Víctor Alba

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Víctor Alba who also went as Pere Pagès i Elies (Barcelona, 1916– Sant Pere de Ribes, March 10th, 2003) was a Spanish anti-Stalinist communist politician, journalist, writer and Spanish university professor.


Alba began to study rights at a young age, beginning his studies at the University of Barcelona. He started his career as a political journalist at a young age. Affiliated with the Bloque Obrero y Campesino (BOC)(Workers and Peasants' Bloc), he later worked for the Workers' Party of Marxist Unification (POUM) when the BOC combined with it. During the Spanish Civil War, he was the director of La Batalla, the organ of expression for the POUM. After the capture of the Basque region by Francoist forces in May 1937 he was arrested and jailed for six years in Valencia. After leaving prison, he went into exile in France, where he worked alongside Albert Camus, and in 1947 moved to Mexico, where he published various works. In Mexico he began a prolific literary production, in Spanish, French, Catalan and English, and became director of the Social Training center. In 1957, he moved north to the United States, working with various international groups and became a professor of the University of Kansas and in the Kent State University in Ohio. Initially identifying as a Marxist, he adopted social-democratic and anti-communist views during his exile.

In 1974 he retired from Kent State University, returning to Spain where he died in 2003.


Alba wrote many works in various languages:

  • Els supervivents. Ed. Catalonia. México, DF, 1950. Novela sobre la Barcelona de posguerra. Reeditada en Barcelona, 1996.
  • Historia del comunismo en América Latina. Ed. Occidentales. México DF, 1953.
  • The Latin Americans. Praeger, Nueva York, 1969
  • Retorn a Catalunya. Portic, Barcelona, 1970.
  • Catalunya sense cap ni peus. Portic, Barcelona, 1971.
  • Homo sapiens catalanibus. Portic, Barcelona, 1974
  • USA, centre de la revolució mundial. Portic, Barcelona, 1974.
  • Catalonia. A Profile. Praeger, Nueva York, 1975
  • El pájaro africano. Planeta, Barcelona, 1975. Novela finalista del Premio Planeta de 1975.
  • El marxisme a Catalunya. 1919–1939. I-Historia del BOC. II-Historia del POUM. III-Andreu Nin. IV-Joaquim Maurín, Pòrtic, Barcelona, 1974–1975.
  • Els problemes del moviment obrer de Catalunya. Portic, Barcelona, 1976.
  • Historia de la resistencia antifranquista, 1939–1955. Planeta, Barcelona, 1978.
  • Todos somos herederos de Franco. Planeta, Barcelona, 1979
  • Sísifo y su tiempo. Laertes. Barcelona, 1996. Memorias.

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