Vickers–Berthier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Vickers–Berthier
Vickers-Berthier-M1924-light-machine-gun-batey-haosef-1.jpg
TypeLight machine gun
Place of originFrance/United Kingdom[1]
Service history
Used bySee users
WarsChaco War
Spanish Civil War
World War II
Production history
DesignerBerthier Pacha
Designed1910 (first version)
1925 (Vickers-Berthier)
ManufacturerVickers-Armstrong, Rifle Factory Ishapore
Produced1933-1942[2]
Specifications
Weight24.4 lb (11.1 kg)
Length45.5 in (1.156 m)

Calibre.303 British, 7.65×53mm Mauser
ActionGas-operated, tilting breech-block
Rate of fire450-600 round/min
Muzzle velocity2,450 ft/s (745 m/s)
Feed systembox 30 rounds
SightsIron

The Vickers–Berthier (VB) is a light machine gun that was produced by the British company Vickers-Armstrong. It was adopted by the British Indian Army and saw combat during World War II.

History[edit]

Berthier machine gun[edit]

The Vickers–Berthier was based on a French design of just before World War I. It was proposed for use with infantry as Fusil Mitrailleur Berthier Modèle 1910, Modèle 1911, Modèle 1912, Modèle 1916 and Modèle 1920.[3] It was also proposed in 1918 to US Army which finally refused it.[4] A later version, the Fusil Mitrailleur Berthier Modèle 1922, competed for the replacement of the Chauchat LMG in the French army but the Fusil Mitrailleur MAC modèle 1924 was adopted.[1]

Vickers-Berthier machine gun[edit]

In 1925 Vickers in Britain purchased licence rights of the Berthier Model 1922[1] for production in their Crayford factory, and as a replacement for the Lewis Gun. It was an alternative to the water-cooled Vickers machine gun made by the same company.[5] The weapon used a similar gas and tipping bolt mechanism to the Bren gun, and also had a removable barrel, and was air-cooled like the Bren. It was adopted by the Indian Army in 1933.[6] During the British Army trials of several light machine guns which began in 1932, the Vickers–Berthier was in direct competition with the ZB vz. 26. The British Army adopted the latter, modified and known as the Bren light machine gun, and the Vickers–Berthier was adopted by the British Indian Army.[7] A production line for the Vickers–Berthier Light Machine-Gun Mk 3 was established at the Rifle Factory Ishapore.[8]

Appearance and Design[edit]

The Vickers–Berthier Light Machine Gun has a 30-round box magazine and a bipod stand, and is sometimes mistaken for the Bren as both used a similar curved magazine to accommodate the rimmed .303 British cartridge.[8]

It was slightly heavier, at 24 pounds, than the Bren at 22 pounds. It was also slightly longer, and harder to stow away. The Vickers-Berthier also had a slower cyclic rate of 500 rpm.[9] The only major advantage the weapon had over the Bren was the far simpler design; it could be produced more efficiently.[7]

It existed in five versions : Mk I, Mk II, Mk II light, Mk III and Mk IIIB.[10] Mark 1 was introduced in 1928, Mark 2 in 1931 and Mark 3 in 1933.[11]

Use[edit]

Apart from India, it was only sold to Latvia and Bolivia[12], but the design was modified into the Vickers K machine gun, called the Vickers Gas Operated (VGO).[8]

In Indian service, it was replaced from 1942 by Brens[13] but continued to serve with reserve units of the Indian Army into the 1980s.[1]

Users[edit]

Failed bids[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lorain, Pierre (September 1980). "Le F.M. Berthier 1908-1922: II. L'arme de guerre". La gazette des armes (in French). No. 85. pp. 17–20.
  2. ^ Grant 2013, p. 22.
  3. ^ Lorain, Pierre (July 1980). "Le F.M. Berthier 1908-1922". La gazette des armes (in French). No. 84. pp. 34–38.
  4. ^ Willbanks, James H. (2004). Machine Guns: An Illustrated History of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-85109-480-6.
  5. ^ "Vickers LMG". Forgotten Weapons.com.
  6. ^ Grant 2013, p. 12.
  7. ^ a b Grant 2013, p. 10.
  8. ^ a b c d e Bishop 1998, p. 245.
  9. ^ Grant 2013, p. 14.
  10. ^ Davie, Don. "Vickers-Berthier and VGO Machine Guns". acant.org.au. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  11. ^ Popenker, Maxim. "Vickers-Berthier". modernfirearms.net. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  12. ^ Grant J 2018, p. 76.
  13. ^ Grant 2013, p. 45&48.
  14. ^ a b c Alejandro de Quesada (20 November 2011). The Chaco War 1932-35: South America's greatest modern conflict. Osprey Publishing. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-84908-901-2.
  15. ^ Drēziņš, Artis (9 November 2012). "Latvijas valsts armija gadu griežos". la.lv (in Latvian). Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  16. ^ a b Davie, Don. "More on the Vickers-Berthier". acant.org.au. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  17. ^ Grant J 2018, p. 90.
  18. ^ Grant J 2018, p. 62.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]