Goldberg's books include The Power of Photography: How Photographs Changed Our Lives; Light Matters (a selection of her essays); and The White House: The President's Home in Photographs and History; as well as editing the anthology Photography in Print: Writings from 1816 to the Present. Her first biography, Margaret Bourke-White, took an in-depth look at the life and techniques of Margaret Bourke-White, a photographer active in the early to mid-20th Century.
Goldberg co-wrote A Nation of Strangers: Essays with Arthur Ollman, and American Photography: A Century of Images with art historian Robert Silberman. She has also written introductions to a number of photographic monographs.
Margaret Bourke-White and The Power of Photography were included in the American Library Association's lists of best books of their respective years. In 2006, Photography in Print was named by The Wall Street Journal one of the year's five best books on photography.
Goldberg has written for The New York Times and Vanity Fair. She has lectured in Belgium, England, France, China, Korea, Norway and Portugal as well as America. She currently works as a freelance writer and lecturer.