Vice-President of Tanzania

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Vice-President of the
United Republic of Tanzania
Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Coat of arms of Tanzania.svg
Flag of Tanzania.svg
Dr Philip Mpango.jpg
Incumbent
Philip Mpango

since 30 March 2021
StyleHis Excellency
Member ofCabinet
SeatDodoma, Tanzania[1]
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrument1977 Constitution
Formation1964; 58 years ago (1964)
First holderAbeid Karume
SalaryUS$4,375 monthly[2]
Websitewww.vpo.go.tz

The vice-president of Tanzania holds the second-highest political office in the United Republic of Tanzania. The vice president runs on a single ticket with the President of Tanzania, and ranks first in the presidential line of succession.

Per Article 37 of the Constitution of Tanzania, if the president dies, resigns, is permanently incapacitated, or is disqualified, the vice-president ascends to the presidency for the balance of the term. Under Article 40, a vice-president who ascends to the presidency in this manner is eligible to run for two full terms in their own right if there are fewer than three years remaining in the five-year term. If the vice-president ascends with more than three years remaining, they are only eligible for one full term.[3]

For example, when Samia Suluhu became the first vice-president to directly ascend to the presidency, she did so only one year after being reelected as the running mate of her predecessor, John Magufuli. While she would be eligible to run for a full term in 2025, if she won she would have to leave office in 2030.

List of vice-presidents of Tanzania[edit]

After the union between Tanganyika and the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964, Tanzania had two vice-presidents, First and Second until the creation of a single office in 1995.[4]

Term of office Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Party
First vice-presidents
1964–1972 Abeid Karume
(1905–1972)
Abeid Karume 1964.jpg Afro-Shirazi Party
1972–1984 Aboud Jumbe
(1920–2016)
No image.svg Afro-Shirazi Party
(until 1977)
Chama Cha Mapinduzi
(from 1977)
1984–1985 Ali Hassan Mwinyi
(born 1925)
Ali Hassan Mwinyi.jpg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
1985–1990 Joseph Warioba
(born 1940)
No image.svg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
1990–1994 John Malecela
(born 1934)
John Malecela (cropped).jpg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
1994–1995 Cleopa Msuya
(born 1931)
Cleopa David Msuya.jpg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
Second vice-presidents
1964–1977 Rashidi Kawawa
(1926–2009)
Rashidi Kawawa (cropped).jpg Tanganyika African National Union
1985–1990 Idris Abdul Wakil
(1925–2009)
No image.svg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
1990–1995 Salmin Amour
(born 1948)
No image.svg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
Vice-presidents (single office)
1995–2001 Omar Ali Juma
(1941–2001)
No image.svg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
2001–2010 Ali Mohamed Shein
(born 1948)
Ali Mohamed Shein, September 2014 (cropped).jpg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
2010–2015 Mohamed Gharib Bilal
(born 1945)
Mohamed Gharib Bilal.jpg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
2015–2021 Samia Suluhu Hassan
(born 1961)
Samia Suluhu Hassan in May 2017.jpg Chama Cha Mapinduzi
2021–present Philip Mpango
(born 1957)
Dr Philip Mpango.jpg Chama Cha Mapinduzi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tanzanian president officially moves to new capital Dodoma: presidency". Xinhua. October 13, 2019.
  2. ^ wa Simbiye, Finnigan (6 December 2013). "PM scoffs at super salary rumour". Daily News (Tanzania). Dodoma. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Constitution of Tanzania".
  4. ^ "List of Tanzanian Vice Presidents" (PDF). Vice President's Office. Retrieved 31 May 2013.

External links[edit]