Victor Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg

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Victor Frederick
Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
Fuersten 2901.jpg
Portrait of Victor Frederick, c. 1730
Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
Reign 22 April 1721–18 May 1765
Predecessor Charles Frederick
Successor Frederick Albert
Born (1700-09-20)20 September 1700
Bernburg, Anhalt, Holy Roman Empire
Died 18 May 1765(1765-05-18) (aged 64)
Bernburg, Anhalt, Holy Roman Empire
Spouse Luise of Anhalt-Dessau
Albertine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Konstanze Friederike Schmidt
Issue
Detail
Sophie Louise, Countess of Solms-Baruth
Frederick Albert, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
Charlotte Wilhelmine, Princess of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Marie Karoline
Fredericka Auguste Sophie, Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst
Christine Elisabeth Albertine, Princess of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Louise Fredericka Wilhelmine, Countess of Solms-Tecklenburg
Full name
Victor Frederick
German: Viktor Friedrich
House Ascania
Father Charles Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
Mother Sophie Albertine of Solms-Sonnenwalde

Victor Frederick of Anhalt-Bernburg (20 September 1700–18 May 1765), was a German prince of the House of Ascania. He was Reigning prince of the principality of Anhalt-Bernburg from 1721 to 1765.

Life[edit]

Victor Frederick was born on 20 September 1700 in Bernburg as the second (but eldest and only surviving) son of Karl Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg, by his first wife Sophie Albertine, daughter of George Frederick, Count of Solms-Sonnenwalde.

After the death of his father in 1721, Victor Frederick succeeded him in Anhalt-Bernburg. As a Rittmeister and Capitan of the Prussian army, he was made a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle in 1722.

Victor Frederick showed a special interest for mining and metallurgy and often visited the mines in the Harz.

He died on 18 May 1765 in Bernburg.

Marriages and Issue[edit]

Louise of Anhalt-Dessau, first wife of Victor Frederick.

In Dessau on 25 November 1724 Victor Frederick married Louise (b. Dessau, 21 August 1709 - d. Bernburg, 29 July 1732), daughter of Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau. They had one daughter:

  1. Sophie Louise (b. Bernburg, 29 June 1732 - d. Schloss Baruth, 6 October 1786), married on 20 May 1753 to Frederick, Count of Solms-Baruth.
His second wife, Albertine of Brandenburg-Schwedt.

In Potsdam on 22 May 1733 Victor Frederick married for a second time to Sophie Albertine Fredericka (b. Berlin, 21 April 1712 - d. Bernburg, 7 September 1750), daughter of Margrave Albert Frederick of Brandenburg-Schwedt. They had five children:

  1. Frederick Albert, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg (b. Bernburg, 15 August 1735 - d. Ballenstedt, 9 April 1796).
  2. Charlotte Wilhelmine (b. Bernburg, 25 August 1737 - d. Sondershausen, 26 April 1777), married on 4 February 1760 to Christian Gunther III, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.
  3. Marie Karoline (b. Bernburg, 9 June 1739 - d. Bernburg, 11 June 1739).
  4. Fredericka Auguste Sophie (b. Ballenstedt, 28 August 1744 - d. Coswig, 12 April 1827), married on 27 May 1764 to Frederick Augustus, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst.
  5. Christine Elisabeth Albertine (b. Bernburg, 14 November 1746 - d. Coswig, 18 May 1823), married on 27 April 1762 to Augustus II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.

In Bernburg on 13 November 1750 Victor Frederick married morganatically for a third time to Konstanze Fredericka Schmidt, a commoner. She was ennobled and obtain the title of Baroness of Bähr (German: Frau von Bähr) in 1752, shortly before the birth of their only daughter:

  1. Louise Fredericka Wilhelmine of Bähr (b. 4 May 1752 - d. 6 July 1820), married on 12 November 1768 to Otto Henry Louis, Count of Solms-Tecklenburg.
Royal monogram.
Preceded by
Karl Frederick
Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
1721–1765
Succeeded by
Frederick Albert