Vicente Aleixandre

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Vicente Aleixandre
Aleixandre in 1977
Born (1898-04-26)26 April 1898
Seville, Spain
Died 14 December 1984(1984-12-14) (aged 86)
Madrid, Spain
Occupation Poet
Nationality Spanish
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Literature

Vicente Pío Marcelino Cirilo Aleixandre y Merlo (26 April 1898 – 14 December 1984) was a Spanish poet who was born in Seville.[1] Aleixandre received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1977 "for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars". He was part of the Generation of '27.

Aleixandre's early poetry, which he wrote mostly in free verse, is highly surrealistic. It also praises the beauty of nature by using symbols that represent the earth and the sea. Many of Aleixandre's early poems are filled with sadness. They reflect his feeling that people have lost the passion and free spirit that he saw in nature. He was one of the greatest gay poets of Spanish literature alongside Cernuda and Lorca.[2] The melancholia of his poetry was also the melancholy of failed or ephemeral love affairs. [3]

He died in Madrid in 1984.

His works[edit]

His early collections of poetry include Passion of the Earth (1935) and Destruction or Love (1933). In 1944, he wrote Shadow of Paradise, the poetry where he first began to concentrate on themes such as fellowship, friendliness, and spiritual unity. His later books of poetry include History of the Heart (1954) and In a Vast Dominion (1962).

Aleixandre studied law at the University of Madrid. Selections of his work were translated into English in Twenty Poems of Vicente Aleixandre (1977) and A Longing for the Light: Selected Poems of Vincent Aleixandre (1979; Copper Canyon Press, 2007) (translated by Lewis Hyde).


  1. ^ Vicente Aleixandre Criticism.
  2. ^ Vilaseca, David (2003). Hindsight and the Real: Subjectivity in Gay Hispanic Autobiography. Oxford, bern, Berlin, New York: Peter Lang. p. 30. ISBN 9783039100095. 
  3. ^ William Foster, David (1999). Spanish Writers on Gay and Lesbian Themes: A Bio-critical Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. pp. 26–7. ISBN 0313303320. 
  • Poesin blev min räddning (1977), documentary directed by Humberto López y Guerra about the Spanish Literature Nobel Prize Winner Vicente Aleixandre produced for Swedish Television TV1-Kultur