 2005 22 April 2006 The Iraqis
Tariq al-Hashimi
طارق الهاشمي
Tariq Al-Hashimi.jpg 1942– 22 April 2006 10 September 2012 Iraqi Islamic Party
Khodair al-Khozaei
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg 1947– 13 May 2011 9 September 2014 Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation
Nouri al-Maliki
نوري المالكي
Nouri al-Maliki with Bush, June 2006, cropped.jpg 1950– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015[6] Islamic Dawa Party
Osama al-Nujaifi
Osama al nujaifi.jpg 1956– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015 Muttahidoon
Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي
Allawi1.jpg 1944– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015 Iraqi National Accord
Post abolished (11 August 201510 October 2016)
Post restored (10 October 2016–present)
Nouri al-Maliki[14][15]
نوري المالكي
Nouri al-Maliki with Bush, June 2006, cropped.jpg 1950– 10 October 2016[7] Incumbent Islamic Dawa Party
Osama al-Nujaifi[16][17]
Osama al nujaifi.jpg 1956– 10 October 2016[7] Incumbent Muttahidoon
Ayad Allawi[18][19]
أياد علاوي
Allawi1.jpg 1945– 10 October 2016[7] Incumbent Iraqi National Accord

See also[edit]