Victor Marijnen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Victor Marijnen
Victor Marijnen 1963 (1).jpg
Victor Marijnen in 1963
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
24 July 1963 – 14 April 1965
MonarchJuliana
DeputyBarend Biesheuvel
Preceded byJan de Quay
Succeeded byJo Cals
Mayor of The Hague
In office
16 October 1968 – 5 April 1975
Preceded byHans Kolfschoten
Succeeded byGerard Wallis de Vries
(Ad interim)
Chairman of the
Rijnmond Council
In office
20 May 1965 – 16 October 1968
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byWillem Fibbe
Member of the House
of Representatives
In office
27 April 1965 – 14 January 1966
In office
2 July 1963 – 24 July 1963
Parliamentary groupCatholic People's Party
Minister of Social Affairs
and Health
In office
3 July 1961 – 17 July 1961
Ad interim
Prime MinisterJan de Quay
Preceded byCharles van Rooy
Succeeded byGerard Veldkamp
Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries
In office
19 May 1959 – 24 July 1963
Prime MinisterJan de Quay
Preceded byKees Staf
as Minister of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food Supplies
Succeeded byBarend Biesheuvel
Member of the Social
and Economic Council
In office
1 November 1957 – 19 May 1959
ChairmanFrans de Vries
(1957–1958)
Gerard Verrijn Stuart
(1958–1959)
Personal details
Born
Victor Gerard Marie Marijnen

(1917-02-21)21 February 1917
Arnhem, Netherlands
Died5 April 1975(1975-04-05) (aged 58)
The Hague, Netherlands
Cause of deathHeart attack
NationalityDutch
Political partyCatholic People's Party
(from 1945)
Other political
affiliations
Roman Catholic
State Party
(until 1945)
Spouse(s)
Mini Schreurs
(m. 1944)
Children4 sons and 2 daughters
Alma materRadboud University Nijmegen
(LL.B., LL.M.)
Rotterdam School of Economics
(BEc)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Jurist · Economist · Trade association executive · Nonprofit director

Victor Gerard Marie "Vic" Marijnen (21 February 1917 – 5 April 1975) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) now the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and jurist who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 24 July 1963 until 14 April 1965.[1]

Marijnen studied Law at the Radboud University Nijmegen obtaining a Master of Laws degree followed by a postgraduate education in Agricultural economics at the Rotterdam School of Economics where he obtained a Bachelor of Economics degree. Marijnen worked as a civil servant for the Ministries of Economic Affairs and Agriculture and Fisheries from August 1941 until November 1957 and as a trade association executive for the Christian Farmers and Gardeners association (CBTB) February 1949 until April 1951 and for the Catholic Employers association (AKWV) from November 1957 until May 1959. After the election of 1959 Marijnen was appointed as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries in the Cabinet De Quay taking office on 19 May 1959. After the election of 1963 Marijnen was asked to lead a new cabinet and following a successful cabinet formation formed the Cabinet Marijnen and became Prime Minister of the Netherlands taking office on 24 July 1963.

The cabinet fell just 19 months into its term and he wasn't offered a post in the new cabinet. Marijnen left office following the installation of the Cabinet Cals on 14 April 1965 but returned as a Member of the House of Representatives serving from 27 April 1965 until his resignation on 14 January 1966 as a backbencher. Marijnen also became active in the public sector as a non-profit director and served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government. Marijnen continued to be active in politics and in September 1968 was nominated as the next Mayor of The Hague taking office on 16 October 1968. On 5 April 1975 Marijnen died after suffering a fatal heart attack at his home at the age of just 58.

Marijnen was known for his abilities as a skillful manager and effective consensus builder. During his premiership, his cabinet were responsible for several major reforms to health insurance, the public broadcasting system and dealing with the fallout of the marriage between Princess Irene and carlist Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma. He holds the distinction as the last Prime Minister to have served as Mayor and his premiership is consistently regarded both by scholars and the public to have been below average.[2][3][4]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Prime Minister Victor Marijnen and Vice President of the United States Lyndon B. Johnson at Ypenburg Airport on 5 November 1963.
Chancellor of West-Germany Ludwig Erhard and Prime Minister Victor Marijnen at the Catshuis on 2 March 1964.

Victor Gerard Marie Marijnen was born in Arnhem on 21 February 1917. In 1941 he graduated in law from the Radboud University Nijmegen and went on to work in the accountancy divisions of the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality. In 1945 he was seconded to the Council for the Restitution of Legal Rights.

In 1949 Marijnen became secretary of the Agricultural Society and in 1951 Secretary-General of the Foreign Agricultural Trade Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality. From 1957 he was secretary of the General Catholic Employers Association and the Catholic Federation of Employers Associations.

Accusations regarding priests[edit]

In 1956 Marijnen was chairman of a children's home in Gelderland where children, including Henk Heithuis, were sexually abused by priests. According to the Telegraph newspaper, reporting in March 2012, he "intervened to have prison sentences dropped against several priests convicted of abusing children."[5] The Dutch Catholic Church organised the castration of Heithuis while he lived at the Gelderland children's home in 1956 after he reported being sexually abused to the police.[5]

Politics[edit]

In the De Quay cabinet, Marijnen was Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries. He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 24 July 1963 until 14 April 1965.

The natural gas reserves, recently found in Slochteren were a considerable boost for the economy. This, combined with labour shortage led to a rise in wages and the attraction of foreign workers. Despite this being the second cabinet without socialist Labour Party, the building up of a welfare state, that was started after World War II, continued with the introduction of minimum wages in 1964 and the national health service. In 1965, measures were taken against commercial television stations transmitting from the North Sea. The cabinet finally fell over the issue if commercial TV should be allowed in the Netherlands.

From 1965 to 1966 Marijnen was a member of the House of Representatives and concurrently chairman of the Board of the Rijnmond Authority. In 1967 he was also appointed chairman of the Post and Telecommunications Council. On 16 October 1968 he was selected Mayor of The Hague.

Marijnen died on 5 April 1975 in The Hague, while serving as Mayor from a heart attack at the age of 58.

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 20 April 1965

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Marijnen, Victor Gerard Marie (1917-1975)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Willem Drees gekozen tot ‘Dé premier na WO II’, Geschiedenis24.nl, 15 January 2006
  3. ^ (in Dutch) NRC-enquête: Drees en Lubbers beste premiers sinds 1900, NRC Handelsblad, 28 September 2013
  4. ^ (in Dutch) I&O Research, I&O Research, 13 March 2020
  5. ^ a b "Dutch Roman Catholic Church 'castrated at least 10 boys'". Telegraph. Retrieved March 19, 2012.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kees Staf
Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries

1959–1963
Succeeded by
Barend Biesheuvel
Preceded by
Charles van Rooy
Minister of Social Affairs
and Health
Ad interim

1961
Succeeded by
Gerard Veldkamp
Preceded by
Jan de Quay
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1963–1965
Succeeded by
Jo Cals
Minister of General Affairs
1963–1965
Preceded by
Hans Kolfschoten
Mayor of The Hague
1968–1975
Succeeded by
Gerard Wallis de Vries
Ad interim
Civic offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Deputy Director-General of the
Department for Agricultural Trade
of the Ministry of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food Supplies

1951–1953
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Director-General of the
Department for Agricultural Trade
of the Ministry of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food Supplies

1953–1957
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Advisory Council for
Spatial Planning

1965–1968
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Office established
Chairman of the
Rijnmond Council

1965–1968
Succeeded by
Willem Fibbe
Business positions
Preceded by
Unknown
General-Secretary of the
Catholic Employers association

1957–1959
Succeeded by
Unknown
Academic offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Education board of the
Radboud University Nijmegen

1965–1972
Succeeded by
Unknown