Vicky Hartzler

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Vicky Hartzler
Vicky Hartzler official portrait 117th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 4th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded byIke Skelton
Member of the Missouri House of Representatives
from the 124th district
In office
January 4, 1995 – January 3, 2001
Preceded byGene Olson
Succeeded byRex Rector
Personal details
Born
Vicky Jo Zellmer

(1960-10-13) October 13, 1960 (age 61)
Archie, Missouri, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
SpouseLowell Hartzler
Children1
EducationUniversity of Missouri (BS)
University of Central Missouri (MS)
WebsiteHouse website

Vicky Jo Hartzler (née Zellmer; born October 13, 1960) is an American politician serving as the U.S. representative for Missouri's 4th congressional district since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, she served as the Missouri state representative for the 124th district from 1995 to 2000.[1][2]

Hartzler's district comprises a large swath of western-central Missouri, anchored in Columbia and stretching to the eastern and southern Kansas City suburbs, including a sliver of Kansas City. The district also includes Sedalia, Warrensburg, Moberly, and Lebanon.

Hartzler was a candidate in the 2022 United States Senate election in Missouri, but lost the Republican primary to Eric S. Schmitt.[3][4]

Early life and education[edit]

Hartzler was raised on a farm near Archie, a rural community south of Kansas City. She attended the University of Missouri, where she graduated summa cum laude with a B.S. in education, and the University of Central Missouri, where she graduated with an M.S. in education.[5]

Missouri legislature[edit]

Before running for state representative in 1994, Hartzler taught high school home economics for 11 years.[6]

She left the Missouri House of Representatives in 2000 after adopting a baby daughter. In 2004, Hartzler served as state spokeswoman for the Coalition to Protect Marriage,[7] which supported banning same-sex marriage in Missouri. In 2000, Hartzler opposed the Missouri Assembly's ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and led a group of legislators in a rally against the ERA, saying she didn't "want women used to pass a liberal agenda".[8] In 2005, Governor Matt Blunt appointed Hartzler chair of the Missouri Women's Council, where she served for two years.[9]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

2010[edit]

After almost a decade out of politics, Hartzler entered the Republican primary for Missouri's 4th congressional district, which at the time was held by 17-term Democratic incumbent Ike Skelton. She won a seven-way primary with 40% of the vote.

Hartzler and family at swearing in ceremony at the United States House of Representatives

Hartzler won the November 2 general election with 50.43% of the vote. She is the first Republican to represent the district since 1955, and only the second since the Great Depression. She was also the second Republican woman elected to Congress from Missouri, after Jo Ann Emerson, with whom she served from 2011 to 2013. She is the first who was not elected as a stand-in for her husband; Emerson was originally elected to serve out the final term of her late husband, Bill Emerson. Republicans had been making gains in the district for some time; it gave John McCain 62% of the vote in 2008 while simultaneously reelecting Skelton, and Republicans hold most of the district's seats in the state legislature. While Skelton more than held his own in the areas of the district closer to Kansas City, Hartzler swamped him in the more rural areas, including areas that had supported him for over 30 years.

Hartzler ran on a conservative platform, voicing support for tax cuts and spending cuts. She opposes abortion[10] and same-sex marriage.

Missouri’s 4th congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 113,489 50.43
Democratic Ike Skelton (incumbent) 101,532 45.11
Libertarian Jason Michael Braun 6,123 2.72
Constitution Greg Cowan 3,912 1.74

2012[edit]

During her first term, Hartzler represented a district that stretched as far east as the state capital, Jefferson City, and as far west as exurban areas of Jackson County. Redistricting after the 2010 U.S. Census removed Cole, Lafayette, Ray and Saline counties—including Skelton's home. The district also lost its shares of Jackson and Webster counties. In its place, the district picked up all of Boone, Cooper, Howard, and Randolph counties, part of Audrain County, and the remainder of Cass County. The district now includes Cass County's portion of Kansas City.

At a town hall meeting in Missouri on April 5, 2012, Hartzler expressed doubts about President Barack Obama's birth certificate.[11][12][13]

In her first contest in the newly drawn district, Hartzler easily won the Republican primary with 84% of the vote against Bernie Mowinski and went on to win the general election with 60.3% against the Democratic nominee, Cass County Prosecuting Attorney Teresa Hensley.[14]

Missouri’s 4th congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 192,237 60.32
Democratic Teresa Hensley 113,120 35.49
Libertarian Thomas Holbrook 10,407 3.27
Constitution Greg Cowan 2,959 0.93

2014[edit]

Hartzler won nearly 75% of the vote in the Republican primary against John Webb, then won the general election by a more than two-to-one margin.[14]

Missouri’s 4th congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 120,014 68.08
Democratic Nate Irvin 46,464 26.36
Libertarian Herschel L. Young 9,793 5.56
Write-In Greg Cowan 15 0.01

2016[edit]

Hartzler won 72% of the vote in the Republican primary against John Webb, then won the general election by a more than two-to-one margin.

Missouri’s 4th congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 225,348 67.83
Democratic Gordon Christensen 92,510 27.85
Libertarian Mark Bliss 14,376 4.33

2018[edit]

Missouri's 4th congressional district, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler (incumbent) 190,138 64.8
Democratic Renee Hoagenson 95,968 32.7
Libertarian Mark Bliss 7,210 2.5
Total votes 293,316 100.0
Republican hold

2020[edit]

Missouri's 4th congressional district, 2020
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler (incumbent) 245,247 67.6
Democratic Lindsey Simmons 107,635 29.7
Libertarian Steven K. Koonse 9,954 2.7
Total votes 362,836 100.0
Republican hold

Committee assignments[edit]

Hartzler with Vice President Mike Pence at a Value Action Team event in the United States House of Representatives.

Caucus memberships[edit]

Tenure and political positions[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Hartzler opposes abortion.[18] She has sponsored legislation in an effort to block taxpayer dollars from funding clinics that offer abortion services, such as Planned Parenthood, as well as legislation such as the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act.[citation needed]

In October 2015, Hartzler was on the Select Investigative Panel on Planned Parenthood.[19]

Agriculture[edit]

In September 2013, Hartzler voted for a $39 billion reduction in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits, which was separated from legislation to increase farm subsidies for the first time in over three decades.[20][better source needed]

As a senior member of the House Agriculture Committee, Hartzler served as a conferee to pass the final version of the Farm Bill in 2018.[21] Hartzler did not vote on the measure to pass the Farm Bill due to her father passing away in December 2018.[22] President Donald Trump signed the final version of the Farm Bill in December 2018.[23]

Hartzler has supported investment in rural broadband, which falls under the jurisdiction of the House Agriculture Committee. She successfully led provisions Trump signed into law to increase private investment in rural broadband, modifying Rural Utilities Service broadband programs to include loan guarantees in addition to existing direct loans.[24] She also successfully led provisions to increase minimum download speeds from 4 to 25 megabits per second, with minimum upload speed tripling to 3 Mbps for companies receiving financing from the Department of Agriculture's Rural Utilities Service fund.[25] In 2020, Hartzler introduced legislation to allow certain Rural Utilities Service borrowers to take advantage of low interest rates without heavy fines and penalties in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic.[26]

Environment[edit]

Hartzler rejects the scientific consensus on climate change.[citation needed] On November 18, 2014, during the worst early season cold snap in the U.S. since 1976, Hartzler made a joke about climate change on Twitter. "Global warming strikes America! Brrrr!"[27] The quip was rebutted in detail by The Washington Post, which reported that her district in Missouri is among the areas most severely impacted by climate change in the United States.[28]

China[edit]

Hartzler supported the Trump administration's call to require the government to purchase only medical equipment and pharmaceuticals made in the United States. In 2019, she and Representative John Garamendi introduced legislation to require the Department of Defense to "identify vulnerabilities faced by our country’s dependence on Chinese pharmaceuticals, and to only purchase American-made raw materials, medicines, and vaccines for the military."[29] In July 2020, Hartzler and Garamendi announced provisions of the legislation were ultimately rolled in the broader National Defense Authorization Act,[30] which passed the House of Representatives on July 21, 2020.[31]

As a member of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Hartzler was sanctioned by the Chinese government along with other prominent members of the federal government, including Senator Marco Rubio, Senator Ted Cruz, and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.[32] The sanctions against Hartzler and her colleagues came after Pompeo and the United States Department of Treasury sanctioned four Chinese officials for their involvement in alleged human rights abuses in Xinjiang against the Uyghur Muslim population.[33]

On July 17, 2020, days after the announcement of sanctions against U.S. lawmakers by China, Hartzler wrote a Fox News op-ed expressing support for the Trump administration's sanctions on China and calling for the international community to impose similar sanctions. She also called on lawmakers to "expose U.S. companies complicit" in profiting from alleged slave labor in Xinjiang reeducation camps.[34]

Hartzler visiting the United States Army installation at Fort Belvoir, Virginia

Israel[edit]

In February 2016, during a trip to Israel, Hartzler voiced her support for the country and said, "our country has been blessed because we have been a blessing to Israel".[35]

Healthcare[edit]

Hartzler opposed the Affordable Care Act[36] and supported the American Health Care Act.[37]

Hartzler signing final version of the Farm Bill

Immigration[edit]

In January 2017, Hartzler made a statement supporting Trump's ban on immigrants from seven Muslim countries and halting the U.S. Refugee program for 120 days.[18] In her statement, Hartzler said Trump's executive order and Obama's 2011 policy that slowed immigration from Iraq were "similar".[38]

LGBT rights[edit]

Hartzler opposes same-sex marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships.[39] She also opposes banning discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.[40] In 2019, Hartzler expressed her strong opposition to the Equality Act.[41] She has written an op-ed rejecting it.[42][43] She also opposes allowing transgender individuals to serve in the military.[40][44]

In 2019, Hartzler sponsored an event by proponents of conversion therapy in order to provide congressional office space, for which she was rebuked by Representative Ted Lieu, whose office was next to the event, and who sponsored legislation to ban conversion therapy.[45][46][44]

In March 2022, Hartzler's Twitter account was briefly suspended after tweeting, "Women’s sports are for women, not men pretending to be women", in reference to transgender swimmer Lia Thomas.[47]

Military[edit]

As a member of the House Armed Services Committee, Hartzler supports increasing military spending, saying, "[i]n order to maintain our competitive advantage in the era of great power competition, we must modernize our forces."[48][better source needed]

Throughout her tenure in the committee, Hartzler has served as a conferee in the legislative process to pass the National Defense Authorization Act,[49] all of which the president has signed into law. She has led initiatives to fully fund the B-21 long range strike bomber program[50] and modernization programs of the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit based at Whiteman Air Force Base. She has also successfully advocated for funding for the maintenance and modifications to the A-10 Thunderbolt II program[51] and funding for the F-15EX program based in Missouri, the F-18 Super Hornet program, and the T-7A Advanced Trainer program. Hartzler has also successfully advocated for funding of the Fort Leonard Wood hospital replacement project and a partial dislocation allowance for service members forced to move from dormitories.[52][53]

On June 29, 2017, Hartzler opposed allowing transgender Americans to serve in the U.S. armed forces, and proposed an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 to reverse an Obama administration policy that allowed transgender Americans in the armed services. Her amendment was rejected in a 209–214 vote,[54] but Trump subsequently announced that he would ban transgender people to serve in U.S. military; Hartzler said that she was "very pleased" by the decision.[55]

Violence Against Women Act[edit]

Hartzler voted against the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act.[56]

Economy[edit]

Hartzler, along with all other Senate and House Republicans, voted against the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.[57]

Paycheck Protection Program loan[edit]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Hartzler's business, Heartland Tractor Company in Harrisonville, Missouri, received a loan of over $450,000 as part of the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP); the loan was later forgiven.[58] Hartzler voted against the TRUTH Act (H.R. 6782), a bill that would have required public disclosure of companies that received funds through the program.[59][60]

2020 presidential election[edit]

On December 10, 2020, Hartzler was one of 126 Republican members of the U.S. House of Representatives to sign an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election.[61] The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of an election held by another state.[62][63][64] House Speaker Nancy Pelosi issued a statement that called signing the amicus brief an act of election subversion.[65][66]

Hartzler was one of the 139 Republican representatives who voted to overturn the results of the 2020 presidential election in Congress at the 2021 United States Electoral College vote count.[67]

2022 U.S. Senate campaign[edit]

On June 10, 2021, Hartzler announced her candidacy for the open U.S. Senate seat in Missouri in 2022.[68]

In February 2022, Hartzler's campaign released a 30-second ad criticizing Lia Thomas, a transgender swimmer on the University of Pennsylvania women's team. In the ad, Hartzler said, "Women's sports are for women, not men pretending to be women", adding that, as Missouri's senator, she would not "look away while woke liberals destroy women's sports."[69]

U.S. Senator Josh Hawley endorsed Hartzler in February 2022. According to Politico, "His choice generated hard feelings among other contenders for the Senate nomination—in addition to raising eyebrows in Trump World. Of all the candidates in the field, Hartzler has done the least public pandering to win the former president's support."[70] On July 8, 2022, Donald Trump refused to endorse Hartzler, saying, "I don't think she has what it takes to take on the Radical Left Democrats."[71][70]

Hartzler lost the August 2 Republican primary to Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmitt, receiving 22% of the vote to Schmitt's 46%.

Personal life[edit]

Hartzler lives on a farm near Harrisonville with her family.[5] She is an Evangelical Christian.[72]

Works[edit]

  • Hartzler self-published the book Running God's Way, Pleasant Word (a division of the now defunct WinePress Publishing; December 13, 2007), and then later Xulon Press; ISBN 978-1-4141-1124-7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Representative Vicky Jo Hartzler (Vicky) (R-Missouri, 4th) – Biography from LegiStorm". Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  2. ^ Former GOP lawmaker Hartzler wins 9-way contest, Associated Press (August 3, 2010).
  3. ^ Williams, Kari (June 10, 2021). "Rep. Vicky Hartzler announces U.S. Senate bid". 41KSHB.
  4. ^ Gomez, Henry J. (August 2, 2022). "Eric Schmitt wins GOP primary for Senate in Missouri, defeating former Gov. Greitens". NBCNews.com. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Congresswoman Vicky Hartzler biodata, hartzler.house.gov; accessed July 26, 2017
  6. ^ Murphree, Randall (April 2008). "Purging the pain from political campaigns". OneNewsNow.com. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  7. ^ Davey, Monica (August 4, 2004). "Missourians Back Amendment Barring Gay Marriage". The New York Times. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  8. ^ Lutz, Jennifer (April 23, 2000). "ERA supporters, opponents speak out". Missouri Digital News.
  9. ^ Former State Rep makes pitch to replace Ike Skelton in Congress September 2, 2009; accessed January 3, 2010.
  10. ^ Hartzler, Vicky (July 14, 2016). "Rep. Vicky Hartzler: Congress, we must protect Americans who disagree with abortion". Fox News. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  11. ^ Celock, John. "Obama Birth Certificate: Missouri Congresswoman Vicki Hartzler Expresses Doubt". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  12. ^ "Hartzler speaks in town hall: 'We don't want to go bankrupt'". SedaliaDemocrat.com. Archived from the original on April 10, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  13. ^ "America's Most Anti-Gay Congresswoman Also a Birther". MotherJones.com. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  14. ^ a b Ashcroft, John. "State of Missouri - Election Night Results". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved March 19, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "Member List". Republican Study Committee. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  16. ^ "Members of the Veterinary Medicine Caucus". Veterinary Medicine Caucus. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  17. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on August 1, 2018. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  18. ^ a b "Missouri, Kansas politicians weigh in on Trump immigration ban". Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  19. ^ Kane, Paul (October 23, 2015). "Boehner's next select committee, focusing on Planned Parenthood, to be led by Marsha Blackburn". Washington Post. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  20. ^ "How Republicans Justify Cutting Food Stamps While Boosting Farm Subsidies". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  21. ^ "Hartzler and congressional committee work on differences to replace expired farm bill". October 8, 2018.
  22. ^ "Missouri U.S. House delegation all in with Farm Bill". December 13, 2018.
  23. ^ www.whitehouse.gov
  24. ^ "Hartzler Introduces Legislation to Address Broadband in Farm Bill". March 13, 2018.
  25. ^ "Rural broadband could get a lot faster with new farm bill". March 22, 2018.
  26. ^ "Hartzler introduces relief to rural broadband providers".
  27. ^ @RepHartzler (November 18, 2014). "Global warming strikes America! Brrrr!" (Tweet). Retrieved November 18, 2014 – via Twitter.
  28. ^ "Congresswoman Vicky Hartzler wonders why it's so cold if global warming exists. Here's the answer". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
  29. ^ "Bipartisan group of lawmakers press Trump to issue executive order moving drug manufacturing out of China". May 8, 2020.
  30. ^ "Hartzler on House Armed Services Committee Passing National Defense Authorization Act". July 2, 2020.
  31. ^ "House passes $740 billion funding bill that would remove Confederate names from military bases". CNN.
  32. ^ "Why China's new sanctions single out Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio".
  33. ^ "Xinjiang: US sanctions on Chinese officials over 'abuse' of Muslims". BBC News. July 9, 2020.
  34. ^ "Rep. Vicky Hartzler: Trump right to act against China for its inhumane crimes against Uighur minority". Fox News. July 16, 2020.
  35. ^ Lazaroff, Tovah (February 23, 2016). "Visiting GOP congressman from Florida: Israel has done its utmost to promote peace". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  36. ^ "Vicky Hartzler on Health Care". ontheissues.org. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  37. ^ "American Health Care Act" (PDF). Cbo.gov. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  38. ^ "There are major differences between Trump's immigration ban and Obama's 2011 policy". Business Insider. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  39. ^ "Marriage". Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  40. ^ a b Stark, Liz (July 26, 2017). "Hartzler: Transgender service members 'costly' to military". CNN Politics. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  41. ^ "House Debate on the Equality Act". C-SPAN. May 17, 2019.
  42. ^ Hartzler, Vicky (May 14, 2019). "The Equality Act would lead to the death of women's rights". The Hill.
  43. ^ Sopelsa, Brooke (May 17, 2019). "House passes sweeping LGBTQ nondiscrimination bill in historic vote". NBC News. Associated Press. Retrieved February 28, 2021.
  44. ^ a b Duffy, Nick (November 2, 2019). "Republican congresswoman Vicky Hartzler is not sorry for promoting gay cure therapy". Pink News.
  45. ^ Fuller, Matt (October 13, 2019). "GOP Rep. Vicky Hartzler Helps 'Conversion Therapy' Group Hold Capitol Hill Event". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  46. ^ Lucas, Judy (November 1, 2019). "Hartzler says she supports her office's help of group that believes in conversion therapy". The Columbia Missourian. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  47. ^ "Twitter suspends US Senate candidate for hateful conduct". Associated Press. March 1, 2022.
  48. ^ "US Can't be Negligent or Irresponsible in Military Funding Decisions". June 30, 2020.
  49. ^ "Leader McCarthy Announces NDAA Conferees". September 17, 2019.
  50. ^ "Support FY20 Funding for the B-21 Program – DearColleague.us".
  51. ^ Clarke, Colin (March 14, 2014). "Why Congress May Let Air Force Retire the A-10". Breaking Defense.
  52. ^ "Hartzler Supports Defense Bill Strengthening America's National Security". December 11, 2019.
  53. ^ "Fort Leonard Wood breaks ground on new hospital".
  54. ^ Lardner, Richard (July 13, 2017). "House rejects attempt to ban transgender surgery for troops". Associated Press. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  55. ^ Lowry, Brian. "Trump blocking transgender troops comes after pressure from Missouri's Vicky Hartzler". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  56. ^ Bacharler, Galen (February 12, 2022). "Josh Hawley endorses Vicky Hartzler for Missouri's open U.S. Senate seat". Springfield News-Leader. Retrieved February 14, 2022 – via Yahoo! News.
  57. ^ Hulse, Carl (March 6, 2021). "After Stimulus Victory in Senate, Reality Sinks in: Bipartisanship Is Dead". New York Times.
  58. ^ Willis, Moiz Syed,Derek (July 7, 2020). "HEARTLAND TRACTOR COMPANY - Tracking PPP". ProPublica. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
  59. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 113". clerk.house.gov. May 20, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  60. ^ Willis, Derek (August 12, 2015). "H.R.6782: To require the Administrator of the Small Business Administration to submit a report on recipients of assistance under the paycheck protection program and the economic injury disaster loan program, and for other purposes". ProPublica. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
  61. ^ Blood, Michael R.; Riccardi, Nicholas (December 5, 2020). "Biden officially secures enough electors to become president". Associated Press. AP News. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  62. ^ Liptak, Adam (December 11, 2020). "Supreme Court Rejects Texas Suit Seeking to Subvert Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  63. ^ "Order in Pending Case" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United States. December 11, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  64. ^ Diaz, Daniella (December 10, 2020). "Brief from 126 Republicans supporting Texas lawsuit in Supreme Court". CNN. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  65. ^ Smith, David (December 12, 2020). "Supreme court rejects Trump-backed Texas lawsuit aiming to overturn election results". The Guardian. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  66. ^ "Pelosi Statement on Supreme Court Rejecting GOP Election Sabotage Lawsuit" (Press release). Speaker Nancy Pelosi. December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  67. ^ Yourish, Karen; Buchanan, Larry; Lu, Denise (January 7, 2021). "The 147 Republicans Who Voted to Overturn Election Results". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  68. ^ "Hartzler officially running for Senate". 13KRCG. Associated Press. June 10, 2021.
  69. ^ Adamson, Natalie (February 13, 2022). "Senate ad slams transgender athletes 'pretending to be women'". Politico. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  70. ^ a b Allison, Natalie (February 16, 2022). "Missouri Senate poll alarms GOP". POLITICO. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  71. ^ Trump says he won’t endorse Vicky Hartzler, calls Eric Greitens 'smart' and 'tough', Yahoo News, Jason Hancock, July 9, 2022. Retrieved July 12, 2022.
  72. ^ "THE RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION OF EACH MEMBER OF CONGRESS" (PDF). pewresearch.org. Pew Research Center. Retrieved November 6, 2021.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 4th congressional district

2011–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by United States representatives by seniority
135th
Succeeded by