Victor I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym

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Victor I
Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Victor I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Born (1693-09-07)7 September 1693
Died 15 April 1772(1772-04-15) (aged 78)
Spouse Charlotte Louise of Isenburg-Büdingen-Birstein
Hedwig Sophie Henckel of Donnersmarck
Issue Victoria Charlotte, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Louise Amalie
Christian, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Karl Louis, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Franz Adolph
Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Sophie Charlotte Ernestine, Princess of Isenburg-Birstein
Victor Amadeus
Hedwig Auguste
George Augustus
Full name
German: Viktor Amadeus Adolf
House House of Ascania
Father Lebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym
Mother Charlotte of Nassau-Dillenburg

Victor I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (Schaumburg, 7 September 1693 – Schaumburg, 15 April 1772), was a German prince of the House of Ascania who belonged to a cadet branch of the princely house of Anhalt-Bernburg.

Through his mother, he inherited the County of Holzappel and Lordship of Schaumburg and founded the cadet branch of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym.


Victor was born at Schaumburg Castle on 7 September 1693 as the eldest son of Lebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym by his first wife Charlotte of Nassau-Schaumburg, heiress of the County of Holzappel and Lordship of Schaumburg as a daughter of Elisabeth Charlotte, Countess of Holzappel in her marriage with Prince Adolph of Nassau-Dillenburg.

The death of his mother in 1700 made Victor Amadeus Adolph the heir apparent of Holzappel and Schaumburg under the terms of a contract made between his paternal grandfather and namesake Prince Victor Amadeus of Anhalt-Bernburg and his maternal grandmother Countess Elisabeth Charlotte. When the Countess died in 1707, Victor Amadeus Adolph succeeded her as Count of Holzappel and Schaumburg.

When his father died in 1727, Victor Amadeus Adolph succeeded him as "Prince of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym," but shortly after changed the name of his principality to "Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym."

Marriages and Issue[edit]

First marriage[edit]

In Birstein on 22 November 1714 Victor Amadeus Adolph married firstly with Charlotte Louise (b. Büdingen, 31 July 1680 - d. Schaumburg, 2 January 1739), daughter of William Maurice, Count of Isenburg-Büdingen-Birstein. She was fourteen years older than he was; nevertheless, the union produced six children:

  1. Victoria Charlotte (b. Schaumburg, 25 September 1715 - d. Schaumburg, 4 February 1792), married on 26 April 1732 to Frederick Christian, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. They divorced in 1764.
  2. Louise Amalie (b. Schaumburg, 10 October 1717 - d. Lich, 1 September 1721).
  3. Lebrecht (b. Schaumburg, 26 August 1718 - d. Schaumburg, 5 October 1721).
  4. Christian, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (b. Schaumburg, 30 June 1720 - d. Schaumburg, 13 April 1758).
  5. Karl Louis, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (b. Schaumburg, 16 May 1723 - d. Schaumburg, 20 August 1806).
  6. Franz Adolph (b. Schaumburg, 7 July 1724 - d. Halle an der Saale, 22 April 1784).

Second marriage[edit]

In Pölzig on 14 February 1740 Victor Amadeus Adolph married for a second time to Hedwig Sophie (b. Oderberg, 7 May 1717 - d. Diez, 21 February 1795), daughter of Count Wenzel Louis Henckel of Donnersmarck. The Henckels of Donnersmarck were an old family in Silesia only raised in 1651 to the rank of counts;[1] in consequence, this marriage was legally morganatic. The union was nonetheless considered equal by the rest of the House of Anhalt.[2] They had six children:

  1. Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (b. Schaumburg, 29 November 1741 - d. Homburg vor der Höhe, 24 December 1812).
  2. Sophie Charlotte Ernestine (b. Schaumburg, 3 April 1743 - d. Birstein, 5 October 1781), married on 20 September 1760 to Wolfgang Ernest II, Prince of Isenburg-Birstein.
  3. Victor Amadeus (b. Schaumburg, 21 May 1744 - killed in action in Pardakoski, 2 May 1790).
  4. Karl (b. and d. Schaumburg, 4 August 1745).
  5. Hedwig Auguste (b. Schaumburg, 6 May 1747 - d. Schaumburg, 5 March 1760).
  6. George Augustus (b. Schaumburg, 6 November 1751 - d. Schaumburg, 29 October 1754).



  • Ferdinand Siebigk: Das Herzogthum Anhalt, p. 242, Dessau 1867
  • Victor Amadeus Adolph. In Johann Heinrich Zedler: Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon Aller Wissenschafften und Künste. Band 48, Leipzig 1746, Spalte 971 f.
  • Allgemeines genealogisches und Staats-Handbuch, p. 241ff. Digitalisat
Victor I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Born: 7 September 1693 Died: 15 April 1772
Preceded by
Elisabeth Charlotte
Count of Holzappel
Succeeded by
Charles Louis
Preceded by
Prince of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym
Succeeded by
Principality change of name
Preceded by
New creation
Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Succeeded by
Charles Louis