Viceroy of Huguang

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Viceroy of Huguang
Traditional Chinese 湖廣總督
Simplified Chinese 湖广总督
Governor-General of Hubei and Hunan Provinces and the Surrounding Areas; Overseeing Military Affairs, Food Production; Director of Civil Affairs
(full title)
Traditional Chinese 總督湖北湖南等處地方提督軍務、糧饟兼巡撫事
Simplified Chinese 总督湖北湖南等处地方提督军务、粮饷兼巡抚事

The Viceroy of Huguang, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General of Hubei and Hunan Provinces and the Surrounding Areas; Overseeing Military Affairs, Food Production; Director of Civil Affairs, was one of eight regional Viceroys in China proper during the Qing dynasty. The Viceroy of Huguang had jurisdiction over Hubei and Hunan provinces, which were previously a single province called "Huguang Province" in the Ming dynasty, hence the name "Huguang".

History[edit]

The office was created in 1644 as the "Viceroy of Huguang" during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor. Its headquarters were in Wuchang (present-day Wuchang District, Wuhan, Hubei). It was abolished in 1668 during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor but was restored in 1670 as the "Viceroy of Chuan-Hu" (川湖總督; "Viceroy of (Si)chuan and Hu(guang)"), with its headquarters in Chongqing. In 1674, the office of Viceroy of Chuan-Hu was split into the Viceroy of Sichuan and Viceroy of Huguang, and had remained as such until 1904. In 1904, during the reign of the Guangxu Emperor, the office of Provincial Governor of Hubei was merged into the office of Viceroy of Huguang.

List of Viceroys of Huguang[edit]

# Name Portrait Start of term End of term Notes
Viceroy of Huguang
(1645–1904)
1 Luo Xiujin
羅繡錦
1645 1652 As Viceroy of Huguang and Sichuan
2 Zu Zeyuan
祖澤遠
1652 1656
3 Hong Chengchou
洪承疇
洪承畴.jpg 1653 1658 As Viceroy of Huguang, Liangguang and Yun-Gui
4 Hu Quancai
胡全才
1656 1656
5 Li Zuyin
李祖蔭
1656 1660
6 Zhang Changgeng
張長庚
1660 1668
7 Liu Zhaoqi
劉兆麒
1668 1669 As Viceroy of Chuan-Hu
8 Cai Yurong
蔡毓榮
1670 1682 As Viceroy of Chuan-Hu
9 Dong Weiguo
董衛國
1682 1684
10 Xu Guoxiang
徐國相
1684 1688
11 Ding Sikong
丁思孔
1688 1694
12 Wu Tian
吳琠
1694 1696
13 Li Huizu
李輝祖
1696 1699
14 Guo Xiu
郭琇
1699 1703
Nian Xialing
年遐齡
1701 1704 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
15 Yu Chenglong
喻成龍
1703 1705
16 Shi Wensheng
石文晟
1705 1707
17 Guo Shilong
郭世隆
1707 1710
18 Ehai
鄂海
1710 1713
19 Elunte
額倫特
1713 1716
20 Man Pi
滿丕
1716 1722
21 Yang Zongren
楊宗仁
1722 1725
22 Li Chenglong
李成龍
1725 1726
23 Yi Zhaoxiong
宜兆熊
1726 1726
24 Fumin
福敏
1726 1727
25 Maizhu
邁柱
1727 1735
26 Zhang Guangsi
張廣泗
1735 1735
27 Shi Yizhi
史貽直
1735 1737
28 Depei
德沛
1737 1739
29 Bandi
班第
Meritorious Officers Paintings of Ziguang Ge-Bandi.JPG 1739 1740
30 Nasutu
那蘇圖
1740 1741
31 Sun Jiagan
孫嘉淦
1741 1743
32 A'ersai
阿爾賽
1743 1744
33 Emida
鄂彌達
1744 1746
34 Saileng'e
賽楞額
1746 1748
35 Xinzhu
新柱
1748 1749
36 Yongxing
永興
1749 1750
37 Arigun
阿里袞
Arigun.jpg 1750 1751
38 Yongchang
永常
1751 1753
39 Kaitai
開泰
1753 1755
40 Shuose
碩色
1755 1759
41 Suchang
蘇昌
1759 1761
42 Aibida
愛必達
1761 1763
Chen Hongmou
陳宏謀
陈弘谋.jpg 1763 1763 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
43 Li Shiyao
李侍堯
Li Shiyao.jpg 1763 1764
44 Wu Dashan
吳達善
1764 1766
45 Liu Zao
劉藻
1766 1766
46 Dingchang
定長
1766 1768
Gao Jin
高晉
1768 1768 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
47 Wu Dashan
吳達善
1768 1771
48 Fuming'an
富明安
1771 1772
49 Haiming
海明
1772 1772
50 Fulehun
富勒渾
1772 1773
Chen Huizu
陳輝祖
1772 1773 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
51 Wenshou
文綬
1773 1776
52 Fulehun
富勒渾
1776 1777
53 Sanbao
三寶
1777 1779
54 Tuside
圖思德
1779 1779
55 Fulehun
富勒渾
1779 1780
56 Shuchang
舒常
1780 1784
57 Techeng'e
特成額
1784 1786
58 Bi Yuan
畢沅
毕沅.jpg 1786 1786
59 Li Shiyao
李侍堯
Li Shiyao.jpg 1786 1787
60 Changqing
常青
1787 1787
61 Shuchang
舒常
1787 1788
63 Bi Yuan
畢沅
毕沅.jpg 1788 1794
64 Funing
福寧
1794 1795
65 Bi Yuan
畢沅
毕沅.jpg 1795 1797
66 Lebao
勒保
1797 1798
67 Jing'an
景安
1798 1799
68 Woshibu
倭什布
1799 1800
70 Jiang Sheng
姜晟
姜晟.jpg 1800 1800
71 Shulin
書麟
1800 1801
72 Woshibu
倭什布
1801 1801
73 Wu Xiongguang
吳熊光
1801 1805
74 Bailing
百齡
1805 1805
75 Quanbao
全保
1805 1806
76 Wang Zhiyi
汪志伊
1806 1810
77 Ma Huiyu
馬慧裕
1810 1816
78 Sun Yuting
孫玉庭
1816 1816
79 Ruan Yuan
阮元
阮元像.JPG 1816 1817
80 Qingbao
慶保
1817 1820
81 Zhang Yinghan
張映漢
1820 1820
82 Chen Ruolin
陳若霖
陳若霖.jpg 1820 1822
83 Li Hongbin
李鴻賓
1822 1826
84 Songfu
嵩孚
1826 1830
Yang Yizeng
楊懌曾
1830 1830 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
85 Lu Kun
盧坤
1830 1832
86 Na'erjing'e
訥爾經額
1832 1837
87 Lin Zexu
林則徐
Commissioner Lin 2.png February 1837 December 1838
88 Zhou Tianjue
周天爵
December 1838 December 1840
89 Guiliang
桂良
June 1839 December 1839
90 Yutai
裕泰
December 1839 December 1851
91 Cheng Yucai
程矞采
December 1851 October 1852
Xu Guangjin
徐廣縉
October 1852 February 1853 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
Zhang Liangji
張亮基
February 1853 September 1853
92 Wu Wenrong
吳文鎔
September 1853 February 1854
93 Taiyong
台湧
March 1854 July 1854
94 Yang Pei
楊霈
October 1854 June 1855
95 Guanwen
官文
June 1855 February 1867
Tan Tingxiang
譚廷襄
1866 1866 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
96 Li Hongzhang
李鴻章
Li Hung Chang in 1896.jpg February 1867 August 1870
Li Hanzhang
李瀚章
1867 1868 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
Guo Boyin
郭柏蔭
1868 1869 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
97 Li Hanzhang
李瀚章
August 1870 April 1882
Weng Tongjue
翁同爵
翁同爵.jpg 1875 1876 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
98 Tu Zongying
塗宗瀛
April 1882 June 1883
Bian Baodi
卞寶第
June 1883 April 1885 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
Yulu
裕祿
Yulu.jpg April 1885 August 1889 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
99 Zhang Zhidong
張之洞
張之洞朝服照.jpg August 1889 November 1894
100 Tan Jixun
譚繼洵
November 1894 January 1896
101 Zhang Zhidong
張之洞
張之洞朝服照.jpg January 1896 November 1902
Duanfang
端方
Duan Fang.jpg November 1902 1904 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
Viceroy of Huguang and Provincial Governor of Hubei
(1904–1911)
102 Zhang Zhidong
張之洞
張之洞朝服照.jpg 1904 August 1907
103 Zhao Erxun
趙爾巽
Zhao Erxun.jpg August 1907 March 1908
104 Chen Kuilong
陳夔龍
Chen Kuilong.jpg March 1908 October 1909
Ruicheng
瑞澂
October 1909 October 1911 Acting Viceroy of Huguang
Yuan Shikai
袁世凱
YuanShika Colour.jpg 14 October 1911 Never assumed office
Wei Guangtao
魏光燾
Wei Guangtao.jpg 1911 Never assumed office
Wang Shizhen
王士珍
WangShizhen.jpg 2 November 1911 Never assumed office
Duan Zhigui
段芝貴
Duanzhigui.jpg 14 November 1911 Never assumed office
Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
DuanQirui.jpg 17 November 1911 Never assumed office

References[edit]