Viktor Vladimirovich Yerofeyev (Russian: Ви́ктор Влади́мирович Ерофе́ев, also transliterated as Erofeyev; born September 19, 1947 in Moscow) is a Russian writer. As son of a high-ranking Soviet diplomat Vladimir Yerofeyev, he spent some of his childhood in Paris, which accounts for why much of his work has been translated from Russian into French, while comparatively little has been translated into English. His father, who was the interpreter for Molotov in the 1940s, wrote a book of memories; his brother is a curator at the Tretyakov Gallery.
Erofeyev graduated from Moscow State University in 1970, where he studied literature and languages. He then did post-graduate work at the Institute for World Literature in Moscow, where he completed his post-graduate work in 1973 and received his kandidat degree in 1975 for his thesis on Fyodor Dostoyevsky and French existentialism. Erofeyev's work often contains pastiches of Dostoyevsky's work and themes.
He became a literary critic, publishing works on Lev Shestov and the Marquis de Sade. He later organised his own literary magazine, Metropol, in which many of the big names of Soviet literature participated, including Vasily Aksyonov, Andrei Bitov, Bella Akhmadulina, and others. The magazine was put into circulation via samizdat, i.e., avoiding Soviet censorship. As a result, Erofeyev was expelled from the Union of Soviet Writers and was banned from being published until 1988, when Mikhail Gorbachev came to power.
Victor Erofeyev currently resides in Moscow and frequently appears on Russian television, where he has his own program on the TV channel «Kultura» ("culture"); he is also a continual guest on a Radio Liberty, Moscow.
- Life with an Idiot («Жизнь с идиотом»; a collection of short stories; 1980)
- Russian Beauty («Русская красавица»; 1990)
- In the Labyrinth of Accursed Questions («В лабиринте проклятых вопросов»; a collection of essays; 1996)
- The Last Judgement («Страшный суд»; 1996)
- Five Rivers of Life («Пять рек жизни»; 1998)
- Encyclopaedia of the Russian Soul («Энциклопедия русской души»; 1999)
- Men («Мужчины»; 1997; in Russian) and God X («Бог X. Рассказы о любви»; 2001)
- The Good Stalin («Хороший Сталин»; 2004)
- "Виктор Ерофеев получил главную французскую награду". Lenta.ru. 4 October 2013.
- Viktor Jerofejew, "Putins Russland hat ein Image-Problem" (Die Welt, 13 February 2007)
Andrew Reynolds, "East is East...? Victor Erofeyev and the Poetics/Politics of Idiocy." Reynolds is the translator of Life with an Idiot, first published by Penguin in English in 2004. ISBN 0-14-023621-X.