Vicente Riva Palacio

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Vicente Riva Palacio
Vicente Riva Palacio (1832-1896).jpg
Born Vicente Florencio Carlos Riva Palacio Guerrero
October 16, 1832
Mexico City, Mexico
Died November 22, 1896(1896-11-22) (aged 64)
Madrid, Spain
Nationality Mexican
Occupation Politician

Vicente Riva Palacio y Guerrero (16 October 1832 in Mexico City – 22 November 1896 in Madrid) was a liberal politician, novelist, journalist, intellectual, and military leader.

His father was Mariano Riva Palacio, a moderate liberal, and his mother was María de los Dolores Guerrero Hernández, daughter of independence hero and President of Mexico Vicente Guerrero and María de Guadalupe Hernández.[1] [2] Vicente's father worked for the Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico in Querétaro during the French intervention in Mexico.[3]

Life[edit]

In 1845 Riva Palacio entered college at San Gregorio, graduating in 1854 as a lawyer. Riva Palacio was not only a lawyer but a general, diplomat, politician, historian and a writer. After Riva Palacio received his degree in law he continued working while going to war. Riva Palacio participated in the liberal Plan de Ayutla that ousted Antonio López de Santa Anna and fought against the French intervention in Mexico (1862-67). In 1858 and through April 1860, he was in prison because of his liberal ideas. After prison, he became congressman and wrote for the newspaper La Orquesta. In 1862, Riva Palacio became Governor of the State of Mexico. Then in 1865, he founded and published a newspaper called "El Pito Real". Also in 1865, he became Governor of Michoacán due to the death of General José María Arteaga, Riva Palacio was then named General and chief of the central army.[4] In 1867 he published another newspaper called "El Radical" that only lasted until 1873. After El Radical he published another newspaper called El Ahuizote. In 1876 he resigned as governor to dedicate himself to writing. In 1884, he was accused of conspiracy and was imprisoned, where he wrote his second volume of what became the five-volume México a través de los siglos. After prison Riva Palacio retired from the military and left for Spain where he met Spanish artists and politicians. In 1896, Vicente Riva Palacio died in Madrid.[5]

Works[edit]

Novels
  • Calvario y tabor
  • Monja y casada, virgen y mártir
  • Martín Garatuza
  • Las dos emparedadas: Memorias de la Inquisición
  • Los piratas del golfo
  • La vuelta de los muertos
  • Memorias de un impostor: Don Guillén de Lampart, rey de México
  • Un secreto que mata
Books of poetry
  • Flores de alma
  • Páginas en verso
  • Mis versos
Theatrical works written in collaboration
  • Las liras hermanas
Histories and criticisms
  • Historia de la administración de don Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada
  • Los ceros
  • México a través de los siglos, v.2, El virreinato
  • El libro rojo (in collaboration)
Stories and legends
  • Cuentos de un loco
  • Cuentos del general
  • Tradiciones y leyendas mexicanas (in collaboration)
  • El abanico

References[edit]

  1. ^ José Ortiz Monasterio, "Vicente Riva Palacio y Guerrero" in Encyclopedia of Mexico, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn 1997, p.1281.
  2. ^ "Vicente Riva Palacio." Bicentenario Independencia. Diccionario Porrúa, Biografía y Geografía de México. n.d. Web. 08 March 2010.
  3. ^ (Bicentenaro par.1).
  4. ^ José Ortiz Monasterio, "Vicente Riva Palacio y Guerrero", p. 1281.
  5. ^ "Vicente Riva Palacio Collection, 1790-1896 , Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin". Retrieved April 30, 2010.