Victor Buller Turner
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|Victor Buller Turner|
17 January 1900|
|Died||7 August 1972
|Buried at||St Mary's Churchyard, Ditchingham (after cremation in Norwich)|
|Years of service||1918 - 1949|
|Unit||The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)|
|Battles/wars||Iraqi revolt against the British
Second World War
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
|Relations||Alexander Buller Turner VC (brother)|
|Other work||Yeoman of the Guard|
Lieutenant Colonel Victor Buller Turner VC, CVO (17 January 1900 – 7 August 1972) was a British Army officer and English recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC) during the Second World War, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. His older brother Alexander had previously been awarded a posthumous VC during the First World War.
Turner was born in Reading, Berkshire, the son of Major Charles Turner of the Royal Berkshire Regiment and his second wife, Jane Elizabeth, only daughter of Admiral Sir Alexander Buller. He was the younger brother of Alexander Buller Turner VC and was also related to General Sir Redvers Buller VC.
Turner was educated at Parkside School, Surrey, Wellington College, and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, before being commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Rifle Brigade in 1918. He served in the campaign in Iraq in 1919–20, was promoted major in 1938 and Lieutenant-Colonel in 1942 while serving in the Middle-East, before the action in which he was awarded the VC.
In 1950 was appointed to the Royal Household, with a post in the ceremonial King's Bodyguard of the Yeomen of the Guard and rose to be "Clerk of the Cheque and Adjutant" of the Guard in 1955. He was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in 1966 in connection with his services to the Royal Household and was promoted to Lieutenant of the Queen's Bodyguard in 1967.
Victoria Cross details
On 27 October 1942, at El Aqqaqir (Kidney feature), Western Desert, Egypt, during the Second Battle of El Alamein, Lieutenant Colonel Turner was commanding a battalion of the Rifle Brigade. After overcoming a German position, the battalion fought off desperate counter-attacks by 90 tanks, destroying or immobilising more than 50 of them. During the action, one of the 6-pounder guns was left with only one officer and a sergeant, so Colonel Turner joined them as loader, and between them they destroyed another five tanks. Not until the last tank had been repulsed did he consent to having a wound in his head attended to.
The citation for his award was published in the London Gazette on 20 November 1942 and reads as follows:
Major (temporary Lieutenant-Colonel) Victor Buller Turner (17630), The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (Thatcham, Berks).
For most conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on the 27th October, 1942, in the Western Desert.
Lieutenant-Colonel Turner led a Battalion of the Rifle Brigade at night for 4,000 yards through difficult country to their objective, where 40 German prisoners were captured. He then organised the captured position for all-round defence; in this position he and his Battalion were continuously attacked from 5.30 a.m. to 7 p.m., unsupported and so isolated that replenishment of ammunition was impossible owing to the concentration and accuracy of the enemy fire.
During this time the Battalion was attacked by not less than 90 German tanks which advanced in successive waves. All of these were repulsed with a loss to the enemy of 35 tanks which were in flames, and not less than 20 more which had been immobilised.
Throughout the action Lieutenant-Colonel Turner never ceased to go to each part of the front as it was threatened. Wherever the fire was heaviest, there he was to be found. In one case, finding a solitary six-pounder gun in action (the others being casualties) and manned only by another officer and a Sergeant, he acted as loader and with these two destroyed 5 enemy tanks. While doing this he was wounded in the head, but he refused all aid until the last tank was destroyed.
His personal gallantry and complete disregard of danger as he moved about encouraging his Battalion to resist to the last, resulted in the infliction of a severe defeat on the enemy tanks. He set an example of leadership and bravery which inspired his whole Battalion and which will remain an inspiration to the Brigade.
His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Royal Green Jackets Museum in Winchester, England.
- Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, 1926. Kelly's. p. 1663.Sketch on Charles Turner.
- Who Was Who, 1971–1980. A and C Black. 1981. p. 810.
- "no. 38851". The London Gazette. 28 February 1950. p. 1035. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "no. 40454". The London Gazette. 15 April 1955. p. 2200. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "(Supplement) no. 43854". The London Gazette. 31 December 1965. p. 5. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "no. 44450". The London Gazette. 14 November 1967. p. 12347. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "(Supplement) no. 35790". The London Gazette. 17 November 1942. p. 5023. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- British VCs of World War 2 (John Laffin, 1997)
- Monuments to Courage: Victoria Cross Monuments and Headstones (David Harvey, 1999)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)