Victor Milner, A.S.C.
|Died||October 29, 1972 (aged 78)|
|Board member of||A.S.C. (President 1937 to 1939)|
Victor Milner, A.S.C. (December 15, 1893 – October 29, 1972) (sometimes Victor Miller) was an American cinematographer. He was nominated for ten cinematography Academy Awards, winning once for 1934 Cleopatra. Milner worked on more than 130 films, including dramas (Broken Lullaby), comedies (Unfaithfully Yours), film noir (Dark City), and Westerns (The Furies). He worked for large production companies like Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Universal, and Paramount during his film career.
Victor Milner was born on December 15, 1893 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. When he was 12, his family moved to New York City. As a teenager, he was sometimes put in charge of operating the projector at movies when the movie projector's girlfriend came to visit. Milner later got his projectioner's license and worked as a projectionist. In 1912, he taught Calvin Coolidge how to use a camera.
Milner was hired by Eberhard Schneider, a film equipment manufacturer. He worked as a projectionist and also ran supply runs for Schneider. During this time, Milner shot Hiawatha: The Indian Passion Play in 1913 as his first film. In 1914, he managed to photograph a mine strike in Trinidad, Colorado.
Milner was later sent to Galveston, Texas to embark on a destroyer; however his orders never arrived by mail. Instead, Milner was hired as a private photographer and was able to travel extensively, even spending nine months in the Belgian Congo taking pictures of the wildlife and people. Milner was later hired by Pathe Freres News Reel, and his first responsibility there was to film marathon races at Union Heights. As part of his job, Milner went on a world tour with the New York Giants and the Chicago White Sox.
Milner was able to go on Woodrow Wilson's first campaign tour where he became acquainted with Teddy Roosevelt. It was reported that on one occasion, Milner stepped in front of Roosevelt to take a photograph. Roosevelt was angered at first, but then simply requested a copy of the picture.
When Milner returned to the United States, he was married to Margaret Schneider, the daughter of Eberhard Schneider, on November 1, 1916. In 1916 while on his honeymoon, he was hired by the Balboa Amusement Producing Company in Long Beach, California as a cameraman. He worked for Balboa for a year before he went to work for Thomas H. Ince in the William S. Hart unit. Throughout his career, he worked as a second cameraman for 17 films for William S. Hart. He also later worked with the Constance Talmage Company, and at large production companies like Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Universal, and he went to Paramount in 1925.
Later Milner became known for the epic look he lent to Cecil B. DeMille film productions. He worked with DeMille for ten years, and helped him direct movies in Technicolor. Milner also worked with other icons in the film industry including Victor Fleming, Raoul Walsh, Preston Sturges, and Ernst Lubitsch.
Milner was captured for three days by Russians with his son, Victor Milner Jr. in 1949. The two were on a trip in Berlin after Milner worked on a film project in Italy, when they were arrested by Soviet officials. They had apparently gotten lost and asked a Russian soldier for directions. They were well-treated, however. Milner retired in 1953 after he completed the film Jeopardy. He died in 1972, having worked on over 130 films throughout his career.
Awards and accomplishments
Milner was nominated for nine Academy Awards during his career, winning one for cinematography in 1934 for the film Cleopatra. Milner received several nominations for in the category of cinematography in the Academy Awards, including The Crusades in 1935, The General Died at Dawn in 1936, and The Buccanner in the 1938 awards. Milner was also an honorary member of the American Institute of Cinematography. Milner was a founding member of the American Society of Cinematographers and became its president from 1937 to 1939. Milner was featured on the cover of the Who's Who in 1934, and appeared on the cover of American Cinematographer: The Motion Picture Camera Magazine in April 1935.
- Haunting Shadows (1919)
- Dice of Destiny (1920)
- Felix O'Day (1920)
- When We Were 21 (1921)
- Cave Girl (1921)
- Her Night of Romance (1924)
- The Red Lily (1924)
- Thy Name Is Woman (1924)
- East of Suez (1925)
- Learning to Love (1925)
- The Wanderer (1925)
- The Cat's Pajamas (1926)
- The Wanderer (1926)
- Children of Divorce (1927)
- The Way of All Flesh (1927)
- Loves of an Actress (1928)
- The Woman from Moscow (1928)
- Sins of the Fathers (1928)
- The Love Parade (1929)
- The Marriage Playground (1929)
- Let's Go Native (1930)
- Monte Carlo (1930)
- Paramount on Parade (1930)
- The Texan (1930)
- No Limit (1931)
- I Take This Woman (1931)
- Trouble in Paradise (1932)
- The Man I Killed (1932)
- Broken Lullaby (1932)
- One Hour with You (1932)
- The Song of Songs (1933)
- Design for Living (1933)
- Luxury Liner (1933)
- Cleopatra (1934)
- The Crusades (1935)
- The Gilded Lily (1935)
- So Red the Rose (1935)
- The General Died at Dawn (1936)
- The Plainsman (1936)
- Desire (1936)
- Artists and Models (1937)
- The Buccaneer (1938)
- College Swing (1938)
- Touchdown, Army (1938)
- Union Pacific (1939)
- The Great Victor Herbert (1939)
- Northwest Mounted Police (1940)
- Christmas in July (1940)
- The Lady Eve (1941)
- The Monster and the Girl (1941)
- My Life with Caroline (1941)
- Reap the Wild Wind (1942)
- The Palm Beach Story (1942)
- The Story of Dr. Wassell (1944)
- The Great Moment (1944)
- The Princess and the Pirate (1944)
- The Strange Love of Martha Ivers (1946)
- The Other Love (1947)
- Unfaithfully Yours (1948)
- The Furies (1950)
- Dark City (1950)
- Carrie (1952)
- Jeopardy (1952)
- "Victor Milner". The Founding Fathers. American Cinematographer. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Film Man Gets His Picture". Citizen News. 26 Oct 1932.
- "Rubbing Elbows" [Print]. Victor Milner papers, Box: 2. Provo, Utah: L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University.
- "Daughter of Eberhard Schneider Marries". The Moving Picture World. 2 Dec 1916.
- "Cecil B. DeMille". Cinematographers. Cecil B. De Mille Foundation. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "Victor Milner". People. The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Russ Free 2 Americans". Long Beach Independent. 14 Sep 1949. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "Russians Free Two Americans". The Monroe News-Star. 14 Sep 1949. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "Victor Milner credits". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved June 25, 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Victor Milner awards". oscars.org. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 25, 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "THE 1930'S". Paramount Pictures. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "Past Presidents". The American Society of Cinematographers. ASC. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- "Who's Who cover" (1934) [Print]. Victor Milner papers, Box: 2. Provo, Utah: L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University.
- "American Cinematographer: The Motion Picture Camera Magazine cover" (April 1935) [Print]. Victor Milner papers, Box: 2. Provo, Utah: L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University.
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