|63rd Prime Minister of Romania|
10 August 2015 – 5 November 2015
|Preceded by||Gabriel Oprea (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Sorin Cîmpeanu (Acting)|
9 July 2015 – 29 July 2015
|Preceded by||Gabriel Oprea (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Gabriel Oprea (Acting)|
7 May 2012 – 22 June 2015
Crin Antonescu (Acting)
|Preceded by||Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu|
|Succeeded by||Gabriel Oprea (Acting)|
|President of the Social Democratic Party|
21 February 2010 – 12 July 2015×
|Preceded by||Mircea Geoană|
|Succeeded by||Rovana Plumb (Acting)|
|President of the Pro Romania Party|
|Assumed office |
3 September 2017
|Minister of Parliamentary Relations|
22 December 2008 – 1 October 2009
|Prime Minister||Emil Boc|
|Preceded by||Mihai Voicu|
|Succeeded by||Sorina-Luminiţa Plăcintă (Acting)|
20 September 1972
|Political party||Pro Romania Party (2017–present)|
|Social Democratic Party (to 2017)|
Social Liberal Union (2011–2014)
|Spouse(s)||Roxana Ponta (Before 2006)|
Daciana Sârbu (2006–present)
|Alma mater||University of Bucharest|
National Defence University
|×Ponta was on leave between 24 June and 9 July 2015, during which time Rovana Plumb served as acting leader.|
Victor Viorel Ponta (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈviktor ˈponta]; born 20 September 1972) is a Romanian jurist and politician, who served as Prime Minister of Romania between his appointment by President Traian Băsescu in May 2012 and his resignation in November 2015. A former member of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and its leader from 2010 to 2015, he was also joint leader (2012–2014) of the then-governing Social Liberal Union (USL), an alliance with the National Liberal Party (PNL). Ponta has been a member of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies for Gorj County since 2004. In the Emil Boc cabinet, he was Minister-Delegate for Relations with Parliament from 2008 to 2009.
Ponta began his time as head of government with a victory for his alliance in local elections, as well as criticism from civil society after several prominent Băsescu-associated figures in government-funded culture and history institutes were removed or resigned from their posts. Eventually, a political crisis broke out with the replacement of the heads of each legislative chamber and an attempt to dismiss Băsescu – an effort that ultimately failed when the subsequent impeachment referendum was invalidated by the Constitutional Court due to low turnout. Meanwhile, Ponta was the subject of controversy due to allegations of plagiarism in his doctoral thesis. Seven months after gaining office, Ponta helped lead the USL to a decisive victory in parliamentary elections, prompting his appointment to a full four-year term as premier. A little over a year later, the USL fell apart and Ponta formed a new cabinet with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) as coalition partners.
A finalist in the November 2014 presidential election, Ponta lost to PNL candidate Klaus Iohannis. The following month, the UDMR quit government, prompting Ponta to form a fourth cabinet, with the Conservative Party (PC) and the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) as junior partners. The cabinet was in office for slightly less than a year, resigning in the wake of the Colectiv nightclub fire.
- 1 Life and career
- 1.1 Beginnings, election to parliament and ministerial post
- 1.2 Social Democratic leadership
- 1.3 As Prime Minister
- 1.4 Comeback effort
- 2 Personal life
- 3 Publications
- 4 Notes
- 5 External links
Life and career
Beginnings, election to parliament and ministerial post
According to Ponta, his family, originally called Ponte, originated in Trieste, and reached Transylvania around the turn of the 20th century, in order to help build a road from Pecica to Nădlac commissioned by the Austro-Hungarian authorities. Meanwhile, he has also claimed ancestry in the Albanian village of Moscopole, and this has been described as Aromanian descent on the maternal side. Victor Ponta was born in Bucharest, completing secondary studies in 1991 at the city's Ion Neculce High School. In 1995, he graduated from the University of Bucharest's Law faculty. He received a degree from the Carol I National Defence University in 2002, and in 2003 received a doctorate in Criminal Law from the University of Bucharest and a master's degree in Political Management from the Social Democratic Institute. He has written several books in his field, including one on the International Criminal Court, the subject of his doctoral thesis. Between 1996 and 1998, and since 2002, he has taught Criminal Law at the Romanian-American University. From 1995 to 1998, Ponta worked as a prosecutor handling cases at the Sector 1 courthouse. From 1998 to 2001, he was a prosecutor at the Supreme Court of Justice in the anti-corruption division, in particular dealing with economic and financial crimes. From 2000 to 2001, he coordinated the Bureau for Combating Money Laundering.
In April 2002, Cristian Panait, a prosecutor involved in cases connected to then-Prime Minister Adrian Năstase, fell from the third-floor window of his home. He died the following day, and the incident was ruled a suicide a day later. The following January, his aunt filed suit to contest the fact that no charges were filed, claiming his superiors pushed him toward suicide. The complained also mentioned Panait's fellow prosecutor Ponta, claiming the former had told her, "that dog Victor Ponta did me in". She also said the two had been friends until Panait accused Ponta of influence peddling due to what he saw as the latter's involvement with underworld figures. In reply, Ponta mentioned he had called for the investigation into Panait's death to be reopened, stating the two had not met for some six months before that event, and that there had been no breach in their friendship. Prior to the 2012 legislative election, opposition campaigner Adriean Videanu charged that Ponta's "blackmail" and "threats" had pushed Panait to kill himself.
From 2001 to 2004, Ponta held the rank of Secretary of State as head of the government's Control Department. In 2006, a civil servant at the Ministry of Education (who was in an ongoing feud with Ponta) charged that Ponta, while holding this office, covered up corrupt activities undertaken by former minister Hildegard Puwak, who was cleared of wrongdoing in a report issued by Ponta. Additionally, he helped uncover cases of fraudulent use of Phare funds. In 2001 he also joined the supervisory council of the Authority for State Assets Recovery, and that year he was part of a special committee investigating penal infractions committed by members of the government. In March 2004, he became Minister-Delegate for Control of International Grant Programmes Implementation and for Monitoring the Application of the Acquis Communautaire. A PSD member by 2002, he was from July to November of that year head of the Interim National Council of the Social Democratic Youth (TSD). That October, he became a member of the PSD's national council, and joined its executive bureau the following month, when he also became president of the TSD, remaining as such for four years. In 2005, he became a vice president of Ecosy, while he has been a vice president of the PSD since December 2006. At the 2004 election, Ponta won a seat in the Chamber of Deputies, where he served as both secretary and vice president of its permanent bureau; he was re-elected in 2008. That December, he became a minister in the incoming Boc cabinet.
Upon winning confirmation, Ponta pledged to reduce the number of emergency ordinances issued by the government and to assist Parliament in exercising control over the cabinet. Among his activities was to help steer a new civil and penal code through Parliament. Among the more controversial provisions in these codes that Ponta defended (both as minister and as head of the parliamentary committee drafting the legislation) were one presuming that any defensive act done at night at home would be considered legitimate self-defence; and one banning therapeutic abortions after the 24th week of pregnancy, which received sharp criticism from several NGOs. Ponta, nicknamed "Little Titulescu" by Năstase, has been known to criticise both members of his own party, commenting that then-mayor of Sector 5 Marian Vanghelie (known for his gaffes) "is such a philosopher that not even I can understand him"; and of the PD-L, remarking, after the two parties had entered a governing coalition, that his Gorj County parliamentary colleagues are "parrots, liars and dimwits". Together with his PSD colleagues, Ponta resigned from the cabinet on 1 October 2009, in protest at the dismissal of vice prime minister and Interior Minister Dan Nica.
Social Democratic leadership
In February 2010, he was elected PSD president at a party congress, defeating incumbent Mircea Geoană, who had narrowly lost a bid to become President of Romania several months earlier. The feud between Geoană and Ponta continued beyond the latter's election as party leader; for instance, six months later, Ponta alleged that "moguls" such as Sorin Ovidiu Vântu had total control over PSD decision-making during Geoană's tenure, a charge the latter denied and attributed to a hidden desire of Ponta's to see him ejected from the post of Senate President. In November 2011, Ponta led a successful effort to remove Geoană both from the PSD and from the Senate leadership.
In February 2011, he and Crin Antonescu, head of the National Liberal Party (PNL), formed the Social Liberal Union (USL), a political alliance in opposition to the governing Democratic Liberal Party (PD-L). In August 2012, he was elected a vice president of the Socialist International. Ponta resigned the party leadership in July 2015, amidst an ongoing corruption investigation.
As Prime Minister
Appointment and early moves
In April 2012, after the government of Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu fell due to the passage of a motion of no confidence, President Traian Băsescu designated Ponta as Prime Minister. His cabinet, including ministers from the PSD, the PNL, independents and one from the Conservative Party (PC), received parliamentary approval the following month, and Ponta thus became prime minister. Upon taking office in the midst of a continent-wide recession, he vowed to promote economic growth and job creation solely from within the private sector, but also to increase public-sector salaries. In June, the USL came in first overall at the local election; Ponta singled out the alliance's victory in Bucharest as a "historic moment".
In the opening weeks of his mandate, Ponta became involved in several controversies. His government transferred oversight of the Romanian Cultural Institute from the Presidency to the Parliament, claiming this would increase transparency. However, the move drew criticism from its head, Horia-Roman Patapievici, as well as from other artists and cultural figures who feared the institute would become politicized. His steps to change the leadership of Romanian Television provoked dissension from many of the broadcaster's employees, who charged the government with "destroying" public television. He pushed through a new electoral law establishing a first-past-the-post voting system, but this was rejected by the Constitutional Court. A dispute with Băsescu arose over who would represent Romania at the European Council, with the court ruling in the latter's favor, although Ponta attended the subsequent council nevertheless.
A month into his term as premier, an article published in Nature reported that an anonymous source had charged Ponta with plagiarizing over half his doctoral thesis, claims that were later reiterated by the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Ponta admitted that the referencing system used by his thesis did not provide clear attribution of its sources, but rejected the allegations of plagiarism. Dumitru Diaconu, a law professor and author supposedly plagiarised by Ponta's thesis, and who also authored a foreword for the published edition of the thesis, declared he was not aware of plagiarism and did not intend to pursue the accusations. A session of a committee charged with validating academic titles analyzed the thesis and decided with a unanimous vote of members present that Ponta had committed copy and paste plagiarism, subsequently requesting the withdrawal of Ponta's doctoral title. In response, interim Education Minister Liviu Pop (PSD) contested the committee's jurisdiction and dismissed the findings, citing the lack of a quorum. The minister had already signed an order reorganizing the committee the previous day, but, due to technical reasons, the order came into effect during the very session analyzing the thesis.
Another committee, subordinated to the Education Ministry, later found that Ponta did not commit plagiarism. A third committee, convoked by the University of Bucharest and consisting of ten members, each from a different department, unanimously found that Ponta had indeed deliberately plagiarized at least a third of his thesis. Ponta replied that the committee was an "ad-hoc" one designed especially for him, and that the decision was a "political" one. In August 2012, three individuals filed suit against Ponta, asking prosecutors to open a legal case against him for intellectual fraud. The latter opted against proceeding, the former appealed, and in March 2014, the High Court of Cassation and Justice rejected their appeal. In December 2014, citing the controversy surrounding his thesis, asked that the University of Bucharest withdraw his doctoral title. The university responded that it would comply with his request. Later that month, his government adopted an ordinance allowing individuals to renounce academic diplomas and titles; the move was criticized by the student federation ANOSR. In summer 2016, a revamped committee decided, with 34 votes in favor and one abstention, that Ponta did indeed plagiarize his thesis, prompting Education Minister Mircea Dumitru to sign an order withdrawing his title of doctor.
Until the controversy began and his official curriculum vitae was modified, he claimed in the document to have received a master's degree in International Criminal Law from the University of Catania in 2000. That institution's rector replied to an enquiry by stating an internal verification had revealed Ponta was never at the University of Catania. In turn, Ponta stated that he took a course there and received a diploma.
Political crisis and parliamentary election
Beginning in July 2012, Ponta found himself at the heart of a political crisis. This culminated in Băsescu's suspension from office by Parliament, an action strongly promoted by Ponta, and which triggered an unsuccessful referendum on impeaching Băsescu.
Following the USL victory at the December 2012 parliamentary election, including Ponta winning 61% of the vote in his own seat, where he was challenged by Dan Diaconescu, Băsescu named Ponta to another term as premier. Subsequently, the two signed a cooperation accord, while tensions with the PNL deepened. These grew especially apparent in April 2013, when Ponta, as interim Justice Minister, named Laura Codruța Kövesi to head the National Anticorruption Directorate (DNA) in spite of objections from the PNL, who viewed her as a Băsescu ally. In February 2014, the PNL left the government, marking the end of the USL, the precipitating motive being Ponta's refusal to name Klaus Iohannis as deputy prime minister. Ponta, by now head of a Social Democratic Union (USD) involving his party, the National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR) and the PC, went on to form a new government with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR). During Ponta's first two years in office, his cabinets significantly raised the salaries of public-sector employees, which Băsescu and his allies had cut by 25% in 2010. At the same time, he raised or introduced a number of taxes and fees, one of the most widely-felt being an increase in the fuel tax. He confronted two environmentally sensitive issues: the Roșia Montană Project, which he initially opposed but later became more open to the idea; and shale gas extraction through fracking, which he first backed but then shifted to preferring exploitation of natural gas from the Black Sea.
Presidential candidacy, aftermath and resignation
In late July 2014, Ponta launched his candidacy for the upcoming presidential race, at the same time beginning to attack his chief rival, Iohannis. He placed first in the election's first round, with 40.4% of the vote, and faced Iohannis in the runoff. In the second round, he was defeated by Iohannis on a 54.5%-45.5% margin. Reportedly, an important factor in his defeat was the poor organization of the election's first round among the Romanian diaspora. This voting bloc and its domestic sympathizers were galvanized to turn out against Ponta in the second round. The following month, the UDMR quit the government, and Ponta subsequently formed his fourth cabinet, in which he also included two ministers apiece from the PC and the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR).
In June 2015, the DNA opened a criminal investigation against Ponta, alleging forgery, complicity in tax evasion and money laundering allegedly committed while he was a lawyer; and a conflict of interest for naming former business associate Dan Șova to several positions while prime minister. Iohannis called on Ponta to resign, which the latter refused to do. Subsequently, and in accord with his expressed wishes, the Chamber rejected the prosecutorial request to lift his immunity; most of those siding with him came from the PSD, as well as its allies (UNPR, PC and PLR), and the ethnic minorities parties. Later that month, Ponta left for Turkey to undergo knee surgery; during his recovery, Gabriel Oprea took over as interim prime minister, serving until Ponta's return in early July. Days later, he resigned as PSD president, citing a desire to safeguard the party's image while he faces criminal charges; Rovana Plumb took over on an interim basis. The DNA then formally indicted Ponta, initiating procedures to freeze a part of his assets. From the end of July until early August, Ponta took another leave of absence for rest purposes, with Oprea again stepping in on a temporary basis. The case was sent to trial in September; Ponta was charged along with four other defendants, including Șova.
In late October 2015, a deadly nightclub fire sparked ample street protests. Within several days, these had swelled to over 25,000 participants in Bucharest alone. Among the demands voiced was the resignation of Ponta, tied within the protesters' ranks to corruption and official indifference. Bowing to pressure, he resigned, citing the "legitimate anger" of the public the "desire to place responsibility at higher levels" than the nightclub owners, and the hope that the expectations of the demonstrators had been met. A technocratic cabinet headed by Dacian Cioloș took office two weeks later; Ponta himself was absent from the confirmation vote. At the 2016 parliamentary election, Ponta retained his seat in the Chamber. In June 2017, he was named secretary general in the government of Sorin Grindeanu, with ministerial rank. In so doing, he was automatically expelled from the PSD, which had agreed to apply this penalty to any party member agreeing to serve under Grindeanu. Shortly after he took on the post, the government was ousted in a no-confidence vote.
In May 2018, the High Court acquitted Ponta of corruption charges dating back to his work as a lawyer in 2007-2008. Later that month, he announced that 11 members of parliament were part of the Pro Romania Party, which he had launched the previous September. Introducing the new party, he described it as a center-left one, aimed at replacing the country's "mediocre, uncultured and incapable" elites with competent professionals.
Ponta and his first wife Roxana, a high school sweetheart, have one son; they were married in 1998 and divorced in 2006. That October, in China, he quietly wed Daciana Sârbu, a future Member of the European Parliament and the daughter of Ponta's Boc cabinet colleague Ilie Sârbu. The couple's relationship had become serious in 2004, after Ponta's son was born; they had a daughter in March 2008 and married in a Romanian Orthodox ceremony in the church in Bucharest's Grădina Icoanei that June.
Ponta is the winner of the 1989 youth national championship in basketball, where he played for CSA Steaua București; and of the 2008 Dacia Logan Cup, where he was a co-pilot. In addition, he is an avowed supporter of FC Steaua București football club. He was made a knight of the National Order for Faithful Service in 2002, and in 2004 received the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity.
- Scurt istoric al justiției penale internaționale, R. A. Monitorul Oficial, Bucharest, 2001
- Drept Penal - Partea generală. Note de curs, Ed. Lumina Lex, Bucharest, 2004
- Curtea Penală Internațională, Ed. Lumina Lex, Bucharest, 2004
- Noi provocări ale secolului XXI - Constituția europeană. Importanță, efecte și natură juridică, Ed. Arhiepiscopia Tomisului, 2005, Constanța
- Drept penal. Partea generală, Ed. Hamangiu, Bucharest, 2006
- Daniel Stroe, "Romanian Orthodox Church Disapproves of Religiously Motivated Political Debates", Independent Balkan News Agency, 5 August 2014; accessed 8 August 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Alina Boghiceanu, "Portretul lui Victor Ponta, candidatul PSD la alegerile prezidenţiale" ("Portrait of Victor Ponta, PSD Presidential Election Candidate"), Adevărul, 25 September 2014; accessed 14 November 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mircea Marian, "Aflat la Tirana, Ponta a spus că familia bunicului său a venit în România din satul albanez Moscopole" ("While in Tirana, Ponta Says His Grandfather's Family Came to Romania from Albanian Village of Moscopole"), Evenimentul Zilei, 18 March 2014; accessed 17 November 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Marius Diaconescu, "Cine sunt aromânii?" ("Who Are the Aromanians?"), Historia, May 2014; accessed 28 November 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Profile at the Romanian Government site; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Alina Novaceanu, "Videanu: În 2002, prin ameninţări, Ponta l-a determinat pe procurorul Cristian Panait să se sinucidă" ("Videanu: In 2002, Using Threats, Ponta Pushed Prosecutor Cristian Panait to Suicide"), Gândul, 6 December 2012; accessed 4 April 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Iulian Andrei Crăciun, "România în vremea 'Atotputernicului'" ("Romania in the Time of 'The All-Powerful'"), Adevărul, 21 June 2012; accessed 4 April 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "'Câinele de Victor Ponta m-a aranjat!'" ("'The Dog Victor Ponta Did Me In!'"), Evenimentul Zilei, 10 January 2003; accessed 4 April 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) George Lăcătuş, "Ponta, acuzat că a tăcut în cazul Puwak" ("Ponta, Accused of Silence in the Puwak Case"), Cotidianul, 26 November 2006; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Echipa lui Victor Ponta a găsit două cazuri de utilizare frauduloasă a fondurilor Phare" ("Victor Ponta's Team Helps Uncover Two Cases of Fraudulent Use of Phare Funds"), Adevărul, 8 February 2003; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Election results, alegeri.tv; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Guvern de regăţeni, cu 'moţ' ardelean" ("Old Kingdom Government, with a Few Transylvanians") Archived 22 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Adevărul, 19 December 2008; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Comisiile au avizat nominalizarea lui Victor Ponta ca ministru pentru Relaţia cu Parlamentul" ("Committees Approve Victor Ponta's Nomination as Minister for Relations with Parliament"), Mediafax, 20 December 2008; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ponta: Codurile civil şi penal vor fi finalizate până la 15 mai" ("Ponta: Civil and Penal Codes to be Finalised by 15 May"), Mediafax, 22 April 2009; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Victor Ponta: 'Orice act de apărare, noaptea, se prezumă legitimă apărare'" ("Victor Ponta: 'Any Act of Defence at Night Is Considered Legitimate Defence'"), Cotidianul, 25 March 2009; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Oana Botezatu, Geta Roman, "Avortul, după comisia Ponta" ("Abortion, According to the Ponta Commission"), Evenimentul Zilei, 7 May 2009; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Micul Titulescu – singur acasă" ("Little Titulescu – Home Alone"), Evenimentul Zilei, 23 September 2005; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Laura Ciobanu, "Adrian Năstase: Victor Ponta nu mai seamănă cu Titulescu" ("Adrian Năstase: Victor Ponta No Longer Resembles Titulescu"), Evenimentul Zilei, 4 December 2013; accessed 16 June 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ponta: Vanghelie e atât de filosof încât nici eu nu pot să îl înţeleg" ("Ponta: Vanghelie Is Such a Philosopher That Not Even I Can Understand Him"), Mediafax, 2 May 2009; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ponta despre parlamentarii PDL de Gorj: "Papagali, mincinoşi şi proşti"" ("Ponta Regarding Gorj County PDL Parliamentarians: 'Parrots, Liars and Dimwits'"), Mediafax, 28 January 2009; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Miniştrii PSD şi-au depus demisiile la cabinetul premierului Emil Boc" ("PSD Ministers Submit Their Resignations in the Office of Prime Minister Emil Boc"), Mediafax, 1 October 2009; accessed 1 October 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Christian Silva, "'Micul Titulescu' preia frâiele PSD" ("'Little Titulescu' Takes the Reins of the PSD"), Jurnalul Naţional, 21 February 2010; accessed 13 July 2010
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Florin Ciornei, "Victor Ponta: 'Pe vremea lui Geoană, mogulii influenţau 100% deciziile PSD'" ("Victor Ponta: 'In Geoană's Time, the Moguls Influenced PSD Decisions 100%'"), Evenimentul Zilei, 12 August 2010; accessed 12 August 2010
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Florin Ciornei, "Geoană: 'Ponta şi-a construit notorietatea prin atitudini de puşti obraznic'" ("Geoană: 'Ponta Built His Notoriety through Poses of a Cheeky Adolescent'"), Evenimentul Zilei, 12 August 2010; accessed 12 August 2010
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Mircea Geoană a fost exclus din PSD: Adio tovarăşi, pe curând prieteni" ("Mircea Geoană Removed from PSD: Goodbye Comrades, See You Soon Friends"), Mediafax, 22 November 2011; accessed 9 February 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Mircea Geoană a fost revocat din funcţia de preşedinte al Senatului" ("Mircea Geoană Removed from Senate Presidency"), Mediafax, 23 November 2011; accessed 9 February 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Dana Ilie, "Ponta şi Antonescu au semnat protocolul de înfiinţare a Uniunii Social-Liberale" ("Ponta and Antonescu Sign Protocol to Found Social Liberal Union") Archived 17 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine, România Liberă, 5 February 2011; accessed 9 February 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Andreia Ciobanu, "Ponta, ales vicepreședinte al Internaţionalei Socialiste" ("Ponta, Elected Vice President of the Socialist International"), Adevărul, 30 August 2012; accessed 2 September 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Victor Ponta şi-a dat demisia de la şefia PSD" ("Victor Ponta Resigns as PSD President"), Adevărul, 12 July 2015; accessed 12 July 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Romulus Georgescu and Sebastian Zachmann, "Guvernul Ungureanu a căzut! Moţiunea a trecut cu 235 de voturi pentru" ("Ungureanu Government Falls! Motion Passes with 235 Votes in Favor"), Adevărul, 27 April 2012; accessed 27 April 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Romulus Georgescu, Ioana Oancea, Ramona Dragomir and Alina Brebenel, "Avem un nou Guvern. Cabinetul Ponta a trecut de Parlament" ("We Have a New Government. Ponta Cabinet Approved by Parliament"), Adevărul, 7 May 2012; accessed 7 May 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Cristian Andrei, Clarice Dinu and Andrei Luca Popescu, "Guvernul Ponta a fost aprobat de Parlament, cu 284 de voturi pentru şi 92 împotrivă" ("Ponta Government Approved by Parliament, with 284 Votes in Favor and 92 Against"), Gândul, 7 May 2012; accessed 13 July 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ponta: Vom avea creştere economică doar din zona privată. Nu renunţăm să creştem salariile bugetarilor" ("Ponta: We Will Have Only Private-Sector Economic Growth. We Will Not Forgo Public-Sector Pay Raises"), Mediafax, 15 May 2012; accessed 12 June 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Victor Ponta: USL a scos PDL din București" ("Victor Ponta: USL Removed PDL from Bucharest"), Evenimentul Zilei, 10 June 2012; accessed 18 December 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mariana Bechir, "Ponta: Băsescu mi-a reproşat că nu l-am informat că voi lua ICR" ("Ponta: Băsescu Chided Me for Not Informing Him I Would Take over the ICR"), Adevărul, 14 June 2012; accessed 28 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mircea Marian, "Trei lovituri într-o singură zi pentru Victor Ponta" ("Three Hits in a Single Day for Victor Ponta"), Evenimentul Zilei, 28 June 2012; accessed 28 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Ana-Maria Adamoae, Andreea Udrea, "Victor Ponta s-a sucit: 'Voi respecta deciziile Curții Constituționale'" ("Victor Ponta Reverses Himself: 'I Will Respect the Decisions of the Constitutional Court'"), Evenimentul Zilei, 28 June 2012; accessed 28 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Liviu Avram, "Dottore Ponta, acuzat de plagiat" ("Dottore Ponta, Accused of Plagiarism"), Adevărul, 19 June 2012; accessed 19 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Ioana Oancea, "Victor Ponta nu demisionează: Băsescu se află în spatele acuzaţiilor de plagiat. Cine îmi spunea 'Dottore' în urmă cu o săptămână?" ("Victor Ponta Will Not Resign: Băsescu Is behind the Plagiarism Accusations. Who Called Me 'Dottore' a Week Ago?"), Adevărul, 19 June 2012; accessed 19 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mircea Marian, Dan Istratie, Cristina Botezatu, "Victor Ponta, acuzat de plagiat. Premierul invocă un război politic" ("Victor Ponta, Accused of Plagiarism. The Premier Blames a Political Struggle"), Evenimentul Zilei, 19 June 2012; accessed 23 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Sorina Ionaşc, "Victor Ponta a plagiat 'din greşeală'" ("Victor Ponta Plagiarized 'By Mistake'"), Gândul, 19 June 2012; accessed 20 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Autorul uneia din cărţile pe care le-ar fi plagiat Ponta spune că nu va sesiza Consiliul Naţional de Etică" ("Author of One of the Books Allegedly Plagiarized by Ponta Will Not Notify the National Ethics Council"), România Liberă, 19 June 2012; accessed 28 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Maria Apostol, Mariana Bechir, Raluca Sofronie, "Consiliul care a verificat teza de doctorat a premierului Ponta: Este un plagiat de tip copy paste" ("Committee That Verified Ponta's Doctoral Thesis: It Is Copy-Paste Plagiarism"), Adevărul, 29 June 2012; accessed 29 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Raluca Sofronie, "Comisia din subordinea lui Ponta a decis: nu a plagiat" ("Committee Subordinate to Ponta Decides: He Did Not Plagiarize"), Adevărul, 19 July 2012; accessed 19 July 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Raluca Sofronie, Ioana Oancea, "Universitatea Bucureşti: Victor Ponta a plagiat şi a plagiat intenţionat" ("University of Bucharest" Victor Ponta Plagiarized and Did so Intentionally"), Adevărul, 20 July 2012; accessed 20 July 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Raluca Sofronie, "Cine sunt membrii Comisiei de Etică a Universităţii Bucureşti care au decis că Victor Ponta a plagiat" ("These Are the Members of the Ethics Committee of the University of Bucharest Who Decided that Ponta Plagiarized"), Adevărul, 20 July 2012; accessed 20 July 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Cristina Olivia Moldovan, "Comisia de Etică a decis: Victor Ponta a plagiat în lucrarea de doctorat" ("Ethics Committee Rules: Victor Ponta Plagiarized in Doctorate"), Evenimentul Zilei, 20 July 2012; accessed 20 July 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Carmen Vintilă, "Premierul Victor Ponta, despre verdictul de plagiat: Decizia Universității este una 'politică'" ("Premier Victor Ponta, about Plagiarism Verdict: University's Decision is 'Political'"), Evenimentul Zilei, 20 July 2012; accessed 20 July 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mihai Stoica, "Premierul Victor Ponta nu va fi urmărit penal pentru plagiat" ("Premier Victor Ponta Will Not Be Prosecuted for Plagiarism"), Adevărul, 17 March 2014; accessed 4 April 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Andreea Udrea, Carmen Vintilă, "Victor Ponta renunţă la titlul de doctor" ("Victor Ponta Renounces Title of Doctor"), Evenimentul Zilei, 17 December 2014; accessed 19 December 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mircea Marian, "Guvernul modifică legea educației astfel încât Ponta să poată renunța la doctorat" ("Government Modifies Education Law so that Ponta Can Renounce Doctorate"), Evenimentul Zilei, 29 December 2014; accessed 7 January 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Aurelia Alexa, "Modificarea Legii Educaţiei prin OUG reprezintă un abuz de putere extrem de nociv" ("Education Law Modification by Ordinance Represents an Extremely Noxious Abuse of Power"), Mediafax, 30 December 2014; accessed 7 January 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Andreea Radu, "Lovitură dură primită de Victor Ponta. Ministrul Educaţiei i-a retras titlul de doctor fostului premier" ("Heavy Blow Received by Victor Ponta. Education Minister Withdraws His Title of Doctor"), Evenimentul Zilei, 1 August 2016; accessed 17 December 2016
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mariana Bechir, "Premierul şi-a falsificat CV-ul" ("The Premier Falsified His CV"), Adevărul, 4 July 2012; accessed 4 July 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Traian Băsescu a fost suspendat. Antonescu le cere românilor şi instituţiilor să-şi desfăşoare activitatea normal" ("Traian Băsescu Suspended. Antonescu Asks Romanians and Institutions to Undertake Normal Activity"), Adevărul, 6 July 2012; accessed 5 August 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ponta: Referendum conform CCR. Jumătate din populaţie trebuie să meargă la vot pentru ca referendumul să fie valid" ("Ponta: Referendum According to Constitutional Court. Half the People Must Vote for Referendum to be Valid"), Evenimentul Zilei, 12 July 2012; accessed 5 August 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mariana Bechir, "Primele declaraţii ale lui Victor Ponta după invalidarea referendumului" ("Victor Ponta's First Declarations after Referendum Is Invalidated"), Adevărul, 21 August 2012; accessed 27 August 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Carmen Vintilă, Alexandra Postelnicu, "Rezultate finale alegeri parlamentare 2012" ("Parliamentary Elections 2012: Final Results"), Evenimentul Zilei, 11 December 2012; accessed 18 December 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Dan Diaconescu n-are loc în Parlament! Liderul PP-DD, surclasat de Ponta" ("Dan Diaconescu Has No Seat in Parliament! PP-DD Leader, Beaten by Ponta"), Jurnalul Naţional, 10 December 2012; accessed 18 December 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Andreea Udrea, "Victor Ponta a fost desemnat oficial premier" ("Victor Ponta Officially Designated Premier"), Evenimentul Zilei, 17 December 2012; accessed 18 December 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Romulus Georgescu, "Un an cu Ponta: lupta cu Băsescu şi meciurile în USL" ("A Year with Ponta: Battle with Băsescu and USL Games"), Adevărul, 7 May 2013; accessed 4 April 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mădălina Mihalache, Sebastian Zachmann, Alina Boghiceanu, "USL s-a rupt" ("USL Breaks Up"), Adevărul, 25 February 2014; accessed 4 April 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Iulia Marin, Sebastian Zachmann, Alina Boghiceanu, "Cum arată Guvernul Ponta 3" ("How the Third Ponta Government Looks"), Adevărul, 3 March 2014; accessed 4 April 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Cristina Botezatu, "Ponta: Înființarea USD nu încalcă protocolul USL" ("Ponta: USD Founding Does Not Breach USL Protocol"), Evenimentul Zilei, 19 February 2014; accessed 4 April 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Alexandra Pele, "Doi ani cu premierul Ponta" ("Two Years with Premier Ponta"), Gândul, 10 May 2014; accessed 19 September 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Oana Căloiu, "Ponta: Iniţial, eram împotriva exploatării de la Roşia Montană, pentru că Băsescu susţinea proiectul" ("Ponta: Initially, I was against Exploiting Roşia Montană, because Băsescu Supported the Project"), România Liberă, 10 September 2013; accessed 9 May 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ponta: Se pare că nu avem gaze de şist, ne-am bătut foarte tare pe ceva ce nu avem" ("Ponta: It Seems We Don't Have Shale Gas, We Fought Very Hard for What We Lack"), Mediafax, 9 November 2014; accessed 9 May 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Alina Boghiceanu, Sebastian Zachmann, "Premierul, pe urmele 'Marinarului'. Ponta şi-a lansat candidatura la apă" ("Premier, following the 'Sailor', Launches Campaign on Water"), Adevărul, 29 July 2014; accessed 19 August 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Alina Boghiceanu, "Rezultatele finale ale primului tur al prezidenţialelor" ("Final Results of First-Round Presidential Elections"), Adevărul, 4 November 2014; accessed 4 November 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Iulia Marin, Sebastian Zachmann, Radu Eremia, Alina Boghiceanu, "Rezultate parţiale BEC: Iohannis 54,5%, Ponta 45,49%" ("Provisional BEC Results: Iohannis 54.5%, Ponta 45.49%"), Adevărul, 17 November 2014; accessed 17 November 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Sorin Ghica, Oana Crăciun, Vlad Andriescu, "Efectul Diaspora. Cum explică sociologii votul masiv pentru Klaus Iohannis" ("The Diaspora Effect. How Sociologists Explain Massive Vote for Klaus Iohannis"), Adevărul, 17 November 2014; accessed 30 November 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Sebastian Zachmann, Mădălina Mihalache, Alina Boghiceanu, "Cabinetul Ponta 4, un Guvern de politruci" ("Ponta 4 Cabinet, a Government of Apparatchiks"), Adevărul, 14 December 2014; accessed 21 December 2014
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mihaela Cojocariu, Mihai Stoica, "Victor Ponta, urmărit penal pentru spălare de bani şi complicitate la evaziune fiscală" ("Victor Ponta, Charged with Money Laundering and Complicity in Tax Evasion"), Adevărul, 5 June 2015; accessed 5 June 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mădălina Mihalache, Iulia Marin, Sebastian Zachmann, "Deputaţii au votat împotriva începerii urmăririi penale faţă de premier" ("Deputies Vote against Beginning Criminal Proceedings for the Premier"), Adevărul, 9 June 2015; accessed 9 June 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mihai Stoica, Sorin Ghica, "Premierul Victor Ponta a plecat în Turcia să se opereze la genunchi" ("Premier Victor Ponta Leaves for Knee Surgery in Turkey"), Adevărul, 15 June 2015; accessed 9 July 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mircea Marian, Silvana Chiujdea, "Klaus Iohannis l-a numit pe Gabriel Oprea premier interimar" ("Klaus Iohannis Names Gabriel Oprea Interim Premier"), Evenimentul Zilei, 22 June 2015; accessed 9 July 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ponta a ajuns la Guvern, urmând să îşi preia atribuţiile de premier după o absenţă de aproape o lună" ("Ponta Arrives at Government Palace, Will Resume Premier's Duties after Absence of Nearly a Month"), Adevărul, 9 July 2015; accessed 9 July 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Victor Ponta este inculpat" ("Victor Ponta Indicted"), Adevărul, 13 July 2015; accessed 13 July 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Alice Drăghici, "Gabriel Oprea, din nou premier interimar, în locul lui Victor Ponta" ("Gabriel Oprea, Again Interim Premier, in Victor Ponta's Place"), Gândul, 29 July 2015; retrieved July 30, 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Alice Drăghici, "Premierul Victor Ponta s-a întors la serviciu, după 12 zile de concediu" ("Premier Victor Ponta Back at Work, after 12 Days' Vacation"), Mediafax, 10 August 2015; retrieved August 11, 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Ionel Stoica, "Victor Ponta, trimis în judecată în dosarul 'Turceni-Rovinari'" ("Victor Ponta, Sent to Trial in 'Turceni-Rovinari' Case"), Adevărul, 17 September 2015; accessed 20 September 2015
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mădălina Mihalache, Claudia Spridon, Mihaela Cojocariu, "Ponta şi Piedone au demisionat" ("Ponta and Piedone Resign"), Adevărul, 4 November 2015; accessed 11 January 2016
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Zeci de mii de români le-au cerut demisia lui Ponta, Oprea şi Piedone" ("Tens of Thousands of Romanians Demand Ponta, Oprea and Piedone Resign"), Gândul, 3 November 2015; accessed 11 January 2016
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Ştefan Pană, "Victor Ponta a absentat de la votul pentru învestitirea Cabinetului Cioloş" ("Victor Ponta Absent from Investiture Vote on Cioloş Cabinet"), Mediafax, 17 November 2015; accessed 11 January 2016
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Roxana Petre, "Reacția lui Victor Ponta, după ce BEC a anunțat distribuția mandatelor în Parlament" ("Reaction of Victor Ponta, after BEC Announces Distribution of Seats in Parliament") Archived 20 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine, România Liberă, 15 December 2016; accessed 17 December 2016
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Sebastian Zachmann, "Victor Ponta a fost numit Secretar General al Guvernului" ("Victor Ponta Named Secretary General of the Government"), Adevărul, 16 June 2017; accessed 16 June 2017
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Liviu Dădăcuș, "Victor Ponta, după înfrângerea de la moţiunea de cenzură" ("Victor Ponta, Commenting on No-Confidence Motion"), Mediafax, 21 June 2017; accessed 26 June 2017
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Mihaela Gidei, "Victor Ponta şi Dan Şova, achitaţi în prima instanţă, în dosarul Turceni-Rovinari" ("Victor Ponta and Dan Şova, Acquitted in opening case, in Turceni-Rovinari File"), Mediafax, 10 May 2018; accessed 5 June 2018
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ponta: Acum avem 11 parlamentari în Pro România şi vor mai veni" ("Ponta: We Now Have 11 Members of Parliament in Pro Romania and There Will Be Others"), Digi24, 28 May 2018; accessed 5 June 2018
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Sebastian Zachmann, "Ponta a lansat noul partid" ("Ponta Launches New Party"), Adevărul, 3 September 2017; accessed 5 June 2018
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Evelyn Badea, "'Micul Titulescu', divorţat" ("'Little Titulescu', Divorced"), Adevărul, 11 February 2006; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Victor Ponta şi Daciana Sârbu, nunta social-democrată a anului" ("Victor Ponta and Daciana Sârbu, Social Democratic Wedding of the Year"), Ziua, 21 June 2008; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Azi, nuntă mare pe axa SRI - PSD" ("Today, Big Wedding on the SRI - PSD Axis"), Adevărul, 21 June 2008; accessed 5 September 2014
- "Daciana Sârbu şi Victor Ponta sunt părinţi" ("Daciana Sârbu and Victor Ponta Are Parents"), Ziua, 25 March 2009; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Ei sunt cei 33 de europarlamentari aleşi de români" ("They Are the 33 MEPs Elected by Romanians") Archived 12 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Evenimentul Zilei, 9 June 2009; accessed 22 June 2009
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Victor Ponta va concura la raliul organizat la Târgu Mureş" ("Victor Ponta to Compete in Rally Held at Târgu Mureş"), România Liberă, 3 June 2010; accessed 29 June 2012
- ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) "Victor Ponta, după Supercupa României: Sunt stelist şi mă bucur pentru această victorie" ("Victor Ponta, after Supercupa României: I am a Steaua Supporter and I'm Glad for this Win"), Mediafax, 10 July 2013; accessed 8 September 2014
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